János Péter Johann Weißmüller
Hebrew: פיטר יוהן וייסמילר
|Also Known As:||"יואהן Johann"|
|Birthplace:||Szabadfalu, Timisoara, Timis, Romania|
|Death:||Died in Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico|
|Cause of death:||pulmonary edema|
|Place of Burial:||Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico|
Son of Peter Weissmüller and Elisabetha Kersch
|Managed by:||George J. Homs|
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About Johnny Weissmuller
American swimmer (Olympic gold-medalist) and actor, known as the 'original Tarzan'. (For more information, see Wikipedia...)
- Johnny Weissmuller was born in 1904 in Hungary, which then was part of the Austrian-Hungarian empire. His father Petrus was an officer in the army; his mother Elisabeth Kresch worked in a tobacco factory. His godparents were Janos Borstner and Kathariina Erbesz. As an infant, Johnny emigrated with his parents to the United states. They sailed from Rotterdam on the S.S. Rotterdam on January 14, 1905, and arrived at Ellis Island in New York harbor twelve days later.
- Johnny was encouraged to pick up swimming as a therapy for polio, which he was diagnosed with at age nine. At the age of 18, he broke his first world record, in the 100-meters freestyle. Between 1922-1928, he won five Olympic gold medals and one bronze medal, fifty-two United States National Championships, and set sixty-seven world records. He never lost a race and retired with an unbeaten Amateur record. His Olympic medals include...
- 1924 Paris Olympics: gold in the 100m freestyle
- 1924 Paris Olympics: gold in the 400m freestyle
- 1924 Paris Olympics: gold in the 4x200m freestyle
- 1928 Amsterdam Olympics: gold in the 100m freestyle
- 1928 Amsterdam Olympics: gold in the 4x200m freestyle
- In 1929, Johnny Weissmuller embarked on a Hollywood acting career that ran through 1954. He became best know for being the 'original Tarzan' (and for the famous 'Tarzan call'), and the role of 'Jungle Jim'.
- Later in life, he invested in (unsuccessful) business ventures that ultimately left him broke.
- Johnny Weissmuller married five times, and had three children from his third wife, Beryl Scott. He also adopted the daughter of his fifth wife Maria Bauman.
מתחרה עבור Flag of the United States.svg ארצות הברית
1896: אלפרד האיוש Flag of Hungary.svg • 1904: 100 (יארד) זולטאן הלמיי Flag of Hungary.svg • 1908: צ'ארלס דניאלס Flag of the United States.svg • 1912: דיוק קהנמוקו Flag of the United States.svg • 1920: דיוק קהנמוקו Flag of the United States.svg • 1924: ג'וני וייסמילר Flag of the United States.svg • 1928: ג'וני וייסמילר Flag of the United States.svg • 1932: יאסוג'י מיאזאקי Flag of Japan.svg • 1936: פרנץ צ'יק Flag of Hungary.svg • 1948: וולטר ריס Flag of the United States.svg • 1952: קלארק שולס Flag of the United States.svg • 1956: ג'ון הנריקס Flag of Australia.svg • 1960: ג'ון דוויט Flag of Australia.svg • 1964: דון שולנדר Flag of the United States.svg • 1968: מייקל ונדן Flag of Australia.svg • 1972: מארק ספיץ Flag of the United States.svg • 1976: ג'ים מונטגומרי Flag of the United States.svg • 1980: ירג וייתה Flag of East Germany.svg • 1984: ראודי גיינס Flag of the United States.svg • 1988: מאט ביונדי Flag of the United States.svg • 1992: אלכסנדר פופוב Flag of Russia.svg • 1996: אלכסנדר פופוב Flag of Russia.svg • 2000: פיטר ואן דן הוחנבאנד Flag of the Netherlands.svg • 2004: פיטר ואן דן הוחנבאנד Flag of the Netherlands.svg • 2008: אלן ברנאר Flag of France.svg • 2012: נתן אדריאן Flag of the United States.svg 1904: (440 יארד) צ'ארלס דניאלס Flag of the United States.svg • 1906: אוטו שיף Flag of Austria.svg • 1908: הנרי טיילור Flag of the United Kingdom.svg • 1912: ג'ורג' הודג'סון Flag of Canada.svg • 1920: נורמן רוס Flag of the United States.svg • 1924: ג'וני וייסמילר Flag of the United States.svg • 1928: אלברטו סוריז'ה Flag of Argentina.svg • 1932: באסטר קרייב Flag of the United States.svg • 1936: ג'ק מדיקה Flag of the United States.svg • 1948: ביל סמית' Flag of the United States.svg • 1952: ז'אן בואטו Flag of France.svg • 1956: מוריי רוז Flag of Australia.svg • 1960: מוריי רוז Flag of Australia.svg • 1964: דון שולנדר Flag of the United States.svg • 1968: מייק ברטון Flag of the United States.svg • 1972: בראד קופר Flag of Australia.svg • 1976: בריאן גודל Flag of the United States.svg • 1980: ולדימיר סלניקוב Flag of the Soviet Union.svg • 1984: ג'ורג' דיקארלו Flag of the United States.svg • 1988: אווה דסלר Flag of East Germany.svg • 1992: יבגני סאדוביי Flag of Russia.svg • 1996: דניון לואדר Flag of New Zealand.svg • 2000: איאן ת'ורפ Flag of Australia.svg • 2004: איאן ת'ורפ Flag of Australia.svg • 2008: פארק טאי-הוואן Flag of South Korea.svg 2012: סון יאנג Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Johnny Weissmuller From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Johnny Weissmuller Johny Weissmuller-publicity.JPG Johnny Weissmuller, 1940 Born Peter Johann Weißmüller June 2, 1904 Freidorf, Temes County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Romania) Died January 20, 1984 (aged 79) Acapulco, Mexico Years active 1929–1976 Spouse(s) Maria Brock Mandell Bauman (1963–1984; his death) Allene Gates (1948–1962) Beryl Scott (1939–1948; 3 children) Lupe Vélez (1933–1939) Bobbe Arnst (1931–1933) Johnny Weissmuller (born Peter Johann Weissmüller; June 2, 1904 – January 20, 1984) was an Austro-Hungarian-American competition swimmer and actor best known for playing Tarzan in films of the 1930s and 1940s and for having one of the best competitive swimming records of the 20th century. Weissmuller was one of the world's fastest swimmers in the 1920s, winning five Olympic gold medals for swimming and one bronze medal for water polo. He won fifty-two US National Championships, set sixty-seven world records and was purportedly undefeated in official competition for the entirety of his competitive career. After his swimming career, he became the sixth actor to portray Edgar Rice Burroughs's ape man, Tarzan, a role he played in twelve motion pictures. Dozens of other actors have also played Tarzan, but Weissmuller is by far the best known. His character's distinctive Tarzan yell is still often used in films. Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Careers 2.1 Swimming 2.2 Films 2.3 After films 3 Personal life 3.1 Declining health and death 4 Influence 5 Filmography 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links Early life
Weissmüller was an ethnic German, born to Peter Weissmüller and his wife Elisabeth Kersch, who were both Banat Swabians. His generally accepted birthplace was in the Freidorf (Szabadfalu) suburb of the current city of Timişoara (German: Temeschburg, Hungarian: Temesvár) in the Kingdom of Hungary in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The village is now in Romania. However, the ship's roster from his family's arrival at Ellis Island lists his birthplace as Párdány, Kingdom of Hungary, in what is today a village in Serbia, not far from the Romanian border. According to his son (Johnny Jr), Johnny (senior) was named Peter by his parents; but, once he began to be successful as a swimmer, he formally used his brother's name, Johnny, because his brother John was, by birth, a US citizen (and had official records that verified this fact), and Peter was not (this was done so that non-citizen Peter could represent USA in the Olympics). The records of St Rochus Church in Freidorf show that Johann, son of Peter Weissmüller and Elizabeth Kersch, was baptized there on 6 May 1904. The passenger manifest of the S.S. Rotterdam, which arrived in New York on 26 January 1905, lists Peter Weissmüller, a 29-year-old laborer, his 24-year-old wife Elisabeth, and seven-month-old Johann. The family is listed as Germans, last residence (Timișoara). They intended to join their brother-in-law Johann Ott of Windber, Pennsylvania. On November 5, 1905, Johann Peter Weissmüller was baptized at St John Cantius Catholic Church in Windber. In the 1910 census, Peter and Elizabeth Weisenmüller as well as John and Eva Ott were living at 1521 Cleveland Ave in the 22nd Ward of Chicago, with sons John, age six, born in Temesvár and Peter Jr., age five, erroneously entered as born in Illinois. Peter Weissmüller and John Ott were both brewers, Ott emigrating in 1902, Weissmüller in 1904. The ethnic group known as Banat Swabians had lived for several centuries in that region and developed a distinctive dialect and cultural traits.
Ralph Breyer, Bob Skelton, Johnny Weissmuller. c. 1925 When Weissmüller was a small child, the family emigrated to the United States aboard the S.S. Rotterdam as steerage passengers. They left Rotterdam on January 14, 1905, and arrived at Ellis Island in New York harbor twelve days later as Peter, Elisabeth and Johann Weissmüller. The passenger list records them as ethnic Germans and citizens of Austria-Hungary. After a brief stay in Chicago visiting relatives, they moved to the coal mining town of Windber, Pennsylvania. (For most of Weissmüller's career, show business biographies incorrectly listed him as having been born in Pennsylvania. Some sources[who?] state that Weissmüller lied about his birthplace to ensure his place on the US Olympic swimming team.) Peter Weissmuller worked as a miner, and his youngest son, Peter Weissmüller, Jr., was born in Windber on 3 September 1905. Peter Jr. is listed on one census as born in Illinois. At age nine, Weissmüller contracted polio. At the suggestion of his doctor, he took up swimming to help battle the disease. After the family moved from Western Pennsylvania to Chicago, Weissmüller continued swimming and eventually earned a spot on the YMCA swim team. According to draft registration records for World War I, Peter and Elizabeth were apparently still together as late as 1917. On his paperwork, Peter was listed as a brewer, working for the Elston and Fullerton Brewery. He and his family were living at 226 West North Avenue in Chicago. In his book, Tarzan, My Father, Johnny Weissmuller Jr. stated that although rumors of Peter Weissmüller living to "a ripe old age, remarrying along the way and spawning a large brood of little Weissmüllers" were reported, no one in the family was aware of his ultimate fate. Peter signed his consent for 19-year old John "Weissmuller"'s passport application in 1924, preceding Johnny's Olympic competition in France. In the 1930 federal census, Elizabeth Weissmüller, age 49, has listed with her, sons John P. and Peter J., and Peter's wife Dorothy. Elizabeth is listed as a widow. Careers
Swimming Johnny Weissmuller Medal record Men's swimming Competitor for the United States Olympic Games Gold 1924 Paris 100 m freestyle Gold 1924 Paris 400 m freestyle Gold 1924 Paris 4 x 200 m freestyle Gold 1928 Amsterdam 100 m freestyle Gold 1928 Amsterdam 4 x 200 m freestyle Men's water polo Bronze 1924 Paris Team As a teen, Weissmuller attended Lane Technical College Prep High School before dropping out to work various jobs including a stint as a lifeguard at a Lake Michigan beach. While working as an elevator operator and bellboy at the Illinois Athletic Club, Weissmuller caught the eye of swim coach William Bachrach. Bachrach trained Weissmuller and in August 1921, Weissmuller won the national championships in the 50-yard and 220-yard distances. Though he was foreign-born, Weissmuller gave his birthplace as Tanneryville, Pennsylvania, and his birth date as that of his younger brother, Peter Weissmuller. This was to ensure his eligibility to compete as part of the United States Olympic team, and was a critical issue in being issued an US passport. (This comment seems to be contradicted by data on his actual passport application—on his 1924 passport application, he listed his date of birth as June 2, 1904, and his place of birth as Windbar, Pennsylvania. His father, Peter signed an affidavit to this effect, giving his 19-year-old son permission to travel abroad to participate in the Paris Olympics and for other competitions in England and Belgium. His passport was issued in May, 1924.) On July 9,1922, Weissmuller broke Duke Kahanamoku's world record on the 100-meters freestyle, swimming it in 58.6 seconds. He won the title for that distance at the 1924 Summer Olympics, beating Kahanamoku for the gold. He also won the 400-meters freestyle and the 4 x 200 meters relay. As a member of the US water polo team, he also won a bronze medal. Four years later, at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, he won another two Olympic titles. It was during this period that Weissmuller became an enthusiast for John Harvey Kellogg's holistic lifestyle views on nutrition, enemas and exercise. He came to Kellogg's Battle Creek, Michigan sanatorium to dedicate its new 120-foot swimming pool, and would go on to break one of his own previous swimming record after adopting the vegetarian diet prescribed by Kellogg. In all, he won five Olympic gold medals and one bronze medal, fifty-two United States National Championships, and set sixty-seven world records. He never lost a race and retired with an unbeaten Amateur record. In 1950, he was selected by the Associated Press as the greatest swimmer of the first half of the 20th Century. Weissmuller would later, upon moving to the prosperous Bel Air section of Los Angeles, California, (specifically to an area known today as East Gate Bel Air), famously commission architect Paul Williams to design a large home with a 300-foot serpentine swimming pool that curled around the house (and which still exists to this day). Films
Weissmuller with an unidentified actress in Glorifying the American Girl (1929) In 1929, Weissmuller signed a contract with BVD to be a model and representative. He traveled throughout the country doing swim shows, handing out leaflets promoting that brand of swimwear, signing autographs and going on radio. In that same year, he made his first motion picture appearance as an Adonis, wearing only a fig leaf, in a movie entitled Glorifying the American Girl. He appeared as himself in the first of several Crystal Champions movie shorts featuring Weissmuller and other Olympic champions at Silver Springs, Florida. He co-starred with Esther Williams in Billy Rose's Aquacade during the New York World's Fair 1939–41, pursuing her throughout a span of two years. His acting career began when he signed a seven-year contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and played the role of Tarzan in Tarzan the Ape Man (1932). The movie was a huge success and Weissmuller became an overnight international sensation. The author of Tarzan, Edgar Rice Burroughs, was pleased with Weissmuller, although he so hated the studio's depiction of a Tarzan who barely spoke English that he created his own concurrent Tarzan series filmed on location in Central American jungles and starring Herman Brix as a suitably articulate version of the character. Weissmuller starred in six Tarzan movies for MGM with actress Maureen O'Sullivan as Jane and Cheeta the Chimpanzee. The last three also included Johnny Sheffield as Boy. Then, in 1942, Weissmuller went to RKO and starred in six more Tarzan movies with markedly reduced production values. Unlike MGM, RKO allowed Weissmuller to play other roles, though a three picture contract with Pine-Thomas Productions led to only one film, Swamp Fire, being made, co-starring Buster Crabbe. Sheffield appeared as Boy in the first five features for RKO. Another co-star was Brenda Joyce, who played Jane in Weissmuller's last four Tarzan movies. In a total of twelve Tarzan films, Weissmuller earned an estimated $2,000,000 and established himself as what many consider the definitive Tarzan. Although not the first Tarzan in movies (that honor went to Elmo Lincoln), he was the first to be associated with the now traditional ululating, yodeling Tarzan yell. (During an appearance on television's The Mike Douglas Show in the 1970s, Weissmuller explained how the famous yell was created. Recordings of three vocalists were spliced together to get the effect—a soprano, an alto, and a hog caller). When Weissmuller finally left that role, he immediately traded his loincloth costume for a slouch hat and safari suit for the role of Jungle Jim (1948) for Columbia. He made thirteen Jungle Jim films between 1948 and 1954. According to actor Michael Fox, Weissmuller would shoot two Jungle Jim films back to back with nine days filming for each with a break of two days between, then he would return to his home in Mexico. Within the next year due to the rights of the name "Jungle Jim" being taken by Screen Gems, he appeared in three more jungle movies, playing himself. In 1955, he began production of the Jungle Jim television adventure series for Screen Gems, a film subsidiary of Columbia. His costars were Martin Huston and Dean Fredericks. The show produced only twenty-six episodes, which were subsequently played repeatedly on network and syndicated television. Aside from a first screen appearance as Adonis and the role of Johnny Duval in the 1946 film Swamp Fire, Weissmuller played only three roles in films during the heyday of his Hollywood career: Tarzan, Jungle Jim, and himself. After films Question book-new.svg This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2012) According to David Wallechinsky's Complete Book of the Olympics, while playing in a celebrity golf tournament in Cuba in 1958, Weissmuller's golf cart was suddenly captured by rebel soldiers. Weissmuller sized up the situation, got out of the cart and gave his trademark Tarzan yell. The shocked rebels soon began to jump up and down, calling "Tarzan! Welcome to Cuba!" Johnny and his companions were not only not kidnapped, but were given a rebel escort to the golf course. However, Weissmuller didn't do the yell himself for the movies so the anecdote is dubious. He was an accomplished amateur golfer and played in two official PGA Tour tournaments, at the 1937 Western Open at Canterbury Golf Club outside Cleveland (87-85=172, missed the cut) and the 1948 Hawaiian Open (79-75-79-76=309) to finish in 37th place. In the late 1950s, Weissmuller moved back to Chicago and started a swimming pool company. He lent his name to other business ventures, but did not have a great deal of success. He retired in 1965 and moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, where he was Founding Chairman of the International Swimming Hall of Fame. In September 1966, Weissmuller joined former screen Tarzans James Pierce and Jock Mahoney to appear with Ron Ely as part of the publicity for the upcoming premiere of the Tarzan TV series. The producers also approached Weissmuller to guest star as Tarzan's father, but nothing came of it. In the late 60s, early 70s, Weissmuller was involved with a doomed tourist attraction called Tropical/Florida Wonderland, aka Tarzan's Jungleland, on US 1 in Titusville, Florida. It was a last-ditch effort to transform Florida Wonderland into something much bigger. It failed when Weissmuller and the owners did not see eye to eye, it was shut down for good in 1973. His face appeared in the collage on the iconic front cover of The Beatles' 1967 record album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Based on his interest in natural lifestyles, Weissmuller opened a small chain of health food stores called Johnny Weissmuller's American Natural Foods in California in 1969. In 1970, he attended the British Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh, where he was presented to Queen Elizabeth II. That same year, he made an appearance with former co-star Maureen O'Sullivan in The Phynx (1970). Weissmuller lived in Florida until the end of 1973, then moved to Las Vegas, Nevada, where he worked as a greeter at Caesars Palace along with boxer Joe Louis for a time. In 1976, he appeared for the last time in a motion picture, playing a movie crewman who is fired by a movie mogul, played by Art Carney, in Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood, and he also made his final public appearance in that year when he was inducted into the Body Building Guild Hall of Fame. Personal life
Weissmuller had five wives: band and club singer Bobbe Arnst (married 1931 – divorced 1933); actress Lupe Vélez (married 1933 – divorced 1938); Beryl Scott (married 1939 – divorced 1948); Allene Gates (married 1948 – divorced 1962); and Maria Baumann (married 1963 – his death 1984). With his third wife, Beryl, he had three children, Johnny Weissmuller, Jr. (September 23, 1940 – July 27, 2006), Wendy Anne Weissmuller (b. June 1, 1942), and Heidi Elizabeth Weissmuller (July 31, 1944 – November 19, 1962). Declining health and death In 1974, Weissmuller broke both his hip and leg, marking the beginning of years of declining health. While hospitalized he learned that, in spite of his strength and lifelong daily regimen of swimming and exercise, he had a serious heart condition. In 1977, Weissmuller suffered a series of strokes. In 1979, he entered the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California for several weeks before moving with his last wife, Maria, to Acapulco, Mexico, the location of his last Tarzan movie. On January 20, 1984, Weissmuller died from pulmonary edema at the age of 79. He was buried just outside Acapulco, Valle de La Luz at the Valley of the Light Cemetery. As his coffin was lowered into the ground, a recording of the Tarzan yell he invented was played three times, at his request. Influence
His former co-star and movie son, Johnny Sheffield, wrote of him, "I can only say that working with Big John was one of the highlights of my life. He was a Star (with a capital "S") and he gave off a special light and some of that light got into me. Knowing and being with Johnny Weissmuller during my formative years had a lasting influence on my life." For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Johnny Weissmuller has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6541 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, facing the star of Maureen O'Sullivan. In 1973, Weissmuller was awarded The George Eastman Award, given by George Eastman House for distinguished contribution to the art of film. Filmography
Johnny Weissmuller in Film Year Film Role Notes 1929 Glorifying the American Girl Adonis Cameo appearance in the segment "Loveland" 1931 Swim or Sink Himself Short subject Water Bugs Himself Short subject 1932 Tarzan the Ape Man Tarzan The Human Fish Himself Short subject 1934 Tarzan and His Mate Tarzan 1936 Tarzan Escapes Tarzan 1939 Tarzan Finds a Son! Tarzan 1941 Tarzan's Secret Treasure Tarzan 1942 Tarzan's New York Adventure Tarzan 1943 Tarzan Triumphs Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan Triumphs Tarzan's Desert Mystery Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan's Desert Mystery Stage Door Canteen Himself 1945 Tarzan and the Amazons Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Amazons 1946 Tarzan and the Leopard Woman Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Leopard Woman Swamp Fire Johnny Duval 1947 Tarzan and the Huntress Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Huntress 1948 Tarzan and the Mermaids Tarzan Complete title: Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Mermaids Jungle Jim Jungle Jim 1948 The Lost Tribe Jungle Jim 1950 Mark of the Gorilla Jungle Jim Captive Girl Jungle Jim Alternative title: Jungle Jim and the Captive Girl Jungle Jim in Pygmy Island Jungle Jim Alternative title: Pygmy Island 1951 Fury of the Congo Jungle Jim Jungle Manhunt Jungle Jim 1952 Jungle Jim in the Forbidden Land Jungle Jim Voodoo Tiger Jungle Jim 1953 Savage Mutiny Jungle Jim Valley of Head Hunters Jungle Jim Killer Ape Jungle Jim 1954 Jungle Man-Eaters Jungle Jim Cannibal Attack Johnny Weissmuller 1955 Jungle Moon Men Johnny Weissmuller Devil Goddess Johnny Weissmuller 1970 The Phynx Himself 1976 Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood Stagehand #2 Television Year Title Role Notes 1956–1958 Jungle Jim (TV series) Jungle Jim 27 episodes See also
Portal icon Biography portal Portal icon Olympics portal Portal icon Swimming portal List of athletes with Olympic medals in different disciplines List of multiple Olympic gold medalists List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games List of multi-sport athletes List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men) World record progression 100 metres freestyle World record progression 200 metres freestyle World record progression 400 metres freestyle World record progression 800 metres freestyle World record progression 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay References
Jump up ^  Jump up ^ "Interview with Johnny Weissmuller, Jr.". germanhollywood.com. Jump up ^ "Johnny Weissmuller." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Jump up ^ France-Presse, Agence (2007-02-17). "Serbia: Monument to Tarzan". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2010. Jump up ^ "Businessweek report." Jump up ^ Great Lives (BBC4): Johnny Weissmuller (9 May 2006). Jump up ^ Arlene Mueller (August 6, 1984). "Johnny Weissmuller Made Olympian Efforts To Conceal His Birthplace". Sports Illustrated. ^ Jump up to: a b Rasmussen, Frederick N. (2008-08-17). "From the pool to Hollywood stardom". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2008-10-09. ^ Jump up to: a b Tarzan, My Father. Burroughs, Danton. ECW Press. 2002. pp. 25–28. ISBN 1-55022-522-7. |coauthors= requires |author= (help) Jump up ^ The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge: A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind. Macmillan. 2007. p. 943. ISBN 0-312-37659-6. |coauthors= requires |author= (help) Jump up ^ Christopher, Paul J.; Smith, Alicia Marie (2006). Greatest Sports Heroes of All Times: North American Edition. Encouragement Press, LLC. p. 204. ISBN 1-933766-09-3. Jump up ^ Kirsch, George B.; Othello, Harris; Nolte, Claire Elaine (2000). Encyclopedia of Ethnicity and Sports in the United States. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 488. ISBN 0-313-29911-0. Jump up ^ Schaefer, Richard A (2005). "Chapter Thirteen" THE FIVE-HUNDRED-DOLLAR SEED". LEGACY: Daring to Care: the heritage of Loma Linda. Jump up ^ Simonton, Dean Keith (1994). Greatness: Who Makes History and Why. Guilford Press. p. 156. ISBN 0-89862-201-8. Jump up ^ "Johnny Weissmuller Residence/Nicolosi Estate, Los Angeles, CA." Paul Revere Williams Project website Jump up ^ The Million Dollar Mermaid: An Autobiography, By Esther Williams, Digby Diehl, Published by Harcourt Trade, 2000, ISBN 0-15-601135-2, ISBN 978-0-15-601135-8. Jump up ^ pp.106-107 Weaver, Tom Michael Fox Interview in It Came From Horrorwood: Interviews With Moviemakers In The Science Fiction And Horror Tradition McFarland, 2004 Jump up ^ Richmond, Akasha (2006). Hollywood Dish: More Than 150 Delicious, Healthy Recipes from Hollywood's Chef to the Stars. Penguin. ISBN 1440628149. Jump up ^ Weissmuller, Johnny (2008). Tarzan, My Father. ECW Press. p. 178. ISBN 1554905354. ^ Jump up to: a b Fury, David (1994). Kings of the Jungle: An Illustrated Reference to "Tarzan" on Screen and Television. McFarland & Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-89950-771-9. Jump up ^ Sisson, Richard; Zacher, Christian; Cayton, Andrew Robert Lee (2007). The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia. Indiana University Press. p. 902. ISBN 0-253-34886-2. Jump up ^ Weissmuller, Johnny, Jr.; Weissmuller, Johnny; Reed, William (2002). Tarzan, My Father. Burroughs, Danton. ECW Press. p. 83. ISBN 1-55022-522-7.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2008) Further reading
Fury, David A. Johnny Weissmuller: Twice the Hero (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Artist's Press. 2000) ISBN 0-924556-02-1 Weissmuller, Johnny Jr. Tarzan My Father, Toronto: ECW Press 2002 External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johnny Weissmuller. Johnny Weissmuller at the Internet Movie Database Louis S. Nixdorff, 1928 Olympic games collection, 1926–1978, Archives Center, National Museum of US History, Smithsonian Institution. The passenger list of the ship that brought the Weissmullers to Ellis Island "Serbia: Monument to Tarzan", The New York Times, February 17, 2007. The article states that Johnny Weissmuller was born in Serbia. Johnny Weissmuller at Find a Grave
Honorary titles Preceded by Frank Merrill Actors to portray Tarzan 1932–1948 Succeeded by Buster Crabbe
[hide] v t e Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan [hide] Novels 24 main books by Edgar Rice Burroughs Tarzan of the Apes (1912) The Return of Tarzan (1913) The Beasts of Tarzan (1914) The Son of Tarzan (1915) Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar (1916) Jungle Tales of Tarzan (1919) Tarzan the Untamed (1920) Tarzan the Terrible (1921) Tarzan and the Golden Lion (1922/23) Tarzan and the Ant Men (1924) Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle (1927/28) Tarzan and the Lost Empire (1928/29) Tarzan at the Earth's Core (1929/30) Tarzan the Invincible (1930/31) Tarzan Triumphant (1931/32) Tarzan and the City of Gold (1932) Tarzan and the Lion Man (1933/34) Tarzan and the Leopard Men (1932/33) Tarzan's Quest (1935/36) Tarzan and the Forbidden City (1938) Tarzan the Magnificent (1939) Tarzan and the Foreign Legion (1947) Tarzan and the Madman (1964) Tarzan and the Castaways (1965) Other official works Tarzan and the Tarzan Twins by ERB (1963) Tarzan and the Valley of Gold by Fritz Leiber (1966) Hadon of Ancient Opar by Philip José Farmer (1974) Flight to Opar by Farmer (1976) Tarzan: the Lost Adventure by ERB & Joe R. Lansdale (1995) Tarzan: The Epic Adventures by R. A. Salvatore (1996) the Dark Heart of Time by Philip José Farmer (1999) The Adventures of Tarzan by Maude Robinson Toombs (1921/2006) Tarzan: The Greystoke Legacy by Andy Briggs (2011) [hide] Films Silent films (8) Tarzan of the Apes (1918) The Romance of Tarzan (1918) The Revenge of Tarzan (1920) The Son of Tarzan (1920) The Adventures of Tarzan (1921) Tarzan and the Golden Lion (1927) Tarzan the Mighty (1928) Tarzan the Tiger (1929) Johnny Weissmuller (12) Tarzan the Ape Man (1932) Tarzan and His Mate (1934) Tarzan Escapes (1936) Tarzan Finds a Son! (1939) Tarzan's Secret Treasure (1941) Tarzan's New York Adventure (1942) Tarzan Triumphs (1943) Tarzan's Desert Mystery (1943) Tarzan and the Amazons (1945) Tarzan and the Leopard Woman (1946) Tarzan and the Huntress (1947) Tarzan and the Mermaids (1948) Lex Barker (5) Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1949) Tarzan and the Slave Girl (1950) Tarzan's Peril (1951) Tarzan's Savage Fury (1952) Tarzan and the She-Devil (1953) Gordon Scott (6) Tarzan's Hidden Jungle (1955) Tarzan and the Lost Safari (1957) Tarzan and the Trappers (1958) Tarzan's Fight for Life (1958) Tarzan's Greatest Adventure (1959) Tarzan the Magnificent (1960) Jock Mahoney (2) Tarzan Goes to India (1962) Tarzan's Three Challenges (1963) Mike Henry (3) Tarzan and the Valley of Gold (1966) Tarzan and the Great River (1967) Tarzan and the Jungle Boy (1968) Miscellaneous films Tarzan the Fearless (1933) The New Adventures of Tarzan (1935) Tarzan and the Green Goddess (1938) Tarzan’s Revenge (1938) Tarzan, the Ape Man (1959) Tarzan's Deadly Silence (1970) Tarzan and the Brown Prince (1972) Tarzan, the Ape Man (1981) Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan (1984) Tarzan and the Lost City (1998) Tarzan of the Apes (1999) Tarzan (2013) Tarzan (2016) [hide] Television Tarzan (1966/68) Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle (1976/80) Tarzan in Manhattan (1989) Tarzán (1991/94) Tarzan: The Epic Adventures (1996/97) Tarzan (2003) [hide] Characters Cheeta Jad-bal-ja Kala Kerchak Korak La Mangani Meriem Muviro Nkima Jane Porter Harry Holt Sabor Tantor Tarzan Waziri [hide] Disney version Films Tarzan (1999) Tarzan & Jane (2002) Tarzan II (2005) Adaptations The Legend of Tarzan (episodes) Musical Tarzan's Treehouse Kingdom Hearts Music Music soundtrack "You'll Be in My Heart" "Strangers Like Me" "Son of Man" "Two Worlds" [hide] Other articles Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. Kreegah bundolo Tarzan yell Comics Tarzanesque [hide] v t e 1924 USA Olympic Swimming Team Men's Team Ralph Breyer Harry Glancy Dick Howell Duke Kahanamoku Samuel Kahanamoku Warren Kealoha Bill Kirschbaum Henry Luning Wally O'Connor Bob Skelton Adam Smith Lester Smith Johnny Weissmuller Paul Wyatt Swimming pictogram.svg Women's Team Sybil Bauer Florence Chambers Eleanor Coleman Euphrasia Donnelly Gertrude Ederle Agnes Geraghty Ethel Lackie Martha Norelius Aileen Riggin Matilda Scheurich Helen Wainwright Mariechen Wehselau [hide] v t e 1928 USA Olympic Swimming Team Men's Team Tom Blankenburg Austin Clapp Buster Crabbe George Kojac Walter Laufer Ray Ruddy Paul Samson Johnny Weissmuller Paul Wyatt David Young Swimming pictogram.svg Women's Team Jane Fauntz Eleanor Garatti Agnes Geraghty Marian Gilman Margaret Hoffman Eleanor Holm Susan Laird Adelaide Lambert Lisa Lindstrom Ethel McGary Josephine McKim Martha Norelius Albina Osipowich [hide] v t e Olympic Champions in Men's 100 m Freestyle 1896: Alfréd Hajós 1904 (100 yards): Zoltán Halmay 1906 – 1908: Charles Daniels 1912: Duke Kahanamoku 1920: Duke Kahanamoku 1924–1928: Johnny Weissmuller 1932: Yasuji Miyazaki 1936: Ferenc Csík 1948: Wally Ris 1952: Clarke Scholes 1956: Jon Henricks 1960: John Devitt 1964: Don Schollander 1968: Michael Wenden 1972: Mark Spitz 1976: Jim Montgomery 1980: Jörg Woithe 1984: Rowdy Gaines 1988: Matt Biondi 1992–1996: Alexander Popov 2000–2004: Pieter van den Hoogenband 2008: Alain Bernard 2012: Nathan Adrian [hide] v t e Olympic Champions in Men's 400 m Freestyle 1904 (440 yards): Charles Daniels 1906: Otto Scheff 1908: Henry Taylor 1912: George Hodgson 1920: Norman Ross 1924: Johnny Weissmuller 1928: Alberto Zorrilla 1932: Buster Crabbe 1936: Jack Medica 1948: Bill Smith 1952: Jean Boiteux 1956: Murray Rose 1960: Murray Rose 1964: Don Schollander 1968: Mike Burton 1972: Brad Cooper 1976: Brian Goodell 1980: Vladimir Salnikov 1984: George DiCarlo 1988: Uwe Daßler 1992: Yevgeny Sadovyi 1996: Danyon Loader 2000: Ian Thorpe 2004: Ian Thorpe 2008: Park Tae-Hwan 2012: Sun Yang [hide] v t e Olympic Champions in Men's 4×200 m Freestyle Relay 1908: Great Britain (Derbyshire, Radimilovic, Foster, Taylor) 1912: Australasia (Healy, Champion, Boardman, Hardwick) 1920: USA (McGillivray, Kealoha, Ross, Kahanamoku) 1924: USA (Weissmuller, O'Connor, Glancy, Breyer) 1928: USA (Weissmuller, Clapp, Laufer, Kojac) 1932: Japan (Yusa, Miyazaki, Yokoyama, Toyoda) 1936: Japan (Yusa, Sugiura, Arai, Taguchi) 1948: USA (Ris, McLane, Wolf, Smith) 1952: USA (Moore, Woolsey, Konno, McLane) 1956: Australia (O'Halloran, Devitt, Rose, Henricks) 1960: USA (Harrison, Blick, Troy, Farrell) 1964: USA (Schollander, Clark, Saari, Ilman) 1968: USA (Schollander, Spitz, Nelson, Rerych) 1972: USA (Spitz, Kinsella, Tyler, Genter) 1976: USA (Bruner, Furniss, Naber, Montgomery) 1980: Soviet Union (Kopliakov, Salnikov, Stukolkin, Krylov) 1984: USA (Heath, Larson, Float, Hayes) 1988: USA (Dalbey, Cetlinski, Gjertsen, Biondi) 1992: Unified Team (Lepikov, Pyshnenko, Tayanovich, Sadovyi) 1996: USA (Davis, Hudepohl, Schumacher, Berube) 2000: Australia (Thorpe, Klim, Pearson, Kirby) 2004: USA (Phelps, Lochte, Vanderkaay, Keller) 2008: USA (Phelps, Lochte, Berens, Vanderkaay) 2012: USA (Lochte, Dwyer, Berens, Phelps) Authority control WorldCat VIAF: 44493607 LCCN: n82151417 ISNI: 0000 0001 2130 559X GND: 122935942 SUDOC: 07868322X BNF: cb13982607b (data) NKC: xx0020365 Categories: 1904 births1984 deaths20th-century American male actorsMale actors from Chicago, IllinoisAmerican male freestyle swimmersAmerican male film actorsAmerican male television actorsAmerican people of German descentAustro-Hungarian emigrants to the United StatesDanube-Swabian peopleDeaths from lung diseaseFormer world record holders in swimmingGreetersMale water polo playersMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract playersOlympic bronze medalists for the United StatesOlympic gold medalists for the United StatesOlympic medalists in swimmingOlympic medalists in water poloOlympic swimmers of the United StatesOlympic water polo players of the United StatesPeople from TimișoaraPeople from Somerset County, PennsylvaniaPeople from Elk Grove Village, IllinoisSwimmers at the 1924 Summer OlympicsSwimmers at the 1928 Summer OlympicsTarzan filmsWater polo players at the 1924 Summer OlympicsWater polo players at the 1928 Summer Olympics
About ג'וני ווייסמילר (עברית)
ג'וני וייסמילר מאזן מדליות ג'וני וייסמילר בתמונה מ-1925 ג'וני וייסמילר בתמונה מ-1925 המשחקים האולימפיים שחייה זהב פריז 1924 100 מטר חופשי זהב פריז 1924 400 מטר חופשי זהב פריז 1924 4X200 מטר חופשי שליחים זהב אמסטרדם 1928 100 מטר חופשי זהב אמסטרדם 1928 4X200 מטר חופשי שליחים כדורמים ארד פריז 1924 קבוצתי ג'וני וייסמילר (באנגלית: Johnny Weissmuller; 2 ביוני 1904 - 20 בינואר 1984) היה שחיין ושחקן קולנוע אמריקאי יהודי מומר. הוא אלוף אולימפי בעל 5 מדליות זהב ושיאן עולם במשחה היוקרתי ביותר ל-100 מטר חופשי. השחיין הראשון ששחה משחה זה מתחת לדקה. מנצח המשחה בשתי אולימפיאדות רצופות (פריז 1924 ואמסטרדם 1928). נחשב לאחד מגדולי השחיינים בכל הזמנים. כשחקן קולנוע גילם וייסמילר בסרטים את דמותו של "טרזן". תוכן עניינים [הסתרה] 1 ביוגרפיה 2 קישורים חיצוניים 3 ראו גם 4 הערות שוליים ביוגרפיה[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
ג'וני וייסמילר נולד בפרוור גרמני של העיר הרומנית טימישוארה שהשתייכה אז לאוסטרו-הונגריה. משפחתו הייתה מעורבת (אב נוצרי ואם יהודיה) אך הוא גדל והתחנך בחינוך נוצרי לכל דבר ועניין ואף הוטבל לנצרות ב-5 בנובמבר 1905. בהיותו בן שבעה חודשים היגר עם הוריו לארצות הברית. כיוון שסבל מגנחת הסימפונות (אסתמה), וכיוון שהטיפול המונע היחיד שהיה ידוע באותם ימים היה פיתוח הנשימה, המליצו הרופאים שיעסוק בשחייה. בתחילה הוא שחה עם אחיו באגם מישיגן ובהיותו בן 17 החל להתחרות בבריכה. וייסמילר שלט שליטה ללא מצרים במשחים הקצרים בסגנון החופשי בארצות הברית ובעולם כולו. הוא פיתח את סגנון החתירה בו הזרועות מתרוממות גבוה מעל פני המים ואת הנשימה הצידית. הוא לא נוצח בשום משחה חופשי, לכל מרחק, בו נטל חלק בכל שנות הקריירה שלו, 1929-1921. לזכותו רשומים חמש מדליות זהב אולימפיות, 52 מדליות זהב באליפות ארצות הברית בשחייה ושבירה של 27 שיאי עולם. הוא החזיק בשיאי העולם בשחיה חופשית למרחקים 100 יארדים, 100 מטרים וחצי מייל. ב-9 ביולי 1922 שבר את שיאו העולמי של דיוק קהנמוקו במשחה 100 מטר חופשי, כאשר קבע זמן של 58.6 שניות. בכך היה לשחיין הראשון ששבר את מחסום הדקה במשחה הקלאסי. הוא זכה באולימפיאדת פריז (1924) במדליות זהב במשחים ל-100 ו-400 מטר חופשי. בנוסף, זכה במדליית זהב במשחקים אלו יחד עם קבוצת השליחים האמריקאית במשחה 4x200 חופשי ובמדליית ארד יחד עם נבחרת הכדורמים האמריקאית. באולימפיאדת אמסטרדם (1928) זכה וייסמילר בשתי מדליות זהב במשחים ל-100 ו-400 מטר חופשי. שיאו העולמי ב-100 יארד חופשי, אשר נקבע ב-1927, החזיק מעמד במשך 17 שנים. עדות ליכולתו של וייסמילר ניתן לראות בהשוואה הבאה: שיאו העולמי ב-100 מטר חופשי, 57.4 שניות, אשר נקבע ב-1924, היווה שיפור של שלוש שניות לשיאו של קהנמוקו שנקבע ארבע שנים לפני כן. אמנם שיאו של וייסמילר נשבר כבר בשנת 1934, ובשנים שלאחר מכן עוד שופר מספר פעמים, אך רק ב-1961, 37 שנים לאחר שיאו של וייסמילר, הצליחו לקזז שלוש שניות נוספות מן השיא העולמי. ג'וני וייסמילר נשכר לגלם בסרטים את דמותו של "טרזן", גיבור ספריו של אדגר רייז בורואוז. בתפקיד זה זכה לפרסום רב ברחבי העולם. ב-1976 הופיע בפעם אחרונה בתפקיד קולנועי בסרט "Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood". ב-1977 סבל משבץ מוחי. ב-1979, הוא ואשתו עברו לאקפולקו מקסיקו. ב-1984, נפטר וייסמילר מבצקת בריאות בביתו באקפולקו. לווייסמילר יש כוכב בשדרת הכוכבים של הוליווד. קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: ג'וני וייסמילר ג'וני וייסמילר, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) עלילות טרזן בארץ הקודש, אלי אשד ראו גם[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
התפתחות שיאי העולם ב-100 מטר חופשי (ויקיפדיה האנגלית). התפתחות שיאי העולם ב-200 מטר חופשי (ויקיפדיה האנגלית). התפתחות שיאי העולם ב-400 מטר חופשי (ויקיפדיה האנגלית). הערות שוליים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
^  (הקישור אינו פעיל, 15.10.2010)
[הסתרה] Olympic rings with white rims.svg אלופים אולימפיים - משחה ל-100 מטר חופשי (גברים) [הסתרה] Olympic rings with white rims.svg אלופים אולימפיים - משחה ל-400 מטר חופשי (גברים)
קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםשחיינים אמריקאיםאלופים אולימפיים: שחייניםשיאני עולם בשחייהשחקני כדורמים אמריקאיםשחייני חופשייהודים מומרים