Helewyse de Lancaster, of Kendal

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Helewyse de Lancaster, of Kendal

Also Known As: "Hawise de Lancaster"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kendal, Westmoreland, England
Death: Died in Kendal, Westmoreland, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of William de Lancaster, Baron of Kendal and Helewise de Stuteville
Wife of Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal
Mother of William III de Lancaster, Baron of Kendal; Hawise de Lancaster, Heiress of Kendal; Alice de Lancaster, of Windermere; daughter de Lancaster de Kirkeby and Serota de Multon
Sister of Henry De Lea and Lawrence Lawesson, de Lancaster
Half sister of Ada de Morville; Joanna de Morville; Hugh de Morville; Simon de Greystoke; Elye de Greystoke and 4 others

Occupation: Baroness Kendal
Managed by: Robert H. Searl, Jr
Last Updated:

About Helewyse de Lancaster, of Kendal

Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster

  • b abt 1176,
  • d aft Sep 1226.
  • Father: William de Lancaster, 6th Baron Lancaster1 d. 1184
  • Mother: Helewise de Stuteville b. c 1155, d. a 1226

She md Sir Gilbert Fitz Roger Fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal, bef 20 Jul 1189, son of Roger Fitz Reinfrid. Only child of Sir William II de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal b abt 1156, of Westmorland, England, d 1184.

He md Hawise de Stuteville abt 1174, daughter of Robert de Stuteville, Sheriff of York, and Hawise.

Children of Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid and Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster were:

  • i. Sir William de Lancaster b abt 1192; md Agnes de Brus.
  • ii. Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster b abt 1205. She md Peter II de Brus abt 1220, son of Peter I de Brus and Joan le Grammaire.

Links

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Excerpt from Barony of Kendal (Wikipedia, 12/23/2016)

There is some doubt about who should be named as the first true Baron of Kendal. It is generally associated with the family of William de Lancaster I, and before him, with his apparent relatives, the Norman, Ivo de Taillebois, and William's uncle, the Anglo-Saxon Ketel (or Chetell) son of Eldred of Workington. William de Lancaster I was in any case the first administrator of the region after England recovered the area from King David I of Scotland.

The blazonry attributed to William de Lancaster I and several of his descendants who were Barons of Kendal. William is thought to be related to Ivo de Taillebois, who helped administer the Cumbrian region and formed Kendal into what would become the barony, under the first two Norman kings, William the Conqueror and William Rufus. Ketel fitz Eldred is known to have been lord over similar areas after the death of Ivo, and before the time when William took over. But between Ivo and William, a period which included Scottish occupation, the history of the Barony of Kendal is very unclear.

The arms of Westmorland. In modern times, the two red bars were incorporated into the arms of the traditional county of Westmorland, as a representation of the Kendal half of that county. The apple tree represents Appleby, or Northern Westmorland.[6]

Two historical records claim a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert, which was the name of the father of William de Lancaster (also known as "William son of Gilbert"). These were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire. But modern commentators believe this to be impossible, and made by placing a sequence of lords into the simplest possible family tree.[7] Furthermore, records have been found which describe Ketel not as William's grandfather, but as his uncle (Latin avunculus, so probably a maternal uncle).[8]

More contemporary is a record in the Coucher Book of Furness Abbey. Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is a party, and it was asserted there that William de Lancaster I had first been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale".[9] This is the only relatively contemporary evidence that William had a Taillebois connection, probably through his father Gilbert, and it also suggests that during the 12th century, Kendal was associated somehow with the honour of Lancaster, because William was described as becoming Baron of one, and taking up the title from the other. William Farrer argued that such links go back before 1066. He argued that Kendal and the neighbouring parts of Lancashire, Furness to the west, and northern Lancashire to the south, formed a single administrative district in the old Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria.

Furness, Kendal, and North Lancashire, bounded on the north by the river Duddon, Dunmail Raise, Kirkstone Pass, and Borrow Beck, and on the south by the river Ribble, formed a complete fiscal area of five hundred teamlands for the levying of Danegeld.[10]

So during the lifetime of William de Lancastre, the link between Kendal and Lancashire was by this account an older link, which was only broken later as the honour of Lancaster came under more direct royal control, and Furness came under the control of the powerful Abbey of Furness. Documents show that disputes concerning control of Furness continued between the Barons of Kendal and the Abbey of Furness for several generations.

Despite common assertions to the contrary, Farrer and Curwen thought that William was probably not a true "Baron" of Kendal, in the sense of being a direct tenant of the monarch, because he appears to have had lords above him apart from the king. Farrer wrote in the Introduction to Records of Kendal:

After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189–90; and that neither William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, nor William de Lancaster II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as "baron" of Kentdale.[5]

Instead, Farrer and Curwen believed that William I and II were actually tenants of the lord controlling northern Westmorland. Therefore, the eventual county of Westmorland was not originally a merger, but a takeover, which was then re-structured in the time of King Richard I of England. On 15 April 1190, Richard acquitted the then Baron of Kendal, Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, of his dues to northern Westmorland. It was only 13 years later, on 28 October 1203, that King John granted to Robert de Veteriponte in fee "Appleby and Brough with all their appendages with the bailiwick and the rent of the county with the services of all tenants (not holding of the king by military service) to hold by the service of four knights." The service to the crown for Kendal was by comparison the service of two knights.[11] There was a second William de Lancaster, son of the first, who was either the next baron, or according to Farrer the first definite Baron of Kendal. And after him came the above-mentioned Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid, the husband of Helewise, who was the daughter and heiress of William de Lancastre II. Gilbert was one of the barons whose seal is found on the Magna Carta, and he participated in the so-called First Baron's War.

The last true Baron of the whole of the Barony of Kendal was the son of Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, who used the name William de Lancastre III. After his death, the Barony was divided between the husbands of his daughters.

Sources

Farrer's Introduction to his Records of Kendal British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol1/vii-xvii & Edenlinks website: http://edenlinks.rootsweb.ancestry.com/1gp/RECORDS/FAR/INTRO.HTM .

References

  1. Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Kendal ward
  2. Jump up ^ Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2
  3. Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Lonsdale ward
  4. Jump up ^ Wainwright, "Grey Crag", The Far Eastern Fells
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b Farrer; Curwen (1923), "Introduction", Records of Kendal, 1. Also at [1].
  6. Jump up ^ 'Appendices: Kendal Castle and the Westmorland coat of arms', in Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 3, ed. John F Curwen (Kendal, 1926), pp. 308-312. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol3/pp308-312 [accessed 18 March 2016].
  7. Jump up ^ For William Farrer's remarks on this see Farrer, William (1902), Lancashire Pipe Rolls and Early Lancashire Charters, p. 305 and p.vii (Addenda and Corrigenda) concerning p. 389 I.18, and Farrer (1909), The Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey of the Premonstratensian Order, Volume I, Part II, pp. 305–8
  8. Jump up ^ F. W. Ragg (1910), "De Lancaster", Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society: 395–493)
  9. Jump up ^ Coucher Book of Furness Abbey, 1887, pp. 344–345
  10. Jump up ^ Farrer, "The Domesday Survey of North Lancashire and the Adjacent Parts of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Yorkshire", Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society: 88
  11. Jump up ^ "North Westmorland: The barony of Appleby", The Later Records relating to North Westmorland: or the Barony of Appleby, 1932, pp. 1–2
  12. Jump up ^ Nicholson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013
  13. Jump up ^ Nicolson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013

From the Geneajourney page for her husband, Roger Fitz Reinfrid:

http://www.geneajourney.com/fzrein.html#gilbfzrein

Roger Fitz Reinfrid [a], Sheriff of Sussex and Berkshire, b abt 1116, d aft 1198. The identity of his wife is not known.

Child of Roger Fitz Reinfrid was:

1. Gilbert Fitz Roger Fitz Reinfrid [b], Lord of Kendal,

b abt 1142, of Kendal, Westmorland, England,

d bef 5 May 1220.

He md

[1] Rohaise de Rumare abt 1160, and

[2] Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster bef 20 Jul 1189, daughter of Sir William II de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal, and Hawise/Helwise de Stuteville.

Children of Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid and Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster were:

1. Sir William de Lancaster b abt 1192; md Agnes de Brus.

2. Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster b abt 1205. She md Peter II de Brus abt 1220, son of Peter I de Brus and Joan le Grammaire.

NOTES:

a. Sheriff of Sussex 1176, of Berkshire 1186-1187, and a Judge 1176 and 1198, he was a witness to the King's will.

b. He was Steward to Henry II in France, 1180-89, and later to Richard I, as well as justice of the King's Court 1185, Sheriff of Lancashire 1205-1216, and Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1209-1212.

SOURCES:

CP: Vol VII[371-372]; AR: Line 88[27-28].


From the Celtic Casimir online family tree:

http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/17/31266.htm

Hawise DE LANCASTER 593,1562,7718,8407

Born: Abt 1172, Kendal, Westmorland, England

Married: Before 20 Jul 1189 593,7718,8406

Died: After Sep 1226, Kendal, Westmorland, England 7718

General Notes:

Hawise (or Helwise) de Lancaster, only child, Baroness Kendal, living Sep 1226; m. bef. 20 Jul 1189, Gilbert Fitz Rogert Fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal, 1189, who had m. (1) ca. 1156, Rohaise, daughter of William de Rumare, and widow of Gilbert de Gaunt, who d. 1156. Gilbert was Steward to Henry II, in France 1180-89, and later to Richard I; was justice of the King's Court 1185, sheriff of Lancashire 1205-1216, and of Yorkshire 1209-1212, and d. bef. 13 Jun 1220. His father Roger Fitz Reinfrid, was witness to the King's will, Judge 1176, 1198, sheriff of Sussex 1176, and of Berkshire 1186-7. [Ancestral Roots, line 88-27] 593,1562

Marriage Information:

Hawise married Gilbert FITZ REINFRID Lord of Kendal, son of Roger FITZ REINFRID Sheriff of Sussex & Berkshire and Hawise/ Rohaise (Rohese) DE ROUMARE, before 20 Jul 1189 593,7718,8406. (Gilbert FITZ REINFRID Lord of Kendal was born after 1157 in Kendal, Westmorland, England and died before 13 Jun 1220 in Kendal, Westmorland, England 7718.)


 Hawise de Lancaster was born circa 1169. She married Gilbert FitzReinfrid, son of Roger FitzReinfrid and Alice de Breton, on 20 July 1189 in Rouen.
    Hawise appears to be the only legitimate child of William II. After his death, Hawise became a ward of William le Mareschal, known as the "perfect knight". She eventually marriage Gilbet FitzReinfrid, with the permission of Henry II.
    1184-86, Henry II gave to William Marshal the custody of the heir of William de Lancaster; see Kirkby in Kendale, 

http://www.lawrencefamhis.com/ashton-o/p1561.htm#i39024


Hawise de Lancaster1

  1. 39024, b. circa 1169

Hawise de Lancaster|b. c 1169|p1561.htm#i39024|William II de Lancaster|d. c 1184|p613.htm#i15315|Hawise de Stuteville||p613.htm#i15316||||||||||||| Father William II de Lancaster1 d. c 1184 Mother Hawise de Stuteville1 Charts Roger FitzReinfield Descendants

    Hawise de Lancaster was born circa 1169.2 She married Gilbert FitzReinfrid, son of Roger FitzReinfrid and Alice de Breton, on 20 July 1189 in Rouen.3,2
    Hawise appears to be the only legitimate child of William II. After his death, Hawise became a ward of William le Mareschal, known as the "perfect knight". She eventually marriage Gilbet FitzReinfrid, with the permission of Henry II.
    1184-86, Henry II gave to William Marshal the custody of the heir of William de Lancaster; see Kirkby in Kendale, page 2.5,4

Family Gilbert FitzReinfrid b. c 1162, d. b 5 May 1220 Children i.Serota de Lancaster2 ii.Unknown de FitzReinfrid4 iii.Hawise de Lancaster3 b. c 1190, d. a Sep 1226 iv.William III de Lancaster d. 12 Nov 1246 v.Avice de Lancaster3


http://www.lawrencefamhis.com/ashton-o/p1561.htm#i39024 http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~daisy/lawbar.htm

HAWISE de Lancaster . An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Helewisia” as daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that she married ”Gilbert filium Raynfridi”[267]. Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][268]. A charter of King Henry II names “Helewisam” as daughter of “Willielmum secundum” and his wife “Helewisam de Stuteville”, adding that she married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi”[269]. “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[270]. m ([1184/89]) GILBERT FitzRoger FitzReinfrid Lord of Kendal, son of ROGER FitzReinfrid & his wife --- (-before 1220).

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3L-O.htm#_Toc321390307

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Helewyse de Lancaster, of Kendal's Timeline

1172
1172
Kendal, Westmoreland, England
1190
1190
Age 18
Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, England
1190
Age 18
Kendal, Westmorland, England
1202
1202
Age 30
Barton, West Ward, Westmorland, England
1226
September 26, 1226
Age 54
Kendal, Westmoreland, England
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