Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre

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Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre

German: Graf von Bigorre Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre
Birthplace: Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom
Death: July 1220 (24-25)
Castelnaudary, Aude, Occitanie, France
Place of Burial: Castelnaudary, 11076, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Simon V de Montfort, 5th Earl Leicester and Alix de Montmorency
Husband of Petronille de Bigorre, Comtesse de Bigorre
Father of Alix de Montfort; Pétronille de Montfort, dame de Rambouillet, comtesse de Bigorre and Laure de Marsan
Brother of Amaury VI, comte de Montfort; Marie de Montfort; Amicie de Montfort; Laure de Montfort-l'Amaury; Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and 2 others

Occupation: Comte
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre,_5th_Earl_of_Leicester Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.

Seal of Simon IV de Montfort

Simon IV (or V[1]) de Montfort (c. 1175 – 25 June 1218),

' also known as Simon de Montfort the Elder, was a French nobleman and soldier who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He died at the Siege of Toulouse in 1218. He was lord of Montfort-l'Amaury in France and the 5th Earl of Leicester in England. Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Later life 3 Legacy 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links Early life[edit] He was the son of Simon IV de Montfort (d. 1188), lord of Montfort l'Amaury in France near Paris, and Amicia de Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester. He succeeded his father as lord of Montfort in 1181; in 1190 he married Alix de Montmorency, the daughter of Bouchard III de Montmorency. She shared his religious zeal and would accompany him on his campaigns.[2] In 1199, while taking part in a tournament at Ecry-sur-Aisne, he took the cross in the company of Count Thibaud de Champagne and went on the Fourth Crusade. The crusade soon fell under Venetian control, and was diverted to Zara on the Adriatic Sea. Pope Innocent III had specifically warned the Crusaders not to attack fellow Christians; Simon opposed the attack and urged a waiting Zara delegation not to surrender, claiming the Frankish troops would not support the Venetians in this. As a result, the delegation returned to Zara and the city resisted.[3] Since most Frankish lords were in debt to the Venetians, they did support the attack and the city was sacked in 1202. Simon did not participate in this action and was one of its most outspoken critics. He and his associates, including Abbot Guy of Vaux-de-Cernay, left the crusade when the decision was taken to divert once more to Constantinople to place Alexius IV Angelus on the throne. Instead, Simon and his followers travelled to the court of King Emeric of Hungary and thence to Acre.[4] His mother was the eldest daughter of Robert of Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester. After the death of her brother Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester without children in 1204, she inherited half of his estates, and a claim to the Earldom of Leicester. The division of the estates was effected early in 1207, by which the rights to the earldom were assigned to Amicia and Simon. However, King John of England took possession of the lands himself in February 1207, and confiscated its revenues. Later, in 1215, the lands were passed into the hands of Simon's cousin, Ranulph de Meschines, 4th Earl of Chester. Later life[edit] Simon remained on his estates in France before taking the cross once more, this time against Christian dissidence. He participated in the initial campaign of the Albigensian Crusade in 1209, and after the fall of Carcassonne, was elected leader of the crusade and viscount of the confiscated territories of the Raymond-Roger Trencavel family. Simon was rewarded with the territory conquered from Raymond VI of Toulouse, which in theory made him the most important landowner in Occitania. He became feared for his ruthlessness. In 1210 he burned 140 Cathars in the village of Minerve who refused to recant - though he spared those who did. In another widely reported incident, prior to the sack of the village of Lastours, he brought prisoners from the nearby village of Bram and had their eyes gouged out and their ears, noses and lips cut off. One prisoner, left with a single good eye, led them into the village as a warning. Simon's part in the crusade had the full backing of his feudal superior, the King of France, Philip Augustus. But historian Alistaire Horne, in his book Seven Ages of Paris, states that Philip "turned a blind eye to Simon de Montfort's crusade... of which he disapproved, but readily accepted the spoils to his exchequer". Following the latter's success in winning Normandy from John Lackland of England, he was approached by Innocent III to lead the crusade but turned this down. He was heavily committed to defend his gains against John and against the emerging alliance among England, the Empire and Flanders. But, Philip claimed full rights over the lands of the house of St Gilles; some historians believe his dispatch of de Montfort and other northern barons to be, at the very least, an exploratory campaign to reassert the rights of the French Crown in Le Midi. Philip may well also have wanted to appease the papacy after the long dispute over his marriage, which had led to excommunication. He also sought to counter any adventure by King John of England, who had marriage and fealty ties also with the Toulouse comtal house. Meanwhile, others have assessed Philip's motives to include removing over-mighty subjects from the North, and distracting them in adventure elsewhere, so they could not threaten his increasingly successful restoration of the power of the French crown in the north. Simon is described as a man of unflinching religious orthodoxy, deeply committed to the Dominican order and the suppression of heresy. Dominic Guzman, later Saint Dominic, spent several years during the war in the Midi at Fanjeau, which was Simon's headquarters, especially in the winter months when the crusading forces were depleted. Simon had other key confederates in this enterprise, which many historians view as a conquest of southern lands by greedy men from the north. Many of them had been involved in the Fourth Crusade. One was Guy Vaux de Cernay, head of a Cistercian abbey not more than twenty miles from Simon's patrimony of Montfort Aumary, who accompanied the crusade in the Languedoc and became bishop of Carcassonne. Meanwhile, Peter de Vaux de Cernay, the nephew of Guy, wrote an account of the crusade. Historians generally consider this to be propaganda to justify the actions of the crusaders; Peter justified their cruelties as doing "the work of God" against morally depraved heretics. He portrayed outrages committed by the lords of the Midi as the opposite. Simon was an energetic campaigner, rapidly moving his forces to strike at those who had broken their faith with him - and there were many, as some local lords switched sides whenever the moment seemed propitious. The Midi was a warren of small fortified places, as well as home to some highly fortified cities, such as Toulouse, Carcassonne and Narbonne. Simon showed ruthlessness and daring as well as being particularly brutal with those who betrayed their pledges - as for example, Martin Algai, lord of Biron.[5] In 1213 Simon defeated Peter II of Aragon at the Battle of Muret. This completed the defeat of the Albigensians, but Simon carried on the campaign as a war of conquest. He was appointed lord over all the newly acquired territory as Count of Toulouse and Duke of Narbonne (1215). He spent two years in warfare in many parts of Raymond's former territories; he besieged Beaucaire, which had been taken by Raymond VII of Toulouse, from 6 June 1216 to 24 August 1216.

Plaque commemorating the death of Simon de Montfort Raymond spent most of this period in the Crown of Aragon, but corresponded with sympathisers in Toulouse. There were rumours in September 1216 that he was on his way to Toulouse. Abandoning the siege of Beaucaire, Simon partially sacked Toulouse, perhaps intended as punishment of the citizens. Raymond returned in October 1217 to take possession of Toulouse. Simon hastened to besiege the city, meanwhile sending his wife, Alix de Montmorency, with bishop Foulques of Toulouse and others, to the French court to plead for support. After maintaining the siege for nine months, Simon was killed on 25 June 1218 while combating a sally by the besieged. His head was smashed by a stone from a mangonel, operated, according to one source, by the donas e tozas e mulhers ("ladies and girls and women") of Toulouse.[6] He was buried in the Cathedral of Saint-Nazaire at Carcassonne.[7] His body was later moved by one of his sons to be reinterred at Montfort l'Amaury. A tombstone in the South Transept of the Cathedral is inscribed "of Simon de Montfort". Legacy[edit] Simon left three sons: his French estates passed to his eldest son, Amaury VI de Montfort, while his younger son, Simon, eventually gained possession of the earldom of Leicester and played a major role in the reign of Henry III of England. He led the barons' rebellion against Henry during the Second Barons' War, and subsequently became de facto ruler of England. During his rule, de Montfort called the first directly elected parliament in medieval Europe. For this reason, de Montfort is regarded today as one of the progenitors of modern parliamentary democracy. Another son, Guy, was married to Petronille, Countess of Bigorre, on 6 November 1216, but died at the siege of Castelnaudary on 20 July 1220.

His daughter, Petronilla, became an abbess at the Cistercian nunnery of St. Antoine's. Another daughter, Amicia, founded the convent at Montargis and died there in 1252.
Notes[edit] Jump up ^ Complete Peerage, vii p. 716 Jump up ^ Maddicott, John Robert (1994). Simon de Montfort. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. Jump up ^ Crowley, Roger (2011). City of Fortune: How Venice won and lost a Naval Empire. London: Bloomsberry House. p. 54. Jump up ^ Phillips, Jonathan. The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople, 2004. page 137. Jump up ^ Sumption, Jonathan (1978). The Albigensian Crusade (1999 paperback ed.). Faber. p. 149. ISBN 0-571-20002-8. Jump up ^ Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise laisse 205. Jump up ^ Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise laisse 206; Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay, Historia Albigensis 615. References[edit] Lippiatt, G.E.M. Simon V of Montfort and Baronial Government, 1195-1218, 2017 Sumption, Jonathan. The Albigensian Crusade, 2000 Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Simon de Montfort". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. External links[edit]

Media related to Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester at Wikimedia Commons Peerage of England Preceded by Robert de Beaumont	Earl of Leicester 1206–1218	Succeeded by Simon de Montfort Regnal titles Preceded by Raymond Roger	Viscount of Béziers, Albi and Carcassone 1209–1218	Succeeded by Amaury Preceded by Bernard Ato VI	Viscount of Nîmes 1214–1218 Preceded by Raymond VI	— DISPUTED — Count of Toulouse 1215–1218 Disputed by Raymond VI	Succeeded by Raymond VI Guy De Montfort Guy De Montfort MyHeritage Family Trees GEDCOMX2-1 in Raimbault, managed by Christian Raimbault (Contact) Birth: 1195 - Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Death: July 1220 - near Castelnaudary, Aude, France Parents: Simon De Montfort, Alix De Montfort (born De Montmorency) Siblings: Amaury Vi De Montfort, Laure De Montfort-l'amaury (born Montfort L'amauri), Amicie De Joigny, Seigneur De Château-renard (born De Montfort), Simon De Montfort, Robert De Montfort, Perronnelle De Montfort Wife: Pétronille De Montfort (born De Comminges) Children: Alix De Chabanois (born De Montfort), Peronelle De La Roche-tesson (born De Montfort)

Über Graf von Bigorre Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre (Deutsch)

Guy de Montfort bzw. Guido von Montfort ( * ca. 1244 , + zwischen 1291 oder 1292) ein englischer Soldat / Militär & Rebell. Einer der Mörder von Henry of Almain, einem Cousin des englischen Königs.

About Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre (Français)

Comte de Bigorre du chef de sa femme.

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Guy de Montfort, Comte de Bigorre's Timeline

Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom
July 1220
Age 25
Castelnaudary, Aude, Occitanie, France
Carcassonne, Aude, Occitanie, France
comte de BIGORRE,du chef de sa femme
France, Castelnaudary, 11076, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France