James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
|Also Known As:||"1st Baron Strange"|
|Birthplace:||Knowsley, Lancaster, England|
|Death:||Died in Bolton, Lancaster, England|
|Cause of death:||executed for his part in the Bolton Massacre|
|Place of Burial:||Ormskirk, Lancashire, England|
Son of William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby and Elizabeth de Vere Stanley, Countess of Derby
|Occupation:||7th Earl of Derby|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby KG (31 January 1607 – 15 October 1651) was a supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Born at Knowsley, he is sometimes styled the Great Earl of Derby, eldest son of William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby and Lady Elizabeth de Vere. During his father's life he was known as Lord Strange. Through his paternal grandmother, Lady Margaret Clifford, he descended from Henry VII of England.
After travelling abroad he was chosen Member of Parliament for Liverpool in 1625. On 2 February 1626, James was created a Knight of the Bath on occasion of the coronation of Charles I of England. He was joined with his father the same year as Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire and chamberlain of Chester. He assisted in the administration of the Isle of Man and was appointed in 1627 as Lord of Mann. Subsequently he was appointed lord-lieutenant of North Wales and on 7 March 1628 he was called up to the House of Lords as Baron Strange.
He took no part in the political disputes between king and parliament and preferred country pursuits and the care of his estates to court or public life. Nevertheless when the English Civil War broke out in 1642, Lord Strange devoted himself to the king's cause. By the death of his father on 29 September 1642 he had succeeded to the earldom.
His plan of securing Lancashire at the beginning and raising troops there, which promised success, was however discouraged by Charles, who was said to be jealous of his power and royal lineage and who commanded his presence at Nottingham.
His subsequent attempts to recover the county were unsuccessful. He was unable to get possession of Manchester, was defeated at Chowbent and Lowton Moor, and in 1643 after gaining Preston failed to take Bolton and Lancaster castles. Finally, after successfully beating off Sir William Brereton's attack on Warrington, he was defeated at Whalley and withdrew to York, Warrington in consequence surrendering to the enemy's forces.
In June 1643 he left for the Isle of Man to attend to affairs there, and in the summer of 1644 he took part in Prince Rupert of the Rhine's successful campaign in the north, when Lathom House, where his wife Charlotte de la Tremoille (Lady Derby) had successfully resisted the Siege of Lathom House, was relieved, and Bolton le Moors (now just known as Bolton) taken in what became known as the Bolton Massacre.
He followed Rupert to the Battle of Marston Moor, and after the complete defeat of Charles's cause in the north withdrew to the Isle of Man, where he held out for the king and offered an asylum to royalist fugitives. His administration of the island imitated that of Strafford in Ireland. It was strong rather than just. He maintained order, encouraged trade, remedied some abuses, and defended the people from the exactions of the church; but he crushed opposition by imprisoning his antagonists, and aroused a prolonged agitation by abolishing the tenant-right and introducing leaseholds.
In July 1649 he scornfully refused terms offered to him by Henry Ireton. On 12 January 1650 he obtained the Garter. He was chosen by Charles II to command the troops of Lancashire and Cheshire, and on 15 August 1651 he landed at Wyre Water in Lancashire in support of Charles's invasion, and met the king on 17 August. Proceeding to Warrington he failed to obtain the support of the Presbyterians through his refusal to take the Covenant, and on 25 August was totally defeated at the Battle of Wigan Lane, being severely wounded and escaping with difficulty.
He joined Charles at Worcester; after the battle on 3 September he accompanied him to Boscobel House, and while on his way north alone was captured near Nantwich and given quarter. He was tried by court-martial at Chester on 29 September, and on the grounds he was a traitor and not a prisoner of war under the act of parliament passed in the preceding month, which declared those who corresponded with Charles guilty of treason, his quarter was disallowed and he was condemned to death. When his appeal for pardon to parliament was rejected, though supported by Oliver Cromwell, he endeavoured to escape; but was recaptured by Captain Hector Schofield and executed at Bolton on 15 October 1651 because of his part in the Bolton Massacre. The execution took place outside the Man and Scythe Inn (owned at the time by the Earl of Derby's family). Outside, there is a cross on the site that bears a plaque which relates the stories of Bolton through the ages. However, within the pub itself, there is a chair that the Earl of Derby supposedly sat in before being taken outside to be beheaded, the inscription of which reads "15th October 1651 In this chair James 7th Earl of Derby sat at the Man and Scythe Inn, Churchgate, Bolton immediately prior to his execution". He was buried in Ormskirk church.
Lord Derby was a man of deep religious feeling and of great nobility of character, who though unsuccessful in the field served the king's cause with single-minded purpose and without expectation of reward. His political usefulness was handicapped in the later stages of the struggle by his dislike of the Scots, whom he regarded as guilty of the king's death and as unfit instruments of the restoration. According to Clarendon he was "a man of great honour and clear courage," and his defects the result of too little knowledge of the world.
Lord Derby left in MS. A Discourse concerning the Government of the Isle of Man (printed in the Stanley Papers and in Francis Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, vol. ii.) and several volumes of historical collections, observations, devotions (Stanley Papers) and a commonplace book.
He married on 26 June 1626 Charlotte de la Tremoille (1599–1664), daughter of Claude, duc de Thouars and Charlotte Brabantina of Nassau. Her maternal grandparents were William the Silent and Charlotte de Bourbon. They were parents of four daughters and five sons:
- Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby (1628–1672)
- Lady Charlotte Stanley (died young)
- two sons (died young)
- Lady Henriette Mary Stanley (17 November 1630 – 27 December 1685), married William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford, died without issue
- Lady Amelia Ann Sophia Stanley (1633 – 22 February 1702/3), married John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl.
- Hon. Edward Stanley (7 January 1639 – October 1664), unmarried
- Hon. William Stanley (18 October 1640 – 25 October 1670), unmarried
- Lady Catherine Stanley, married Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, died without issue
Charles' two sons, William, the 9th Earl (c. 1655–1702), and James, the 10th Earl (1664–1736), both died without sons, and consequently, when James died in February 1736, his titles and estates passed to Sir Edward Stanley (1689–1776), a descendant of the 1st earl. The Earls of Derby are his descendants. Meanwhile, the Barony of Strange passed in 1736 to the 2nd Duke of Atholl, grandson of James's daughter Amelia (see above).
- 1.^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Great Bolton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): pp. 243–251, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53037, retrieved 30 January 2010
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Book 2 chap 2 – History of Isle of Man, 1900
- Note 21 – ManxSoc Vol 12 Parr's Abstracts
- A genealogy of the Stanley family
- Stanley's patronage of theatre and/or music: Patrons and Performances Web Site
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stanley,_7th_Earl_of_Derby
- 'James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby1
- 'M, #13885, b. 31 January 1607, d. 15 October 1651
- Last Edited=6 Mar 2011
- Consanguinity Index=0.04%
- 'James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby was born on 31 January 1607.3 He was the son of William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby and Lady Elizabeth de Vere.3 He married Charlotte de la Trémoille, daughter of Claude de la Trémoille, Duc de Thouars and Charlotte von Nassau-Dillenburg, on 26 June 1626.3 He died on 15 October 1651 at age 44 at Bolton, Lancashire, England, decapitated for supporting King Charles II.4
- ' He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Liverpool in 1625.3 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.) in 1626.3 He held the office of Chamberlain of Chester between 1626 and 1647, jointly 1626-42.3 He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Lancashire between 1626 and 1647, jointly 1626-42.3 He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire between 1626 and 1647, jointly 1626-42.3 He was created 1st Lord Strange [England by writ] on 7 March 1627/28, although he was mistakenly given the precedence of 1299.3 He held the Isle of Man for King Charles I during the Civil War.3 He held the office of Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man in 1642.3 He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of North Wales in 1642.3 He succeeded to the title of 7th Earl of Derby [E., 1485] on 29 September 1642.3 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1650.3 His lordship, distinguished by his devoted and heroic attachment to Royalty during the Civil Wars, fell into the hands of the enemy after the Battle of Worcester.
- Children of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte de la Trémoille
- 1.Lady Amelia Anne Sophia Stanley+1 d. 22 Feb 1702/3
- 2.Lady Henrietta Maria Stanley5
- 3.Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby+3 b. 19 Jan 1628, d. 21 Dec 1672
- 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 316. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1102. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- 4.[S102] Roglo Geneweb Website, online <http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=en>. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Geneweb Website.
- 5.[S22] Sir Bernard Burke, C.B. LL.D., A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new edition (1883; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978), page 577. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Extinct Peerage.
- From: http://thepeerage.com/p1389.htm#i13885
- 'James Stanley1
- 'M, b. 31 January 1607, d. 15 October 1651
- ' James Stanley was also known as Earl of Derby (7th). He His lordship, distinguished by his devoted and heroic attachment to Royalty + during the Civil Wars, fell into the hands of the enemy after the Battle of + Worcester, and suffered decapitation, at Bolton. He was born on 31 January 1607. He was the son of William Stanley and Elizabeth Vere. James Stanley married Charlotte Tremoille on 26 June 1626. James Stanley died on 15 October 1651 at Bolton, Lancashire, England, at age 44.
- 'Child of James Stanley and Charlotte Tremoille
- ◦Amelia Sophia Stanley+2 b. 1633, d. 22 Feb 1702/3
- 1.[S126] , 519.
- 2.[S137] Timothy Field Beard J. Orton Buck Jr, Charlemagne's Descendants-III, vII p14.
- From: http://www.charlemagne.org/p86.htm#i2839