Gov. Joseph Bloomfield

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Joseph Bloomfield

Birthplace: Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey
Death: October 03, 1823 (69)
Burlington County, New Jersey, United States
Place of Burial: Burlington, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Dr. Moses Bloomfield and Sarah Bloomfield
Husband of Mary Bloomfield and Isabella Bloomfield
Brother of Hannah Giles

Occupation: politician, lawyer, soldier
Managed by: Erica Howton
Last Updated:

About Gov. Joseph Bloomfield

Joseph Bloomfield (October 18, 1753 – October 3, 1823) was the fourth Governor of New Jersey. The township of Bloomfield, New Jersey is named for him.

Joseph Bloomfield was born in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey to Moses Bloomfield, a physician, and Sarah Ogden. Moses Bloomfield was a surgeon and an abolitionist.

Joseph was educated at Reverend Enoch Green’s school in Deerfield Township, New Jersey, where Enoch was the pastor of the local Presbyterian Church. Bloomfield studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1775 and began his law practice in Bridgeton, New Jersey. He entered the Continental Army as captain of the 3rd New Jersey Regiment on February 9, 1776. He attained the rank of major on November 28, 1776, and was appointed judge advocate of the northern army. He was wounded at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777. He resigned from the Continental Army on October 28, 1778, after he was elected clerk of the New Jersey General Assembly.

In 1794, he led Federal and New Jersey state troops to put down the Whiskey Rebellion, a popular uprising conducted by Appalachian settlers who resisted the excise tax on liquor and distilled drinks, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. From 1795 to 1800 he served as Mayor of Burlington, New Jersey.[1]

At the start of the War of 1812 he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the United States Army on March 13, 1812. He served until June 15, 1815 along the Canadian border.

Joseph married Mary McIlvaine (1752–1818), the daughter of William McIlvaine (1722–1770), a physician from Burlington, New Jersey. Her brother, Col. Joseph McIlvaine (1749–1787), was the father of Joseph McIlvaine (1769–1826), United States Senator from New Jersey.[2] They had no children.

After the death of his first wife, he married Isabella Ramsey (1779–1871), the daughter of John Ramsey.

Bloomfield died in Burlington, New Jersey on October 3, 1823, and was buried in Saint Mary's Episcopal Churchyard in Burlington.[4]


  • Lender, Mark E.; Martin, James Kirby, eds. (1982). Citizen soldier : the Revolutionary War journal of Joseph Bloomfield. Newark: New Jersey Historical Society. ISBN 0911020055. LCCN 82003618. Retrieved 2013-01-25. (on Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823)
  • Joseph Bloomfield, Burlington City, N.J. Accessed July 1, 2011. "Born in 1753, Joseph Bloomfield reached the rank of Captain in the Revolutionary War, then served as New Jersey state attorney general and chief justice of the New Jersey Vice-Admiralty Court. He moved to Burlington upon marrying Mary McIlvaine, and took up residence in a mansion on High Street which had been built about 1750.... Bloomfield served as Mayor of Burlington from 1795 to 1800, the second mayor under the Act of Incorporation of 1784."
  • Frank Charles McElvain (1999). A History of the McElvain-McIlvaine Family Line. p. 379.
  • Bloomfield, New Jersey – A Brief History, Bloomfield Presbyterian Church. Accessed August 21, 2007.
  • St. Mary's Churchyard at The Political Graveyard. Accessed August 21, 2007.


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Gov. Joseph Bloomfield's Timeline

October 18, 1753
Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey
October 3, 1823
Age 69
Burlington County, New Jersey, United States
October 3, 1823
Age 69
Burlington, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States