James R. Randolph, Sr.

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James R. Randolph, Sr.

Also Known As: "James Richard Randall"
Birthplace: Caswell County, North Carolina, United States
Death: June 17, 1797 (71-72)
Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander Randolph and Margaret Randolph
Husband of 1st wife of James R. Randolph and Mary Randolph
Father of James Randolph; Rebecca Dye; Robert Randolph; William Randolph; Jeremiah Randolph and 2 others
Brother of Mary Elizabeth Dye; Clementine Leggett; Abram Randolph Randall; William Randolph and Alexander Randolph Randall
Half brother of Clementine Leggett

Managed by: William Neal Hodge
Last Updated:

About James R. Randolph, Sr.

Marriage Bond Record

Groom: James Randolph Bride: Mary Dye Bond Date: 12 December 1781 Bondsman/Witness: David Shelton Location: Caswell County, North Carolina Source: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 86.


Name: James Sr. Randolph
State: NC County: Caswell County Township: Richmond District Year: 1777 Database: NC Early Census Index



1790 US Federal Census
Name: James Randolph Home in 1790 (City, County, State): Caswell, North Carolina


List of taxpayers in Caswell County in 1790
No Author Volume 26, Pages 1249-1264 page 1251 Ray, Darling, Reed, George, Randolph, James, Rainey, William, Rainey, Wesarn Waters, Ragsdale, John, Ragsdale, Montgomery, Ragsdale, William, Randolph, James, Jun., https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr26-0053


1781, 20 Dec (Caswell Co., NC Deeds Book A page 657) James Randolph to Abram
Randolph, son, 90 acres on fork of Smith’s Mill Creek adj. Abram Dunaway, Reuben Taylor, William Randolph, Robert Randolph. 1781, 20 Dec (Caswell Co., NC Deeds Book A page 658) James Randolph to William Randolph, son, 90 acres both sides Ann Merrit’s Mill Creek adj. Reubin Taylor, Ann Smith, Mereweather’s fork on Dan River.



Email from Bill Randle, Y-DNA project manager for Randolph y-Dna Project. Six James Randolph male descendants have tested and DNA does not connect this line to any other Randolph line at this time. (FTDNA Randolph surname project: see the yDNA results, Caswell County group; should be freely accessible. Y DNA Haplogroup I M253



Seen as son of Alexander Randolph & Margaret Swearingen

From https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/randolph/3391/

”who were the parents of James Randolph? The Edgecomb County, North Carolina Record Book of Marks and Brands, 1732-1809, mentions one "James Randal, son of Alexander Randal." Since Caswell County is a few counties west of Edgecombe County, it would be consistent for James to have moved from Edgecombe to Caswell, indicating that our James (who is also the right age) was the same James as the son of Alexander. A few family trees on the Internet establish this possibility. I would be interested in anyone who could provide additional documentation proving (or disproving) this.”

Also seen as son of Colonel Richard Randolph, 'of Curles' & Jane Randolph


From https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Randall-1572

Documented in James Randolph's Will of 1791:

  • John Randolph, under age 21 in 1797. probable child by Mary Dye.
  • Nimrod Randolph, under age 21 in 1797. probable child by Mary Dye.
  • Rebecah Randolph, unmarried in 1797, probable child by Mary Dye (see note below)
  • Jeremiah Randolph, probably of age (21) in 1797.
  • Robert Randolph, Older Son
  • William Randolph, Older Son
  • James Randolph Jr. Older Son
  • William Dye. Son-in-Law named as Executor, married to older daughter Rebecah :"Catharine" (Randolph) Dye and sister of Mary Dye.

(2 daughters named Rebecca - one by first wife name unknown and one by second wife - Mary Polly Dye)


The Will of James Randolph, 1797 Caswell County, North Carolina, Superior Court Book C, p 251 October Court 1797

In The Name of God Amen this 15th day of June in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven Hundred and Ninety Seven, I James Randolph Sen'r of the County of Caswell and State of North Carolina being sick and weak of body but of sound Mind and Memory Thanks be given to Almighty God and Calling to Mind The Mortality of my body and uncertainty of this life, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in the following Manner and form - And first I commit my soul into the Hands of Almighty God who gave It and my body to the earth to be decently buried in a Christian Manner; And as for Such Worldly Goods as It hath pleased God to bless me with in this life I dispose of them in the following Manner

  • Imprimise I Give and bequeath to my son John Randolph the land and plantation whereon I now live Containing one Hundred and forty one Acres, when he arrives to the age of Twenty one years, to him and his Heirs and assigns forever, And If he dies without age, Then I leave the land to Nimrod, also five pounds Virginia Money.
  • Item I Give and bequeath to my son Nimrod Randolph my bed which I lie on, Also five pounds Virginia Money, to him his Heirs and assigns forever --
  • Item, I Give and bequeath to my daughter Rebecah Randolph one feather Bed and furniture, Called her bed, and one Half of the pewter belonging to the House and one Cow to her and her Heirs forever --
  • Item I Lend to my Well beloved Wife Mary Randolph all the residue of my estate during her Widowhood, but be It remembered that should my Wife Marry, that then the estate hereby lent to her shall be equally divided between my son Jerremiah Randolph and my son Nimrod -- It is my wish and Desire that If after my death my Wife should die before my Young Children Arrive at age that Robert my son should take his Brother John and raise him and That William should Take Nimrod and raise him to age -- Lastly I constitute Ordain and appoint my beloved son James Randolph and my Son in law William Dye Executors of This my last Will and Testament; and I do hereby revoke and Make Void all Other Will or Wills heretofore by me made ratifying and Confirming this only to be my last Will and Testament.
  • In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this day and Year first above Written -- his James R Randolph {seal}
  • mark
  • Signed Sealed published }
  • pronounced and declared }
  • as the last Will and Testament }
  • of James Randolph in presence
  • of us & each of us
  • A.E. Murphey (Jurat)
  • Wm. Gordon (Jurat)
  • John Carter, x his mark
  • Caswell County
  • The Execution of this Will was duly proved in open Court by the Oaths of :Archibald Murphey and William Gordon Two Subscribing Witnesses and on :Motion Ordered to be recorded at the Same time James Randolph and William :Dye Qualified Executors --
  • Test A.E. Murphey CCC
  • Probate 1798


From Caswell County Historical Association rootweb database last updated Nov 2017

James R. Randolph (died c. 1797)

The middle name has not been confirmed. The middle initial "R" appears in the will set forth below. Some researchers believe it stands for Randall, while others use Richard. Note that some members of this family may have used Randall as a surname. Many wives are ascribed to James R. Randolph, including Margaret Smalley, Frances Bland, Mary Dye, Francis Blanch, and Jane Barnes. Only one, Mary Dye is documented. However, it does appear that James R. Randolph had at least one wife before the marriage to Mary Dye in 1781.

The children of James R. Randolph shown here are based upon his will: John Randolph, Nimrod Randolph, Rebecca Randolph, Jeremiah Randolph, Robert Randolph, William Randolph, and James Randolph. As the testator refers to John Randolph and Nimrod Randolph as his younger children, it is assumed they are by his final wife, Mary Dye. Robert Randolph, William Randolph are referred to as older, and James Randolph is appointed as one of the executors of the will. Thus, they are ascribed to a wife earlier than Mary Dye. Rebecca Randolph is assumed to be one of the older children because she is the wife of co-executor William Dye.

Some researchers show Abraham Randolph and Elizabeth Randolph as children of James R. Randolph. However, those names are not found in his will and will not be shown here as his children.

James R. Randolph's birth date and location are not known. Some show his parents as Alexander Randolph and Margaret Swearinger, but without supporting documentation

Randolph Newsletter, Volume 1 Issue 4 Fall 1999  Transcription of land grant in Caswell County for services rendered to the State.  STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA  To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting.  Know ye that we for and consideration of the sum of fifty shillings for every hundred acres hereby granted paid into our treasury by James Randolph have given and granted by these presents do give and grant unto the said James Randolph a tract of land consisting three hundred sixty acres lying and being in our County of Caswell on the waters of Mill Creek and County Line Creek beginning at a white oak, corner of Abram Dunaway and running thence to west fifty chain to white oak, thence north with Ragsdale's line seventy two chain to a stake on Ann Smith's line thence her line east fifty chain crossing the creek to a pine, thence south seventy two chain to the fist station as by the plat hereunto annexed doth appear together with all Woods Waters or Mines mineral thereon and appurtenanced to the said land belonging and appertaining to the said James Randolph his heirs and assigns forever & yielding and paying to us such sums of money yearly or otherwise as our general assembly from time to time may direct. Provided always that the said James Randolph shall cause this grant to be registered in the register's office of our said county of Caswell within twelve months from date hereof otherwise the same shall be void & of no office. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused our great seal to be hereunto affixed. Witnesseth Richard Caswell, Esq, our Governor Captain General & Commander in Chief at King's. The twentieth Day of December in the fourth year of our Independence & in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred & Seventy Nine. By His Excellency's Command SIGNED BY COL FRANK CURLES AND R. A. CASWELL

See copy in Avatar above



!SOURCES: Letter, Hazel Dye, 1303 Minor St., Greensboro NC 27406 (12 Feb 1985).


!SOURCES: Letter, Hazel Dye, 1303 Minor St., Greensboro NC 27406 (12 Feb 1985).

  • Residence:
                           Caswell County, NC - 1777                        
  • Residence:
                           Caswell, North Carolina, United States - 1790                        
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James R. Randolph, Sr.'s Timeline

Caswell County, North Carolina, United States
Halifax County, Province of Virginia
Caswell County, North Carolina, United States
Caswell County, North Carolina, United States
March 30, 1786
Caswell County, North Carolina, United States