Jaume el Temerari, rei de Mallorca

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Jaume III 'el Temerari' de Mallorca, rei de Mallorca

Birthplace: Catania, Sicily, Italy
Death: Died in Llucmajor, Balearic Islands, Spain
Cause of death: killed in battle
Immediate Family:

Son of Ferdinand of Majorca and Isabelle de Sabran, Lady of Ansouis
Husband of Violant de Vilaragut, Reina consorte de Mallorca and Constança d'Aragó, reina consort de Mallorca
Father of Esclarmunda de Mallorca; Jaume IV, Rei de Mallorca and Elisabet I, Reina titular de Mallorca
Half brother of Ferrán de Mallorca, Vizconde de Omelas

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About Jaume el Temerari, rei de Mallorca


JAIME III 1324-1343

Infante don JAIME de Mallorca, son of Infante don FERNANDO de Mallorca, Prince of Achaia & his first wife Isabelle de Sabran (Catania 15 Apr 1315-killed in battle Lluchmayor 25 Oct 1349). The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records that Sancho King of Mallorca left his kingdom to "Don Jayme fillo de su hermano Don Ferrando qui murió en Grecia"[363]. He succeeded his uncle in 1324 as don JAIME III King of Mallorca, Comte de Roussillon, Conde de Cerdanya, Sire de Montpellier, Barón de Ompelas. His succession was at first not recognised by don Jaime II King of Aragon. He claimed the principality of Achaia, based on the dubious rights inherited from his mother, called himself Prince of Achaia but did nothing to press his claim[364]. After reluctantly swearing allegiance to his brother-in-law Pedro IV King of Aragon in 1339, King Jaime III allied himself with Abu al-Hassan Sultan of Morocco during the latter's invasion 1340. King Jaime III also disputed French suzerainty over Montpellier, antagonising Philippe VI King of France, who threatened to attack. Calling on Pedro IV's help, Jaime III refused Pedro's summons to attend a Cort in Barcelona. Declaring Mallorca, Roussillon and Cerdanya confiscated in Feb 1343, Pedro IV King of Aragon annexed these territories 29 Mar 1343 and invaded Mallorca in May. King Jaime III surrendered to King Pedro in 1344, was imprisoned but subsequently escaped. Having retained Montpellier (for which he was still vassal of the King of France), he sold the town to France in 1349 for 12,000 gold talaris. With the proceeds of sale, he financed an attack on Mallorca but was killed in battle and his wife and children captured by the Aragonese[365].

m firstly (Perpignan 24 Sep 1336) Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, daughter of don ALFONSO IV King of Aragon & his first wife doña Teresa de Entenza Condesa de Urgel ([1318]-Montpellier 1346). The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "Costancia" as the daughter of Alfonso IV King of Aragon and his wife Teresa, stating that she was the wife "del rey Don Jayme de Mallorquas"[366].

m secondly (contract 10 Nov 1347) as her first husband, VIOLANTE de Vilaragut, daughter of BERENGUER de Vilaragut & his second wife doña Saura de Mallorca (-before 1372). She was captured by don Pedro IV King of Aragon after the battle in which her husband was killed, and confined to the convent of the Clarissans at Valencia with her stepdaughter[367]. She was released, or escaped, in 1352. She married secondly (1352) as his first wife, Otto Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, the marriage being arranged by Jean II King of France, her new husband's friend, who also gave her the town of Omélas as her dowry[368]. She lived at Casale with her second husband, at the court of Giovanni II Paleologo Marchese di Monferrato, who married her stepdaughter. She lost Omélas in 1362.

James III of Majorca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James III (also Jaume or Jaime; 1315 – 25 October 1349), called the Rash or the Unfortunate, son of Ferdinand of Majorca and Isabelle de Sabran, heiress of Principality of Achaea, was the King of Majorca from 1324 to 1344. He was the last independent king of Majorca of the House of Barcelona.

James was born at Catania. At the death of his mother in 1315, he was proclaimed Prince of Achaia under the guardianship of his father, who brought the unruly principality under control, but was killed in 1316. From 1331 the feudal lords of Achaia began to recognise the rights of James, and in 1333 the recognition was total, though the heirs of Philip I of Taranto continued to press their claim.

Upon the death of his uncle Sancho in 1324, James took over Majorca, being the grandson of James II. In order to establish friendly relations with the Crown of Aragon, he married Constança, daughter of Alfonso IV of Aragon. Though the kings of Majorca traditionally swore an oath of fealty to the kings of Aragon, James claimed that no king could have lordship over any other king. He patronised the University of Montpellier, which lay within his continental domains, and the legal scholars of that institution defended his rights as king.

On 9 May 1337 James promulgated the Leges palatinae, an elaborate code for his court and the first of its kind.[1] For it he commissioned a fine illuminated manuscript in an Italian style, which he himself preserved when he lost his throne. He brought it to the Papal curia, then sold it to Philip VI of France. It was to have an important influence on Aragonese and possibly even Burgundian court functions.

In 1342 James refused to render the oath of fealty to his cousin Peter IV of Aragon. He was supported, however, by the doctors of the University of Montpellier and by an Aragonese troubadour, Thomàs Périz de Fozes, who wrote a poem in his defence. In a short war (1343–44) he was driven out of Majorca by Peter, who reannexed the Balearic Islands to the Crown. He died at the Battle of Llucmajor on 25 October 1349 while trying to retake the island.

His heir was his son, James IV, who ruled in Achaia and was a claimant to Majorca. James IV died childless and James III's daughter, Isabel, inherited the family's claims.


David Abulafia (1994), A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 89405 0.

Thomas N. Bisson (2000), The Medieval Crown of Aragon: A Short History (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

G. Kerscher, The first European ceremonial manuscript—Leges Palatinae—and its relevance for the Mediterranean area, University of Trier.

Marta Vanlandingham (2002), Transforming the State: King, Court and Political Culture in the Realms of Aragon (1213–1387)," (BRILL, ISBN 9 004 12743 7.


^ Malcolm Vale (2004), The Princely Court: Medieval Courts and Culture in North-West Europe, 1270–1380, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0 199 26993 9), 202–3.

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Jaume el Temerari, rei de Mallorca's Timeline

April 15, 1315
Catania, Sicily, Italy
Age 20
Age 21
Age 32
October 25, 1349
Age 34
Llucmajor, Balearic Islands, Spain