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American Revolution: Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778

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    Lieut Silas Chadbourn (1752 - 1823)
    DAR# A023728 m1. ABIGAIL CROCKETT m2. LUCY ROBERTS SEVIER CROCKETT Please see also Lt Silas Chadbourne (or Chadbourn) (8 AUG 1752 Berwick, York, Maine - 15 June 1823 Gorham, Cumbe...
  • John B. Powelson/Pouelson (1746 - 1822)
    Enlisted on June 23, 1775 and served in the 1st and 2nd battalions of (Somerset County) New Jersey. In Captain Jacob Ten Eyk’s Company, under the command of Colonel Stephen Hunt, for the Continental Ar...
  • Maj. Winthrop Sargent (1753 - 1820)
    Winthrop Sargent (May 1, 1753 – June 3, 1820) was a United States patriot, politician, and writer; and a member of the Federalist party.Governor of Mississippi Territory. A Harvard graduate, Sargent be...
  • John Riddle (1761 - 1847)
    Revolutionary War Veteran. A native of New Jersey he served as a soldier for the United States during the Revolutionary War entering the service in 1778. He fought at the Battle of Monmouth during the ...
  • Colonel George Tahkarihoken Croghan (1720 - 1849)
    George Croghan (c. 1718 – August 31, 1782) was an Irish-born fur trader in the Ohio Country who late 19th-century historian William M. Darlington first recognized as the region's key figure. Ohio's rec...

The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The Continental Army under General George Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). It is known as the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse.

Unsteady handling of lead Continental elements by Major General Charles Lee had allowed British rearguard commander Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis to seize the initiative, but Washington's timely arrival on the battlefield rallied the Americans along a hilltop hedgerow. Sensing the opportunity to smash the Continentals, Cornwallis pressed his attack and captured the hedgerow in stifling heat. Washington consolidated his troops in a new line on heights behind marshy ground, used his artillery to fix the British in their positions, then brought up a four-gun battery under Major General Nathanael Greene on nearby Combs Hill to enfilade the British line, requiring Cornwallis to withdraw. Finally, Washington tried to hit the exhausted British rear guard on both flanks, but darkness forced the end of the engagement. Both armies held the field, but the British commanding general Clinton withdrew undetected at midnight to resume his army's march to New York City.

While Cornwallis protected the main British column from any further American attack, Washington had fought his opponent to a standstill after a pitched and prolonged engagement; the first time that Washington's army had achieved such a result. The battle demonstrated the growing effectiveness of the Continental Army after its six month encampment at Valley Forge, where constant drilling under officers such as Major General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben and Major General Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette greatly improved army discipline and morale. The battle improved the military reputations of Washington, Lafayette and Anthony Wayne but ended the career of Charles Lee, who would face court martial at Englishtown for his failures on the day. According to some accounts, an American soldier's wife, Mary Hays, brought water to thirsty soldiers in the June heat, and became one of several women associated with the legend of Molly Pitcher.

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