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Hugo Collins

Also Known As: "Collens", "Collings", "Collins"
Birthdate: (74)
Birthplace: Barny Castle In The County Palatine Of Durham
Death: November 18, 1734 (70-78)
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, The Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Husband of Anna Cornelisdr van Biesem; Neeltje van Biesem; Wilhelmina van Cattenburgh; Adriana van Lansbergen and Jacoba Slingerland
Father of Niesie Collins; Neeltje Collins; Marija Collins; Hugo Collins and Samuel Collins

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Huijgo Collens

About Hughs place of birth : Barny Castle In The County Palatine Of Durham

A county palatine or palatinate was an area ruled by an hereditary nobleman possessing special authority and autonomy from the rest of a kingdom or empire. The name derives from the Latin adjective palatinus, "relating to the palace", from the noun palatium, "palace". It thus implies the exercise of a quasi-royal prerogative within a county, that is to say a jurisdiction ruled by an earl, the English equivalent of a count. A duchy palatinate is similar but is ruled over by a duke, a nobleman of higher precedence than an earl or count. The nobleman swore allegiance to the king yet had the power to rule the county largely independently of the king. It should therefore be distinguished from the Feudal barony, held from the king, which possessed no such independent authority. Rulers of counties palatine did however create their own feudal baronies, to be held directly from them in capite, such as the Barony of Halton. County palatine jurisdictions were created in England under the rule of the Norman dynasty. On continental Europe, they have an earlier date. In general, when a palatine-type autonomy was granted to a lord by the sovereign, it was in a district on the periphery of the kingdom, at a time when the district was at risk from disloyal armed insurgents who could retreat beyond the borders and re-enter. For the English sovereign in Norman times this applied to northern England, Wales and Ireland. As the authority granted was hereditary, some counties palatine legally survived well past the end of the feudal period.

Durham, Chester and Lancaster

ounties palatine were established in the 11th century to defend the northern (Scottish) and western (Welsh) frontiers of the kingdom of England. In order to allow them to do so in the best way they could, their earls were granted palatine ("from the palace", i.e. royal) powers within their territories, making these territories nearly sovereign jurisdictions with their own administrations and courts, largely independent of the king, though they owed allegiance to him.

Durham palatinate plaque. William the Conqueror founded the County Palatine of Durham, ruled by the prince-bishops of Durham and the County Palatine of Chester, ruled by the Earls of Chester. Chester had its own parliament, consisting of barons of the county, and was not represented in the parliament of England until 1543, while it retained some of its special privileges until 1830. The earldom of Chester has since 1301 been associated with the title of Prince of Wales which is reserved for the heir apparent to the throne or crown of the UK (or the throne of England, as it was then). As well as having spiritual jurisdiction over the diocese of Durham, the bishops of Durham retained temporal jurisdiction over County Durham until 1836. The bishop's mitre which crowns the bishop of Durham's coat of arms is encircled with a gold coronet which is otherwise used only by dukes, reflecting his historic dignity as a palatine earl. Lancashire was made a county, or duchy, palatine in 1351 and kept many of its special judicial privileges until 1873. Although the dukedom of Lancaster merged into the Crown in 1399, it is to this day held separate from other royal lands, and managed by the Duchy of Lancaster. The title of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is still used by a member of the cabinet. In Lancashire, the loyal toast is to "the Queen, Duke of Lancaster." The king's writs did not run in these three palatine counties until the nineteenth century[5][6] and, until the 1970s, Lancashire and Durham had their own courts of chancery. (See Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster and Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Durham and Sadberge) The appeal against a decision of the County Court of a County Palatine had, in the first instance, to be to the Court of Common Pleas of that County Palatine.

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Huijgo Collens's Timeline

Barny Castle In The County Palatine Of Durham
May 5, 1687
Age 27
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands
Age 38
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands
October 16, 1702
Age 42
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands
November 28, 1703
Age 43
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands
May 27, 1705
Age 45
Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands