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James Hutton

Birthdate: (70)
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Death: March 26, 1797 (70)
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Place of Burial: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of William Hutton and Sarah Hutton
Husband of nn Hutton
Father of James Smeaton Hutton
Brother of John Hutton; Jean Hutton; Sarah Hutton; William Hutton and Isobel Hutton

Managed by: Gwyneth McNeil
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About James Hutton

Biographical Summary

Hutton, James. 03/06/1726-26/03/1797. Ref: 784. Male.

  • Place of interment: Greyfriars, Edinburgh.
  • Profession: Physician, Geologist, Chemical Manufacturer, Agriculturalist.
  • Appointments Held: 1752, Farming in East Anglia, 1754-68 Farming in Berwickshire, 1768-resided in Edinburgh.
  • Schools and Tutors: High School, Edinburgh.
  • Training: Apprentice to George Chalmers WS Edinburgh 1743.
  • Undergraduate Studies: Medicine at Edinburgh University 1740-3, 1744-7, Paris University, MD (Leyden 1749).
  • Publications: "The Theory of the Earth: with Proofs and Illustrations" 1795, Bibliography in D R Dean op.cit. 1992, 277-8.
  • Marital Status: Unmarried.
  • Mother: Sarah Balfour.
  • Father: William Hutton, Merchant and City Treasurer of Edinburgh, d.1729.
  • References: DNB 28, 1891, 354-6; Trans Roy Soc Edinb, V, 39, (10/1/1803); Anderson 2, 530-1; Shapin 265; D R Dean James Hutton and the History of Geology, Cornell, 1992, 303pp.; S Devlin-Thorp, Scotland's Cultural Heritage, 1, 1981; A Livingstone, Minerals of Scotland Past And Present, Edinburgh, 2002, 78; W P Anderson 1931, 394-7.
  • Memberships: Royal Society of Agriculture of France.
  • Date of Election: 17/11/1783.
  • Proposers: Founder Member.
  • Service to the RSE: Councillor 1789-90, President (Physical) 1790-6.
  • Edinburgh Philosophical Society: Residential.
  • Notes: "Father of Modern Geology".
  • Fellow Type: OF.

SOURCE: Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Biographical index of former fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783-2002: Biographical Index. I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. page 469

Other References

James Hutton FRSE (/ˈhʌtən/; 3 June 1726 OS (14 June 1726 NS) – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist.[1] He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—which explains the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. Hutton's work established geology as a proper science, and thus he is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology".[2][3]

Through observation and carefully reasoned geological arguments, Hutton came to believe that the Earth was perpetually being formed; he recognised that the history of the Earth could be determined by understanding how processes such as erosion and sedimentation work in the present day. His theories of geology and geologic time,[4] also called deep time,[5] came to be included in theories which were called plutonism and uniformitarianism. Some of his writings anticipated the Gaia hypothesis.

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James Hutton's Timeline

June 3, 1726
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
March 26, 1797
Age 70
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland