John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe

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John Ker

Birthdate: (60)
Death: February 27, 1740 (56-64)
Floors Castle
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Ker, 3rd Earl of Roxburghe and Lady Margaret Hay, Countess of Roxburghe
Husband of Mary Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe
Father of Robert Ker, 2nd Duke of Roxburghe
Brother of Robert Ker, 4th Earl of Roxburghe and William Ker

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:

About John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe,_1st_Duke_of_Roxburghe

John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe, PC, FRS (c. 1680–1741) was the second son of Robert Ker, 3rd Earl of Roxburghe, and Margaret Hay, daughter of John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale. He was younger brother to Robert Ker, 4th Earl of Roxburghe.

John became 5th Earl of Roxburghe on the death of his brother Robert in 1696. In 1704 he was made a Secretary of State of Scotland, and he helped to bring about the union with England, being created Duke of Roxburghe in 1707 for his services in this connection. This was the last creation in the Scottish peerage. On 28 May 1707, he was admitted a FRS.

The duke was a representative peer for Scotland in four parliaments. George I made him a privy councillor and Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland, and he was loyal to the king during the Jacobite rising in 1715. He served as Secretary of State for Scotland in the British Parliament from 1716 to 1725, but he opposed the malt tax, and in 1725 Sir Robert Walpole procured his dismissal from office. In Apr 1727 he was one of the six pall-bearers of Sir Isaac Newton's coffin at Westminster Abbey. He was one of the original governors of the Foundling Hospital, a charity created by royal charter on 17 October 1739.

He died on 24 February 1741. His only son, Robert (c.1709–1755), who had been created Earl Ker of Wakefield in 1722, became 2nd duke.

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John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe's Timeline

Age 44
February 27, 1740
Age 60
Floors Castle