Ertuğrul Gazi

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Ertuğrul bin Suleyman Shah

Arabic: ارطغرل بن سلیمان شاہ
Also Known As: "Erṭoġrıl", "Ertuğrul bin Gündüz Alp"
Birthplace: Ахлат/Ahlat, Turkey
Death: circa 1281
Сьогут/Söğüt, Turkey
Place of Burial: Söğüt, Söğüt, Bilecik, Turkey
Immediate Family:

Son of Suleyman Shah and Hayme Hatun
Husband of Halime Hatun
Father of Gündüz Alp; Saru Batu Savci Bey; Wrong Osmanoğlu and Osman I Gazi, 1st Ottoman Sultan (Bey)
Brother of Gündoğdu Bey; Dündar Bey and Sungurtekin Bey

Occupation: Bey of Kayıs, Leader of Kayi Tribe
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Ertuğrul Gazi


Ertuğrul (Ottoman Turkish: ارطغرل, often with title Gazi) (1191/1198 Ahlat – 1281 Söğüt) was the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. He was the leader of the Kayı clan of the Oghuz Turks. When arriving in Anatolia with his 400 horsemen to aid the Seljuks of Rum against the Byzantines,[1] Ertuğrul set off the chain of events that would ultimately lead to the founding of the Ottoman Empire. Like his son, Osman, and his future descendants, Ertuğrul is often referred to as a Ghazi,[2] a heroic champion fighter for the cause of Islam.

In 1227, he inherited the command of the Kayı tribe of the Oghuz Turks as a result of his assistance to the Seljuks against the Byzantines. Ertuğrul received lands of Karaca Dağ, a mountainous area near Angora (now Ankara), by Ala ad-Din Kay Qubadh I, the Seljuk Sultan of Rum. One account indicates that the Seljuk leader's rationale for granting Ertuğrul land was for Ertuğrul to repel any hostile incursion from the Byzantines or other adversary.[3]Later, he received the village of Söğüt which he conquered in 1231 together with the surrounding lands. That village became the Ottoman capital in 1299 under Osman I, Ertuğrul's son. Ertuğrul had two other sons, Savdji and Gündüz.


The Ertugrul Gazi Mosque in Ashgabat named after Ertugrul.

In the 19th century, the Ottoman Navy frigate Ertuğrul was named in his honor. The Ertuğrul Gazi Mosque in Asgabat, Turkmenistan is also named after his honor.

See also

Sheik Edebali

Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan

Modu Chanyu

Alp Arslan

Kilic Arslan

Bumin Khan

Bilge Khan


In chapter fourteenth of The History of Âşıkpaşazâde of Âşıkpaşazâde, Osman I asserted that he had descended from Gökalp and Suleiman ibn Qutulmish the founder of Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate instead of "Süleymanşâh ibn Kaya Alp".[8] Erhan Afyoncu claims that the identity of Süleyman Şah in the Tomb of Suleyman Shah is unidentified. He also defends that the father of Ertuğrul according to the recent investigations is Gündüz Alp.[9]


^ History of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, Volume 1, By Stanford Jay Shaw, Ezel Kural Shaw, pg. 13

^ Southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule, 1354-1804, By Peter F. Sugar, pg.14

^ The Ghazi Sultans and the Frontiers of Islam, By Ali Anooshahr, pg. 157

Biography of Ertuğrul Retrieved on 2008-07-23.

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Ertuğrul Gazi's Timeline

Сьогут/Söğüt, Turkey
Ахлат/Ahlat, Turkey
Söğüt, Söğüt, Bilecik, Turkey