Esyllt verch Cynan

Is your surname verch Cynan?

Research the verch Cynan family

Esyllt verch Cynan's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Esyllt verch Cynan

Birthdate: (71)
Birthplace: Caer Seiont, Ceredigion, Wales
Death: Died in Anglesy, Wales
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Cynan, king of Gwynedd and Matilda of Flint
Wife of Gwriad ap Elidir
Mother of Merfyn Frych ap Gwriad; Cadrod ap Gwriad and Gwriad ap Gwriad
Sister of Rhodri ap Cynan

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Esyllt verch Cynan

Came from the realm of Powys.

The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain'
The book, The Oxford History of the British Monarchy'

Queen of Wales
The view that Ethyllt was Merfyn's mother and Nest his wife is held by Davies[9] and many others, including David E. Thornton[7] and Lloyd,[10] who notes the consistency of the genealogies in Jesus College MS 20 and Harleian MS 3859 against the contrary account that Nest was the mother and Ethyllt the wife.

The earliest writers of the history of Wales, from Dr David Powell in 1584 to Jane Williams in 1869, adopted the view of ABT that Nest was the mother of Merfyn Frych. Although she is wholly absent from the Harleian Ms 3859 pedigrees, that manuscript did name the mother of Merfyn Frych as "Etthil merch Cinnan".

Around the final half of the 14th century, a group of pedigrees were set down in Jesus College Ms 20. This is the earliest appearance of a "Nest ferch Cadell m. Brochuael m. Elisse" and she is made the mother of Rhodri Mawr (thus the wife of Merfyn Frych). A number of years later, about 1400, the manuscripts now called Achau Brenhinoedd a Thywysogion Cymru (often abbreviated as ABT) set down the pedigrees of the dynastic kings and princes of Wales. Here, "Nest ferch Gadell ap Brochwal ap Elisse" is cited as the mother of Merfyn Frych (thus the wife of Gwriad ap Elidyr). One might reasonably assume the objective of those medieval genealogists was to introduce a Powys heiress through whom the kingdom of Powys had been inherited by Gwynedd's Merfyn Frych or Rhodri Mawr, and it didn't really matter which.

The genealogies themselves are contained in a number of medieval manuscripts, the most important of which are detailed below.

A: The Harleian genealogies

Which are the earliest surviving document preserved in a single manuscript Harleian MS 3859, bound together with what is known as the 'A' version of the Annales Cambriae. The manuscript itself dates from around 1100, but as the genealogies begin with Owain ap Hywel Dda it is generally presumed that they were originally compiled during his reign (that is between 950 and 987) but are obviously based on oral recollections of a much older date.

B: The Jesus College genealogies

These are contained in the Jesus College MS 20, folios 33r to 41r and draws on the same body of material, but also contains some variations and additions which suggests that it was not directly derived from the Harleian MS. However, the Jesus College manuscript is dated to the late fourteenth century but was probably compiled in the thirteenth century. It is therefore of a much later date than the Harleian genealogies and is therefore considered to be less reliable.

The birthdate of Esyllt verch Cynan is often given as "c. 770", even when she is shown as mother of Merfyn, born "c. 764", as seen below. There is no documentation for either date.

Esyllt verch Cynan

Esyllt was born about 0770 in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales.1 Esyllt's father was Cynan (Dindaethwy) ap Rhodri and her mother was <Unknown>. Her paternal grandparents were Rhodri (Molwynog) ap Idwal and <Unknown>. She was an only child.

Gwriad ap Elidir

Gwriad was born about 0738 in Wales.1

Merfyn (The Freckled) Frych ap Gwriad

Merfyn, known as The Freckled, was born in 0764 in Wales.2 He died as a war casualty at the age of 80 in 0844 in Battle of Cyfeil, Ketell, Wales.2

Cadrod ap Gwriad
Cadrod was born about 0768.3

Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy1,2,3,4
b. circa 770

Father Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri Molwynog, Brenin Gwynedd1,5,2,3 b. circa 720?, d. 816

Mother Matilda of Flint1 b. circa 720

    Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy married Gwriad ab Elidyr, Brenin Ynys Manau, son of Elidyr ap Sandde, Brenin Ynys Manau and Celemion verch Tudwal o Ynys Manau, before 764.2 Esyllt ferch Cynan Dindaethwy was born circa 770 at Caer Seiont, Caernarvonshire, Wales.6 She was the daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri Molwynog, Brenin Gwynedd and Matilda of Flint.1,5,2,3


Gwriad ab Elidyr, Brenin Ynys Manau b. circa 750, d. 825


Brenin Gwynedd Merfyn Frych ap Gwriad o ne Rheged+ b. c 764, d. 8446,3

[S266] EBK, online
[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cunedda Wledig, 86.
[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
[S492] Genealogies from Harleian MS. 3859, manuscript, probably between 954 and 988 unknown repository,

1: "Etthil merch Cinnan".

[S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 12, Chart I, Dynasty of Cunedda (Line of Gwynedd).
[S245] LDS.

Merfyn Frych

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Merfyn was not a member of the traditional dynasty of Gwynedd, the direct male line of Maelgwn Gwynedd, and his succession marked the start of a new dynasty. His claim was apparently based on the fact that his mother, Esyllt, was the daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri and the niece of Hywel ap Rhodri.

ID: I102149

Name: Essylt ferch Cynan
Prefix: Queen Of Gwynedd
Sex: F
Birth: Bet 750 and 770 CE in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales
Death: Y 1

Change Date: 13 Jan 2009 at 01:51

Note: Alias: Ethil /of Gwynedd/

Father: Cynan Dindaethwy Ap Rhodri b: 745 CE

Marriage 1 GWRIAD AP ELIDYR af Man b: Between 738 and 750 CE

Change Date: 13 Jan 2009


Merfyn The Freckled Ap Gwriad b: Bet 765 and 784 CE in , , Wales

Abbrev: Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged
Title: Sutton Folk Family Tree
Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged
Author: Folk, Linda Sutton

Name: Esyllt Verch Cynan Of Gwynedd 1
Sex: F
Birth: ABT 770 in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales 1
Death: Deceased 1

Queen of Gynedd[JohnFaye (8 Jun 05).FTW]

Father: Cynan 'Dindaethwy' Ap Rhodri King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 745

Marriage 1 Gwriad Ap Elidir Of Man King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 738

Merfyn Ap Geriad "Freckled" King Of Gwynedd b: ABT 784

Title: JohnFaye (8 Jun 05).FTW
Media: Other

Text: Date of Import: 27 Jun 2005

view all

Esyllt verch Cynan's Timeline

Caer Seiont, Ceredigion, Wales
Age 4
Age 30
Powys, Wales
Age 35
Age 71
Anglesy, Wales