Eudes I, duke of Aquitaine

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Eudes / Odo I 'le Grand', duque da Aquitânia

Also Known As: "Eudes", "Odo", "Odo Domesticus", "(Eudo; I) `the Great'; King of TOULOUSE & Aquitain; poss. aka Odo de BLOIS", "Odo of Aquitaine", "Odo Count of Toulouse", "Odo of Gascony"
Birthplace: Rheims, Marne, Loire-Alantique, France
Death: 735 (60-70)
Alsace, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Bodegisel III “Boggis” d'Aquitaine, duc d'Aquitaine and Saint Ode de Gascogne
Husband of Waltrude d'Orléans
Father of Hunald, Duke of Aquitaine & Toulouse and Hatto, duke of Gascony
Brother of St. Hubert

Occupation: King of Toulouse & Aquitaine, Duc ou Roi, d'Aquitaine, 688, Duc, 714, Duke of Aquitaine, Domestique, 669, Duc de Gascogne, duc d'aquitaine, Kung av Toulouse & Aquitanien
Managed by: Flemming Allan Funch
Last Updated:

About Eudes I, duke of Aquitaine

From MedLands:

EUDES, son of [BOGGIS Duke of Aquitaine & his wife Oda ---] (-[735], bur Sainte-Marie d'Alarcon). The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (possibly spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Eudonis Aquitanie ducis et fratris sui Imitarii et eorum genitori Boggiso duci" and specifies that the territory of Duke Eudes consisted of "pago Tolosano, Cadurcensi, Pictaviensis, Agennensis, Arelatensi, Sanctonensi et Petragoricensi"[13]. His existence, but not his parentage, is corroborated by the other sources quoted below. The naming of one of his supposed grandsons Loup suggests that he may have been descended from the earlier Duke Lupus, assuming that the latter did exist as a historical person. Duke of Aquitaine. The Continuator of Fredegar records that Eudes supported Ragamfred maior domus of Neustria in [715/17] against Charles "Martel", but fled when confronted by the forces of the latter[14]. Eudes broke the resulting peace treaty in [725], but was again put to flight by Charles "Martel" according to the same source, which says that Eudes then "summoned to his assistance…the unbelieving Saracen people", although the chronology of these incidents appears compressed in this source[15]. The Annales Metenses record the death of "Eodo dux [Aquitaniorum]" in 735[16]. The death of Duke Eudes is recorded, without a specific date, by the Continuator of Fredegar, who also describes the ensuing occupation of Bordeaux and surrounding areas by Charles "Martel"[17]. An indication of the date can be found from the subsequent section 16 in the Continuator, which is concerned with calendar calculations up to the year 735. However, this cannot be considered conclusive as the order of the sections in the Continuator is not rigorously chronological, as shown by the subsequent section 20 which describes the battle of Poitiers although this is dated from other sources to 732. The Annales Petaviani record that in 736 "Karolus dimicabat contra filios Eodonis"[18], implying that their father was no longer living at that time, assuming that the date is accurate. The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (possibly spurious, as explained in the Introduction) records that "Eudo Aquitanie dux" was buried at Sainte-Marie d'Alarcon[19].

m [WALTRUDE, daughter of Duke WALACHO & his wife ---. The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (possibly spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Valtruda, Valchigisi ducis de nostra progenie filia" as wife of "Eudo Aquitanie dux"[20]. Her name and parentage have not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.]

Sometimes claimed as husband of Adèle d'Austrasie, Abbess of Pfalzel.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Odo the Great

Odo the Great (also called Eudes or Eudo) (died c. 735), Duke of Aquitaine, obtained this dignity by 700. His territory included the Duchy of Vasconia in the south-west of Gaul and the Duchy of Aquitaine (at that point located north-east of the river Garonne), a realm extending from the Loire to the Pyrenees, with capital in Toulouse. He retained it until his abdication in 735.

His earlier life is obscure, as are his ancestry and succession. Several Dukes of Aquitaine have been named as Odo's father: Boggis or Bertrand, to whom errant historians ascribed descent from the Merovingian Charibert II (based on the forged Charte d'Alaon), as also Duke Lupus I, who was not Merovingian at all. Odo is called the brother of Hubertus.

Odo succeeded to the ducal throne as early as 679, probably the date of the death of Lupus, or 688. Other dates are possible, including 692, but he was certainly in power by 700. In 715 he declared himself independent during the civil war raging in Gaul. It is not likely that he ever took the title of king.

In 718, he appears as the ally of Chilperic II of Neustria and the Mayor of the Palace Ragenfrid, who may have offered recognition of his kingship over Aquitaine. They were fighting against the Austrasian mayor of the palace, Charles Martel; but after the defeat of Chilperic at Soissons that year, he probably made peace with Charles by surrendering to him the Neustrian king and his treasures.

Odo was also obliged to fight both the Umayyads and the Franks who invaded his kingdom. On June 9, 721, he inflicted a major defeat upon Anbasa ibn Suhaym Al-Kalbi at the Battle of Toulouse, a victory celebrated with gifts from the Pope and solidifying Odo's independence. To help secure his borders he married his daughter, probably named Lampegia, to Uthman ibn Naissa, called "Munuza" by the Franks, the deputy governor of what would later become Catalonia. The peace was not to last. Within a few years, he was again attacked and defeated near Bordeaux by the Umayyads. Meanwhile, his Muslim ally fell out with the Umayyad rulers, who exerted their own control over the region. Following the defeat, Odo pleaded with Charles Martel, Mayor of the palaces of Neustria and Austrasia, for assistance in fighting the Arab advance. The alliance defeated the Umayyads at the Battle of Tours in 732, and repelled the Arabs out of Aquitaine. Odo rarely gets the credit he deserves, even though he played a major role in planning the victory.

In 735 the Duke Odo abdicated and was succeeded by his son Hunald. He died thereafter, probably in a monastery, perhaps as late as 740. His popularity in Aquitaine is attested by the Vita Pardulfi.


   * Oman, Charles. The Dark Ages, 476–918. London: Rivingtons, 1914.

* This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Eudo I, le Grand, Aquitaine, Duc:

b.aft.640; s/o Boggis I, d'Aquitaine Duc and Ode ou Aude d.bef.713

 m.(1 or 2)aft.650 Adela von Austrasia;
 m.(1 or 2)Valtrude de Gascogne [Verdun], Duchess;

CHILDREN included:

  Bernarius de Septimania, Comte b.bef.665; 

Gerlinde von Austrasia b.bef.670 m.Adalbertud I von Elsass;
Hunold d'Aquitaine b.abt.675;