Frederick II Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor

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Frederick II Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor

Lithuanian: Frederikas II Hohenstaufen, Šventosios Romos imperatorius, Spanish: Federico II Hohenstaufen, Sacro Emperador Romano Germánico, Italian: Federico II Hohenstaufen, Sacro Romano Imperatore, German: Friedrich II Hohenstaufen, Heiliges Römisches Kaiser
Also Known As: "Federico Ruggero Costantino di Hohenstaufen", "Federico I", "Federico VII", "Federicus", "Fidiricu"
Birthplace: Jesi, Province of Ancona, Marche, Italy
Death: December 13, 1250 (55)
Castel Fiorentino, Torremaggiore, Provincia di Foggia, Puglia, Italy
Place of Burial: Palermo, Sicilia
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor and Constance Hohenstaufen, Queen of Sicily
Husband of Marie de Poitiers; Constance Sicily; Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of Sicily; Isabelle II, Queen of Jerusalem and Regina von Beilstein-Wolfsöden
Partner of Alayta von Urslingen, Marano; mistress of Frederick II; Manna de Castanea and Bianca Lancia, d'Agliano
Ex-partner of Matilda of Antioch
Father of Henry VII Hohenstaufen, king of the Romans; Jordanus Jordan Prince Germany; Agnes von Hohenstaufen; Frederick Of Germany; Margherita di Sicilia and 14 others
Brother of Margaretha von Hohenstaufen

Occupation: King of Sicily from 1198, Germany from 1212, Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and of Jerusalem from 1225
Managed by: Private User
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About Frederick II Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. As such, he was King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He was also King of Sicily from his mother's inheritance. He was Holy Roman Emperor (Emperor of the Romans) from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death. His original title was King of Sicily, which he held as Frederick I from 1198 to his death. His other royal titles, accrued for a brief period of his life, were King of Cyprus and Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the Sixth Crusade.

Predecessor: Otto IV Successor: Henry VII

  • King of Germany (formally King of the Romans) Reign 1212–1220 Coronation 9 December 1212 (Mainz) 25 July 1215 (Aachen)

Predecessor: Otto IV Successor: Henry (VII)

  • King of Sicily Reign 1198–1250 Coronation 3 September 1198 (Palermo)

Predecessor : Henry VI Successor: Conrad I

  • King of Jerusalem: Reign 1225–1228 Coronation 18 March 1229 (Jerusalem)

Predecessor: Yolande Successor: Conrad II,%20Kings.htm#FriedrichIIGermanydied1250B

KONSTANTIN ROGER FRIEDRICH von Staufen, son of Emperor HEINRICH VI & his wife Constance of Sicily (Iesi, Ancona 26 Dec 1194-Castel Fiorentino near Lucera, Foggia, 13 Dec 1250, bur 25 Feb 1251 Palermo Cathedral). He was elected as king of Germany at Wurzburg 25 Dec 1196. He succeeded his father in 1197 as FEDERIGO I King of Sicily, under the regency of his mother, crowned 17 May 1198 at Palermo cathedral. He declared himself of age 26 Dec 1208. Emperor Otto IV invaded Naples, became master of continental Sicily by 1211 and was preparing to invade the island of Sicily with Pisan support, when Friedrich was again elected as FRIEDRICH II King of Germany 5 Dec 1212 at Frankfurt-am-Main, crowned at Mainz 9 Dec 1212 and at Aachen 25 Jul 1215. He was crowned as Emperor FRIEDRICH II in Rome 22 Nov 1220. He declared himself FRIEDRICH King of Jerusalem at Brindisi 9 Nov 1225. He replaced Eudes de Montbéliard as regent of Jerusalem by Thomas of Aquino Count of Acerra in 1226[627]. He sailed from Brindisi 8 Sep 1227 for Jerusalem but fell ill at Otranto, where Ludwig IV Landgraf of Thuringia had been put ashore due to sickness, and postponed his journey while recuperating[628]. He embarked again at Brindisi 28 Jun 1228, although his second wife had meanwhile died which put in doubt his right to the kingdom of Jerusalem, and landed in Cyprus in Jul 1228[629]. He left Cyprus for Acre 3 Sep 1228, and after lengthy negotiations signed a ten year peace treaty with Sultan al-Kamil 18 Feb 1229 under which the city of Jerusalem was returned to the kingdom of Jerusalem[630]. He made his ceremonial entry to Jerusalem 17 Mar 1229, and crowned himself king the next day in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, before sailing back to Europe from Acre 1 May 1229 after appointing Eudes de Montbéliard as Constable of Jerusalem and Balian of Sidon and Garnier the German as baillies. He landed at Brindisi 10 Jun 1229[631]. Friedrich was excommunicated and deposed as emperor 17 Jul 1245 by Pope Innocent IV. He died from dysentery. His death is recorded by Matthew Paris, who specifies the date but not the place and gives details of his testament[632]. The Historia Sicula of Bartolomeo di Neocastro records the death in Dec 1250 "in festo beate Lucie virginis" of "dominus Fridericus secundus…Romanorum…imperator" and his burial "in majori ecclesia Panormitana"[633].

  • m firstly (Messina 5 or 15 Aug 1209 or Palermo 19 Aug 1209) as her second husband, Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, widow of IMRE King of Hungary, daughter of don ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon & his wife Infanta doña Sancha de Castilla (1179-Catania 23 Jun 1222, bur Palermo Cathedral). ...
  • m secondly (by proxy Acre Aug 1225, Brindisi Cathedral 9 Nov 1225) ISABELLE [Yolande] de Brienne Queen of Jerusalem, daughter of JEAN de Brienne King of Jerusalem & his first wife Maria di Monferrato Queen of Jerusalem (1211-Andria, Bari 25 Apr or 5 May 1228, bur Bari cathedral). ...
  • m thirdly (Betrothed London Feb 1235, Worms Cathedral 15 or 20 Jul 1235) ISABELLA of England, daughter of JOHN King of England & his second wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulême (1214-Foggia near Naples 1 Dec 1241, bur Bari).
  • Mistress (1): --- . The Thomas Tusci Gesta Imperatorum et Pontificum refers to the mother of "Fredericus" as "nobili comitissa quo in regno Sicilie erat heres"[654] but Emperor Friedrich's first mistress has not been identified more precisely.
  • Mistress (2): [ADELHEID von Urslingen, daughter of ---]. ...
  • [Mistress (3): RUTHINA von Beilstein-Wolfsölden, wife of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Löwenstein [Calw], daughter of [BERTHOLD Graf von Beilstein & his wife Adelheid von Bonfeld]. ...
  • Mistress (4): ---. Benoist-Méchin says that the mother of the emperor´s daughter Katharina was "une femme appartenant à la lignée des ducs de Spolète" but cites no corresponding source[659]. There may be some confusion with the alleged mother of Enzio who, according to the same source, was "de la Maison de Spolète" (see above).
  • [Mistress (5): ---. No indication has been found of the identity of the mother of the emperor´s supposed son Heinrich.]
  • Mistress (6): MARIA [Matilda], from Antioch. ...
  • Mistress (7): ---. Her name is not known.
  • Mistress (8): [MANNA, niece of --- Archbishop of Messina, daughter of ---. Benoist-Méchin says that the mother of Riccardo Conte di Chieti was "semble-t-il, le fils de Manna, une nièce de l´archévêque de Messine" but cites no corresponding source[663].]
  • Mistress (9): ---. Her name is not known.
  • Mistress (10): ---. Her name is not known.
  • Mistress (11): ---. Her name is not known.
  • Mistress (12): BIANCA Lancia, daughter of MANFREDO [II] Lancia Marchese di Busca & his wife Bianca "Maletta" --- (-[1233/34]).

NOTE: In a relevant portion of history some eight centuries ago ― the acquisition of Jerusalem by the legendary Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II at the height of the Crusades, occurred through his peaceful and diplomatic means.

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