Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin

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Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin

Birthplace: Whitehall, London, England (United Kingdom)
Death: January 17, 1766 (87)
London, England (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin and Margaret Blagge
Husband of Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough
Father of William Godolphin, Marquis of Blandford; Lady Henrietta Churchill; Harriet Pelham-Holles, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Mary Godolphin

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About Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin

Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin, PC (3 September 1678 – 17 January 1766) was a British politician, styled Viscount Rialton between 1706 and 1712.

Godolphin, only child of Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, was born in Whitehall, London, on 3 September 1678, and baptised the same day. His mother, Margaret Godolphin, dying on 9 September., John Evelyn, who had been her most intimate acquaintance, transferred his friendship to her infant son, took charge of the general superintendence of his education, and continued to take an interest in his welfare after he had grown to man's estate.

Francis Godolphin was educated at Eton, and at King's College, Cambridge, where he took his M.A. degree in 1705.[1] His first public appointment was that of joint registrar of the court of chancery on 29 June 1698, which he held to 20 January 1727, holding also the place of one of the tellers of the exchequer from 1699 to 1704. He was chosen representative for East Looe in Cornwall on 1 December 1701, but on 4 February 1701–2 elected to serve for Helston, and sat for that constituency till 21 September 1710. As cofferer of the household he was in office from 1704 to 1711, and acted as lord warden of the stannaries, high steward of the duchy of Cornwall, and rider and master forester of Dartmoor from 1705 to 1708. He was known under the courtesy title of Viscount Rialton from 29 December 1706 till 1712. He sat for the county of Oxford from 1708 to 1710, and for Tregony in Cornwall from the latter date until he was elevated to the upper house as second Earl of Godolphin on the death of his father on 15 September 1712.

He was again cofferer of the household 1714–23, lord-lieutenant of the county of Oxford 1715–1735, lord of the bedchamber to George I 1716, high steward of Banbury 1718, and a privy councillor 26 May 1723. To George II he was groom of the stole, and first lord of the bedchamber 1727–35. He was named high steward of Woodstock 18 March 1728, and the same day appointed governor of the Scilly Islands.

On 23 January 1735 he was created Baron Godolphin of Helston in Cornwall, with special remainder, in default of his own issue, to the heirs male of his deceased uncle, Dr. Henry Godolphin, dean of St. Paul's. During the king's absence from Great Britain in 1723, 1725, and 1727 he acted as one of the lords justices of the United Kingdom. Finally, as lord privy seal, he was in office from 14 May 1735 to 25 April 1740. The pocket borough of Helston, not far from his ancestral home, Godolphin House, was under his patronage for many years, and sent his nominees to parliament. In return for this complaisance he rebuilt Helston Church in 1763, at an expense of 6,000l., and it was also his custom to pay the rates and taxes for all the electors in the borough. It is said that he only read two works, Burnet's ‘History of my own Time’ and Colley Cibber's ‘Apology.’ When he had perused them throughout he began them again. He died on 17 January 1766, and was buried in Kensington Church on 25 January., when the earldom of Godolphin, viscounty of Rialton, and barony of Godolphin of Rialton became extinct; but the barony of Godolphin of Helston devolved upon his cousin Francis Godolphin, 2nd Baron Godolphin of Helston.

Godolphin married, in March 1698, Lady Henrietta Churchill, eldest daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Jennings. She was born 20 July, and baptised at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, 29 July 1681. On the death of her father, 16 June 1722, she became Duchess of Marlborough, and dying 24 October 1733 was buried in Westminster Abbey on 9 November. She acquired much notoriety by her attachment to William Congreve, the dramatist.

Godolphin was one of the founding Governors of the charity called the Foundling Hospital, created in 1739. The charity aimed to tackle the problem of child abandonment in London by providing an orphanage where parents could leave babies they considered themselves incapable of bringing up.


William Godolphin, Marquess of Blandford (c. 1700 – 1731), married Maria Catherina de Jong.

Lord Henry Godolphin (born c. 1700)

Lady Margaret Godolphin (born c. 1703)

Lady Henrietta Godolphin (d. 1776), married the 1st Duke of Newcastle.

Lady Mary Godolphin (1723–1764), married the 4th Duke of Leeds.

Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin was born circa 1679.4 He was the son of Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin and Margaret Blagge.1,3 He married Henrietta Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, daughter of Sir John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Jenyns, on 23 April 1698.1 He died on 17 January 1766.4

    Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin was styled as Viscount Rialton between 1706 and 1712.4 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Godolphin in 1712. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.5

Children of Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin and Henrietta Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough

Hon. Hary Godolphin 4

Lady Margaret Godolphin 4

Lady Henrietta Godolphin d. 17 Jul 1776.6

Lady Mary Godolphin+ d. 3 Aug 1764.4

William Godolphin, Marquess of Blandford b. c 1700, d. 24 Aug 1731.4


[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VIII, page 494. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (France) to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family".

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume V, page 748.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VIII, page 498.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 771. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

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Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin's Timeline

September 3, 1678
Whitehall, London, England
England - son of Frances & Henrietta
April 12, 1701
Helston, Cornwall, England
Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
January 17, 1766
Age 87
London, England
January 25, 1766
Age 87