Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent

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Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent

Also Known As: "2nd Baron Lucas", "12th Earl of Kent", "Marquess of Kent", "Earl of Harold", "Viscount Goderich"
Birthdate: (69)
Death: June 5, 1740 (69)
Immediate Family:

Son of Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent and Mary Grey, 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell
Husband of Jemima Crewe and Sophia Bentinck
Father of Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold; Henry Grey; Jemima Grey; Anne Grey, Lady Cavendish; Lady Amabel Grey and 3 others
Brother of Annabel Grey

Managed by: Private User
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About Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent KG PC (1671 – 5 June 1740) was a British politician and courtier.

Contents 1 Family 2 Political career 3 Titles 4 Marriages and children 5 Footnotes 6 Sources 7 External links


He was a son of Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent and Mary Grey, 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell. He succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Kent in 1702, having succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Lucas earlier the same year.

Political career

Having taken his seat in the House of Lords and though regarded as lacking talent and ambition[1] he, as the politically expedient candidate, was made Lord Chamberlain and a Privy Counsellor in 1704. Unpopular, Grey was nicknamed Bug for his body odour.[2] In 1710 he traded his position for a Dukedom and was succeeded as Lord Chamberlain by the Duke of Shrewsbury. It should be noted that contemporary commentators including John Macky and Jonathan Swift did defend Grey. He may have been, for his time, the right man in the right place.[1]

After 1710 he served in politically minor positions: lord of the bedchamber, constable of Windsor Castle, lord steward of the household from 1716 until 1718, and lord keeper of the privy seal from 1719 until 1720. Grey was one of the Lords Justices appointed during the absence of George I of Great Britain.

In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. At the age of 68, a year before his death, Grey took part, as a founding governor, in the creation of Britain's first home for abandoned children, London's Foundling Hospital.


Grey succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Kent in 1702, having succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Lucas earlier the same year. He was created Marquess of Kent, Earl of Harold and Viscount Goderich in 1706, Duke of Kent in 1710 for relinquishing his Lord Chamberlain position, and made a Knight of the Garter in 1712. Left without a male heir after the death of his son George Grey, Earl of Harold, in 1733, he was created Marquess Grey in 1740, with a special remainder to his granddaughter Lady Jemima Campbell and her heirs male. She also succeeded to the Barony of Lucas. All his other titles became extinct at his death.

Marriages and children

Henry married first Jemima Crew, a daughter of Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew and Anne Armine daughter of Sir William Airmine, 2nd Baronet.[3] They had at least six children:

Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold (d. 1723). Married Mary Tufton, a daughter of Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet and Lady Catharine Cavendish. Henry Grey (c. 1696 - 1717). Amabel Grey (d. 2 March 1726). Married John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland. Jemima Grey (c. 1699 - 7 July 1731). Married John Ashburnham, 1st Earl of Ashburnham. Anne Grey (d. 20 September 1733). Married Lord Charles Cavendish. Mary Grey. Married David Gregory of Christ Church. He married secondly Sophia Bentinck, a daughter of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland and his second wife Jane Martha Temple. They had a son and a daughter:

George Grey, Earl of Harold (c. 1732 - 1733) Anne Sophia Grey (d. 24 March 1780). Married John Egerton, Bishop of Durham.


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Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent's Timeline

February 21, 1695
Age 24
Age 25
Age 28
January 20, 1705
Age 34
June 5, 1740
Age 69