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Guy of Burgundy, count of Vernon & Brionne

Italian: Guido di Borgogna, conte di Vernon e di Brionne, French: Gui de Bourgogne, comte de Vernon e di Brionne
Birthplace: Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France
Death: 1069 (39-48)
Bourgogne, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Reginald I Ivrea, count palatine of Burgundy and Adeliza (Alice) of Normandy, Countess Of Burgundy
Brother of William I "the Great" count of Burgundy; Alberada of Hauteville; Hugh de Bourgogne, Viscount of Lons-le-Saunier; Falcon of Burgundy and Ubberto, conte d'Ariano

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About Guy of Brionne

GUY de Bourgogne (-after 1069). Guillaume of Jumièges names “Adeliz” as the first daughter of “dux Richardus” and his wife “Goiffredum Britannorum comitem...sororem...Iudith”, adding that she married “Rainaldo Burgundionum comiti” by whom she had “Willelmum et Widonem”[25]. His parentage is also given by Orderic Vitalis[26]. The Archbishop of Rouen and the Comte d'Arques proposed Guy as duke of Normandy, his claim being through his mother, in place of his cousin the infant Guillaume "le bâtard". Guy remained in Normandy, where he was brought up with his cousin and was given the castles of Brionne and Vernon. Still pursuing his claim, he tried to capture Duke Guillaume in 1046 with the help of Néel de Saint-Sauveur, Renouf vicomte de Bayeux and Haimon "le Dentu", but was forced to flee and was finally defeated at Le Val-lès-Dunes in 1047. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted “castrum Brioci” to “Widonem...filium Rainaldi Burgundionem comitis” who rebelled against the duke with “Nigellum Constantiniensem præsidem” but was defeated at “Valedunas” in 1047[27]. Orderic Vitalis records that he was besieged in his castle for three years, pardoned by Duke Guillaume, sought refuge temporarily at the court of Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou, and returned to Burgundy where he continually plotted to dispossess his brother over a period of ten years[28].


Gui de Brionne

Gui de Brionne ou Gui de Bourgogne (v. 1025-1069 [r%C3%A9f. nécessaire]), est le deuxième fils de Renaud Ier (986-1057), comte de Bourgogne, et d'Adélaïde (ou Alice) de Normandie1,2.


Gui est, d'après Wace, élevé à la cour normande. En 1035, à la mort du duc de Normandie Robert le Magnifique, Gui est l'un de ses possibles successeurs2. En effet, le duc n'a pas de descendance légitime, et Gui est son neveu grâce à sa mère. Mais c'est le fils illégitime de Robert, son cousin Guillaume le Bâtard (futur Guillaume le Conquérant), alors jeune enfant, qui est désigné.

Au milieu des années 1040, Gui possède les importants châteaux forts de Brionne, sur la Risle, et de Vernon, sur la Seine2. Il les a reçu après la mort de Gilbert de Brionne (mort vers 1040)2 du duc Guillaume. Il a aussi reçu la seigneurie de Brionne avec le titre de comte1. Il décide alors de s'emparer du pouvoir ducal, et parvient à rassembler autour de lui une forte coalition de barons normands, venant de toutes les parties du duché2.

Cette révolte aurait commencé par une tentative d'assassinat ratée à Valognes2. Le duc Guillaume obtient alors l'aide de son suzerain, le roi Henri Ier de France2. S'ensuit la bataille du Val-ès-Dunes, en 1047, à laquelle les forces rebelles sont mises en déroute par l'armée franco-normande2.

Gui de Brionne, blessé, réussit à échapper à la capture sur le champ de bataille2. Il se réfugie alors dans son château de Brionne, avec une importante troupe armée, et en renforce les fortifications2. Il aurait fallu trois ans au duc Guillaume pour l'en déloger2.

Gui de Brionne est banni de Normandie2 et trouve refuge un temps auprès de son oncle Geoffroy II, comte d'Anjou. Il tente par la suite de ravir le comté de Bourgogne à son frère Guillaume.

Notes et références

  1. François Neveux, La Normandie des ducs aux rois, xe ‑ xiie siècle, éditions Ouest-France, 1998, p. 112.
  2. David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror, University of California Press, réédition 1992, p. 47-55.


David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror, University of California Press, réédition 1992, p. 47-55. ((ISBN 9780520003507)).


in Notes and Queries: A Medium of Intercommunication for Literary Men, General Readers, Etc. Ninth Series, Volume VIII, July-December 1901 [online on Googlebooks]


Orderic Vital (bk. vii. chap. xvi.) calls Harlowen de Burgo Herluin de Conteville. This place is Conteville-sur-Mer, near the mouth of the Risle. He states that he married Harleve, and had two sons. Mr. Cobbe gives him two sons, Odo and Robert, and a daughter named Adelaide, who married Eudes de Champagne for her first husband. and secondly Lambert Count of Lens. Her daughter Judith married Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria. Planché says there were two daughters—Emma, who became wife to Richard, Viscount of the Avranchin, whose son was the Earl of Chester; and Muriel, who married Eudo do Capello or al Chapel; but he states in vol. i. (‘Conqueror and his Companions ’) that there was also a sister of Muriel who became the wife of the lord of Ferté Macé, who was called nephew of Odo in a charter. But he says (vol ii p. 286) that a sire de Ferté Macé, either Mathias or William, married a sister of Odo, and William, his son, was Odo's nephew. He does not know which sister of Odo, or by which father, or whether a child of Herleve and Herluin.Here lies a doubt which I have been seeking to solve, but at the present I am totally in the dark.

WHB Chesterton, Cambs.

Reply by Frances Selena Vade-Walpole, Stagsbury, Banstead, pp. 525-526

THE ‘Dictionnaire de la Noblesse ’ of 1774, by M. De la Chenaye-Dubois, says, under ‘La Haye du Puis,’ that early in the eleventh century it was in the possession of Richard Turstin called Bardouf, who founded in 1056, with his sister Anne and his son Yvon Capel, the Abbey of Lessay two leagues south of the Haye du Puis. Under ‘De la Haye,’ another family, it gives references to La Roque’s ‘Histoire de Harcourt,’ tome ii. p. 1101, c. This ancient noblesse descends from Renaud I, Sovereign Count of Burgundy, and Alix, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy and Judith of Brittany, and is a branch of the Counts of Vernon.

Robert de la Haye, third son of Guy of Burgundy, Count of Vernon and Brione, accompanied William the Conqueror at the battle of Hastings, and confirmed the foundation of the Abbey of Lessay by the advice and with the consent of his wife Muriel and his two sons. He married Muriel daughter and heiress of Eudes au Capel, Grand Maitre d’Hotel to the Duke of Normandy, son of Richard Turstin “dit" Bardouf, or Haldup, and Emma, daughter of one of the Dukes of Normandy. According to the charters and La Roque. tome ii. p. 267. Henry I recommended the Abbey of St. Evroult to the Bishop of Lisieux, the Count of Mortain, and Robert de la Haye.

Count Robert of Mortain founded St. Evroult in 1082 with Matilda de Montgoméri, his first wife. Eudo de Capel’s estates went to his grandson, according to the French ‘Noblesse,’ for his daughter and heiress Muriel de la Haye du Puis married Robert de la Haye, of another family, and had Richard and Raoul.

Richard had only three daughters: he married a cousin, Matilda de Vernon heiress of Varanguebec. The eldest daughter had for her share the barony of La Haye du Puis, also Varanguebec from her mother. She married Richard, Baron du Hommet.

Odo Bishop of Bayeux, had a son John, who had for his preceptor Roger (see Sauvage, ‘ Recherches sur l’arrondissement de Mortain’).

Robert, Earl of Mortain and Cornwall, married first Matilda de Montgoméri daughter of Roger de Montgoméri, Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom he had William and four daughters. He married second Almodis, and had a son Robert.

William, second Earl of Mortain and Cornwall, married Adelidis, called “de Ou ” in a charter (‘ Calendar of Documents preserved in France,’ by J. H. Round, Charter No. 1209, date 1100-6). He became a monk at Bermondsey in 1140. Taken prisoner at Tinchebray and blinded.

Emma married William, Earl of Toulouse, and was great - grandmother to Eleanor, heiress of Aquitaine, who married first Louis, King of France, then Henry II, King of England.

Agnes married Andre de Vitre; her daughter Hawisa married Robert de Ferrers, first Earl of Derby.

Denise, so called by La Roque and Moreli, or Agatha by Anselm, married Guy, Sieur de Laval.

Barbe married Baudouin du Bose, fourth son of Antoine de Cluny; she had four sons, and died 1127. (French ‘Noblesse’ under ‘ Radeport,’ vol. xi. p. 662.)

Maude, Matilda, or Adelais.—Anselm says Eudes de Champagne, son of Henry, called Stephen, Count of Troyes and Meaux, second son of Eudes II, called Champénois, Count of Blois, Troyes, and Meaux, and of his wife Ermengarde of Auvergne, married Adelais de Mortaing, widow of a Norman seigneur, daughter of Helvin, Seigneur de Conteville and Herleve. Adelais founded the priory of St. Martin d’Aumale.

Brooke calls her Matild, half-sister by the mother to the Conqueror, and Vincent does not correct him. ‘L’Art de Verifier les Dates’ calls her “ soeur utérine." Maseres, ‘ Selects. Monumenta,’ in pedigrees, p. 389, calls her “soror uterina Gulielmi I ” TIn notes, p.316, she is called half-sister to the king, by Harleva or Arlotta and Herluin, “probus miles.” Also p. 250 says the same: p. 254 (in Latin), Orderic Vital says, “Odoni vero Campaniensi nepoti Theobaldi Comitis, qui sororem habebat ejusdem Regis (filiam scilicet Rodberti Ducis) dedit idem Comitatum Hildernessae.” She married first Enguerraud or Ingleram, Sire d’Aumale, killed 1053, leaving one daughter, Adelaide, supposed d. s.p.; married second, before a year of widowhood, Lambert, Count of Lens, brother to Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, who was killed next year, leaving one daughter, the “wicked” Judith, married to Waltheof ; her third husband was Odo of Champagne, by whom she had one son, Stephen, who became Count of Aumale.

Harlowen de Conteville married first Frédégonde, and had by her Raoul de Conteville, who came to England and had posterity (see House of Ivry).

Secondly he married Arlotta, or Herleva, and had by her Robert, Earl of Mortain; Odo, Bishop of Bayeux; Maud, or Adelais (perhaps), Countess of Albemarle.

Emma married Richard Goz, Earl of Avranches ; she was mother to Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. Brooke calls her Margaret. Vincent does not correct him.

Isabel married Guilbert, son of the Earl of Corbeil.

Muriel married Eudes al Chapel.

The ancestry of Harlowen is so far unknown. There is no trace of a John, Earl of Comyn, and the descent through Godfrey de Bouillon, who lived a century after, is of course absurd. The mistake has arisen most likely from Baldwin IL, King of Jerusalem, being called “Du Bourg ” (see ‘Art de Verifier les Dates’). He was father of Millicent, Queen of Jerusalem, whose jewelled prayer book is in the British Museum. Baldwin II was a “parent" (may mean nephew or cousin) to the brothers Godfrey and Baldwin I; he was son of the Count de Rethel, in Champagne.

Pére Anselm, vol. ii. p. 470. says Harlouin de Conteville is by some called Gilbert de Crépon.

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Guy of Brionne's Timeline

Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France
Age 44
Bourgogne, France