Jacques Archambault

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Jacques Archambault

Also Known As: "Archambeaut"
Birthdate: (84)
Birthplace: Dompierre-sur-Mer, charente-maritime, nouvelle-aquitaine, France
Death: February 15, 1688 (84)
Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Place of Burial: Notre Dame de Montreal, Ile de Montreal
Immediate Family:

Son of Antoine Archambault and Marie-Renée Archambault
Husband of Françoise Toureau and Marie Denot de Lamartinière
Father of Denis Archambault; Anne Archambault; Jacquette-Françoise Archambault; Marie Tessier Lavigne; Marie-Anne Archambault and 2 others
Brother of Catherine Archambault dite Archanges and Anne Archambault

Occupation: Puisatier et colon, WINE FARMER Fermier et viniculteur, Farmer, Laboureur et Vigneron, Labourer & Wine Maker, Laboureur, Vigneron, Farmer and dowser. Immigrant, Laboureur de Vigeron. Immigrant.
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Jacques Archambault

From Wikipedia (English):

Jacques Archambault (c. 1604 – February 15, 1688) was a French colonist in Montreal. He was born in Dompierre-sur-Mer, where he was baptized.

Archambault married (around 1629) Françoise Tourault, with whom he had many children. All Archambaults (and descendants) now living in North America are his descendants, as no other Archambault ever emigrated from France.

A plate in the back of the Pointe-à-Callière Museum of Montreal commemorates his digging the first water well, near what is now known as Place-d'Armes, on October 11, 1658, upon request by Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve.

From FichierOrigine.com:

  • Statut Marié
  • Date de naissance Vers 1604
  • Lieu d'origine: Dompierre-sur-Mer (St-Pierre) (Charente-Maritime)
  • Parents Antoine et Renée Ouvrard
  • Première mention au pays 1646
  • Occupation à l'arrivée Migrant
  • Date de mariage Vers 1629
  • Lieu du mariage Dompierre-sur-Mer (St-Pierre)
  • Conjoint Françoise Tourault
  • Déces ou inhumation Montréal, 15-02-1688

Remarques Quatre enfants sont baptisés à Dompierre-sur-Mer (St-Pierre) : Denis, 12-09-1630 ; Marie, 24-02-1636 ; Louise, 18-03-1640 et Laurent, 10-01-1642. Une plaque commémorative a été apposée dans l'église de Dompierre-sur-Mer en 1988. La date de son mariage à St-Philbert-du-Pont-Charrault le 24-01-1629 tel que citée dans DGFQ est fausse.

From BorgonFamily.com

Archambault History

Archambault is French in origin. Jacques Archambault was born in 1604 in Ladilliere a Dompierre-sur-Mer, Ev. La Rochelle, Aunis, France, where he was a winegrower. In the 1645 he and his wife Francoise Tourault migrated to Montreal, Quebec (settled just 3 years prior) where they rented a farm. It was not a peaceful time in Quebec, with many battles fought against Iroquois Indians in the region - Jacques barely escaped a massacre, while his son Denis was not as lucky. See Jacques Archambault (1604) in the tree for more details.

There are thousands of descendents of Jacques & Francoise Archambault in America and Canada - it is the 7,860th most popular last name in the United States, with a frequency of 0.001%. For comparison, DeWaele is the 64,586th & Thorne is 1,721st. There is a five volume collection by a Pierre Archambault titled "Dictionnaire genealogique des Archambault d'Amerique". The author is currently working on a 6th volume that will include the 11th generation (late 1800s/early 1900s descendants). Our family is probably more closely related to Jacques Archambault than many due to the fact that we evolved from Jacques to Cesaire in only 8 generations, not 10, since we had more years between generations. Several in our Archambault lineage, including Jacques and his son Laurent, survived well into their 80s, considerably beyond the typical life span for that historical period (source: John Thorne).

From Rootsweb:

Jacques Archambault was the son of Antoine Archambault and Renee Ouvrard. He wed Francoise Tourault on January 24, 1629 at Saint-Philibert du Pont-Charault, a locality in Chantonnay, La Roche-sur-Yon and there they brought seven children into the world before sailing across the Atlantic and arriving in New France. The children were Denis (bapt 1630), Anne, Jacquette, Marie (bapt 1636), Louise (bapt 1640), Laurent (bapt 1642), and Marie. In France, he was probably a laborer and also a wine maker as he sold three barrels of white wine to Jerome Bonnevie on August 15, 1637.

The family arrived in Canada in about 1645. Jacques probably had the protection of Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny. When his daughter, Anne, signed her marriage contract in the presence of notary Bancheron on July 22, 1647, Jacques appeared as a servant of Legardeur. Then on the following October 2nd, Repentigy entrusted Jacques with the development of his farm. The five-year lease provided Archambault with 1 dwelling, 2 oxen, 2 cows, 1 heifer, pigs all appraised at a value of 732 livres. Jacques was already in debt to Legardeur. He was committed at this time to pay him 898 livres, 10 sols, upon the return of the ships from France. In addition, "in two years" Jacques must pay 500 livres for "half of the land which he will leave him the first year." As a tenant, Jacques could cut all the firewood he wanted, even sell it, by paying 10 sols a cord. This somewhat complicated contract, signed by notary Lecoustre, means that Jacques had just over-committed himself.

On August 19, 1645, after the death of Legardeur in 1648, Jacque and Jean Juchereau, Sieur de Maure, set up their statement of accounts. Jacques owed his creditor 384 livres, 7 sols.

One fact is certain, on September 15, 1651, at Fort Saint-Louis in Quebec, Louis d'Ailleboust, Governor, ceded to Jacques Archambault, 4 arpents of frontal land "on the river of the great river saint Laurent in the place called le Cap rouge," between Nicolas Pinel and Pierre Gallet. Jean de Lauzon, new governor of office since October 13, 1651, confirmed this act of concession on November 17, 1652.

Here, on November 23, 1654, Jacques bought from Etienne Dumets a house which the latter had built on the Archambault concession. Price: 71 livres. How did Duments property end up on the Archambault land. Eventually, Jacques moved with his family to Montreal. On November 18, 1652, Monsieur de Mainsonneuve, governor of the island, gave Jacques 30 arpents of land joing the city, between son-in-law Urbain Tessier and Lambert Closse, more than an arepnt in the city to the north of Rue Notre-Dame, between the present Rue Saint-Laurent and Rue Saint-Joseph. Father Archange Godbout adds that on February 15, 1654, Jacques committed himself to live at Ville-Marie.

During the winter of 1655, Jacques and several residents of Ville-Marie made a deal with the master surgeon, Etienne Bouchard, who was hired on March 30 to dress and give medications for all sorts of things, illnesses both natural and accidental, except for the plague, to the signers and their family for the yearly amount of 100 sols or 5 livres. This was the first example of health insurance established on the continent. If Archambault was part of the system, it is because he had decided that it was very useful for his family living in the territory.

Finally, on October 11, 1658, Jacques made a transaction with Paul de Chomedey to dig a well, 5 feet in diameter, inside the fort of Ville-Marie, at the Place d'Armes. He guaranteed at least 2 feet of stable water in the bottom of the well. He was promised 300 livres. He had a special talent for digging wells. On June 8, 1659, Father Gabriel de Queylus contacted Jacques. He needed a well "in the garden of the hospital of the said place." Jacques guaranteed the water like a master dowser, "two feet of stable water at least... in the presence of a current of water." The cleric would provide a support of 8 feet of wood, twenty planks, the stone, the lime, the sand, etc. Jacques took care of the ropes and received 300 livres and 10 pots of eau-de-vie in exchange for spring water! Jean Aubuchon and Jacques Millot signed as witnesses to this transaction.

On May 16, 1660, Jacques Leber asked Archambault to dig a well, like the two others which he had already dug, for the use of the community. The depth would be 15 to 18 feet. Promised price: 300 livres and 10 pots of eau-de-vie.

Things were going well. Jacques had work and was highly respected. His children were grown and only Jacquette was living in Quebec. Then his wife, Francoise, fell ill. Doctor Bouchard could do nothing and she was buried on December 9, 1663 at the age of 64. After things settled he married the widow Marie Denot de Lamartiniere. It seems there were no children from this union. According to Faillon, on May 15, 1672, Jacques was among the 29 notable people who initiated the election of mayor Louis Chevalier. In the census of 1681, Jacques and his wife were living in the fief of Verdun, in the neighborhood of Montreal. Etienne Guyotte, a priest and curate of Ville-Marie, signed the death certificate of Jacques Archambault on February 15, 1688.

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Jacques Archambault's Timeline

1604
1604
charente-maritime, nouvelle-aquitaine, France
1604
Dompierre, LaRochelle, Aunis, France
1604
Dompierre, La Rochelle, Aunis, France
1630
September 12, 1630
Age 26
Lardilliere, Dompierre-sur-Mer, LaRochelle, Aunis (Charrente-Maritime), France, Europe
1631
March 8, 1631
Age 27
Lardilliere, Dompierre-sur-Mer, LaRochelle, Aunis (Charente-Maritime), France, Europe
1632
1632
Age 28
Dompierre-sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime, Poitou Charentes, France.
1636
February 24, 1636
Age 32
Dompierre, LaRochelle, Aunis, France
1638
February 24, 1638
Age 34
La Rochelle, Charente-maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France