Israel Friedlaender

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Israel Friedlaender

Hebrew: ישראל פרידלנדר פרידלנדר
Also Known As: "Friedlander"
Birthplace: Kovel, Poland
Death: July 05, 1920 (43)
Kiev, Ukraine
Place of Burial: Jerusalem, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Pinchas Friedlaender and Gittel Friedlaender
Husband of Lilian Ruth Friedlander
Father of Robert Herzl Friedlaender; Benzion Max Friedlaender; Judith Shoshana Friedlaender; Daniel Balfour Friedlaender; Joy Nechama Goldschmidt and 1 other

Occupation: professor, scholar, author
Managed by: Harris Andrew Shapiro
Last Updated:

About Israel Friedlaender

founding president of Young Judea,several roles in New York and US educational and aid charities

chairman of board of trustees of board of education of jewish community of New York

Education: berlin university hildersheimer rabbinical seminary

Occupation: rabbi educator translator and biblical scholar

Israel Friedlander, also spelled Friedlaender (8 September 1876 – 5 July 1920), was a rabbi, educator, translator, and biblical scholar. Together with Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, he was a founding adviser to a lecture series that became the Young Israel movement of Modern Orthodox Judaism.

Friedlander was born in Włodawa, Poland to Pinchas Friedlander, a cattle dealer, and his wife Gittel, who was 16 years old at the time of his birth. He was the eldest of four children.[2] As a boy, he attended cheder in Warsaw. From 1896 to 1900 he attended Berlin University and the Hildesheimer Rabbinical Seminary, where he received his rabbinic ordination. He received his PhD from the University of Strasbourg in 1901.

His first position was as a privatdozent in Semitic languages at the University of Strasbourg from 1902 to 1903. In October 1903 he came to the Jewish Theological Seminary of America as the Sabato Morais Professor of Biblical Literature and Exegesis, a position he held until his death. He also served as a history instructor at the Teacher's Institute of the Seminary.

A translator and Arabist, Friedlander was fluent in Yiddish, Russian, Babylonian and Assyrian.[3] As his command of English was initially poor, he taught in German during his early years at the Jewish Theological Seminary.[4] He authored, edited and translated numerous works.

He married Lilian Ruth Bentwich of London, England, on 26 September 1905. They had three sons and three daughters] With his marriage, Friedlander became the brother-in-law of Norman Bentwich, the first Attorney-General of Mandate Palestine from 1918 to 1931.

In 1918, Friedlander was invited to travel to Mandate Palestine as the Jewish representative of a Red Cross relief mission.

In January 1920, Friedlander traveled to Poland as part of a four-member commission of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to distribute $35 million to starving Jews in Poland and Ukraine. The US State Department gave its permission for the trip, but would not issue passports or afford any protection to the commission members. On July 5, Friedlander and Rabbi Bernard Cantor were murdered by soldiers of the Red Cavalry near Kamenetz-Podolsk, Ukraine.

After her husband's death, Lilian moved her family back to England; two years later, upon the death of her sister who was living in Palestine, she relocated to her sister's home in Zikhron Ya'akov.

Israel Friedlaender

  • England & Wales, Marriage Index, 1837-2005
  • Marriage date: July-Aug-Sep 1905
  • Marriage place: London City, London, England
  • Spouse (implied): Lilian Ruth Bentwich
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Israel Friedlaender's Timeline

September 8, 1876
Kovel, Poland
December 25, 1906
Age 30
New York City, New York
July 4, 1910
Age 33
July 31, 1915
Age 38
October 4, 1918
Age 42
July 5, 1920
Age 43
Kiev, Ukraine
Jerusalem, Israel