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Guy Fawkes

Also Known As: "Guido Fawkes", "John Johnson"
Birthdate: (35)
Birthplace: Stonegate, York, England
Death: January 31, 1606 (35)
London, England (Hanged for high treason)
Immediate Family:

Son of Edward Fawkes and Edith Blake or Jackson
Husband of Mary Pulleyn (unconfirmed)
Father of Thomas Fawkes
Brother of Anne Fawkes, infant; Anne Fawkes and Elizabeth Fawkes

Occupation: soldier, alférez
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Guy Fawkes

Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries, belonged to a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Fawkes was born and educated in York. His father died when Fawkes was eight years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes later converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the Eighty Years' War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformators. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England but was unsuccessful. He later met Thomas Wintour, with whom he returned to England.

Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there. Prompted by the receipt of an anonymous letter, the authorities searched Westminster Palace during the early hours of 5 November, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives. Over the next few days, he was questioned and tortured, and eventually he broke. Immediately before his execution on 31 January, Fawkes jumped from the scaffold where he was to be hanged and broke his neck, thus avoiding the agony of the drawing and quartering that followed.

Fawkes became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, which has been commemorated in England since 5 November 1605. His effigy is burned on a bonfire, often accompanied by a firework display. Remember Remember the Fifth of November

   Remember, remember! 
   The fifth of November, 
   The Gunpowder treason and plot; 
   I know of no reason 
   Why the Gunpowder treason 
   Should ever be forgot! 
   Guy Fawkes and his companions 
   Did the scheme contrive, 
   To blow the King and Parliament 
   All up alive. 
   Threescore barrels, laid below, 
   To prove old England's overthrow. 
   But, by God's providence, him they catch, 
   With a dark lantern, lighting a match! 
   A stick and a stake 
   For King James's sake! 
   If you won't give me one, 
   I'll take two, 
   The better for me, 
   And the worse for you. 
   A rope, a rope, to hang the Pope, 
   A penn'orth of cheese to choke him, 
   A pint of beer to wash it down, 
   And a jolly good fire to burn him. 
   Holloa, boys! holloa, boys! make the bells ring! 
   Holloa, boys! holloa boys! God save the King! 
   Hip, hip, hooor-r-r-ray! 
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Guy Fawkes's Timeline

April 13, 1570
York, England
Age 19
Farnham, Surrey, England
January 31, 1606
Age 35
London, England