Joseph 'Isaac' Palache

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Joseph 'Isaac' Palache

Birthdate:
Death: 1649 (85-87)
South Holland, The Netherlands
Place of Burial: Ouderkerk a/d Amstel, N-H. Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Isaac of Fez Palache and wife of Isaac Wife of Isaac Palache
Husband of Benvenida Palache
Father of Moses 'Joseph' Palache; Joshua 'Joseph' Palache; Isaac 'Joseph' Palache; David 'Joseph' Palache and Abraham 'Joseph' Palache
Brother of Samuel Palache, Hakham and Daughter Palache

Occupation: Moroccan ambassador to the Netherlands
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph 'Isaac' Palache

GEDCOM Note

Joseph Pallache (c. 1560 - 1638/1648/1657, was a Jewish-Moroccan-born merchant and diplomat of the Pallache family, who, as envoy, helps his brother conclude a treaty with the Dutch Republic in 1608

Pallache was born in Fez, Morocco. His father, Isaac Pallache, was a rabbi there, first mentioned in takkanot (Jewish community statutes) in 1588. His brother was Samuel Pallache. His uncle was Fez's grand rabbi, Judah Uziel, whose son Isaac Uziel was a rabbi of the Neve Shalom community in Amsterdam.[5]

His family originated from Islamic Spain, where his father had served as rabbi in Córdoba. According to Professor Mercedes García-Arenal, "The Pallaches were a Sephardi family perhaps descended from the Bene Palyāj mentioned by the twelfth-century chronicler Abraham Ibn Da’ud as 'the greatest of the families of Cordoba'."[8]

Sometime in the first half of the 16th Century, following the Christian conquest of Islamic Spain (the Reconquista), the family fled to Morocco, where Jews, like Christians, were tolerated as long as they accepted Islam as the official religion. How they arrived is unclear. One Italian historian states, "Verso i Paesi Bassi emigra anche la famiglia Pallache, forse dal Portogallo o dalla Spagna, oppure, secundo un'altra ipotesti, dalla nativa Spagna emigra a Fez, dove un Isaac Pallache è rabbino new 1588" (translation: "The Pallache family also emigrated to the Netherlands, perhaps from Portugal or Spain, or, second, another hypothesizes, they emigrated [directly] from their native Spain to Fez, where Isaac Pallache rabbi was in 1588.")[9] (The surname is spelled "Palache" on his death certificate.[10])

Career After a delegation from the Dutch Republic visited Morocco to discuss a common alliance against Spain and the Barbary pirates, sultan Zidan Abu Maali in 1608 appointed the merchant brothers Samuel and Joseph Pallache to be his envoys to the Dutch government in The Hague. Officially, they served as his "agents", not ambassador. The Pallaches received the support of stadholder Maurice of Nassau and the States-General in The Hague and negotiated an alliance of mutual assistance against Spain. On December 24, 1610, the two nations signed the Treaty of Friendship and Free Commerce, an agreement recognizing free commerce between the Netherlands and Morocco and allowing the sultan to purchase ships, arms and munitions from the Dutch.[11] This was one of the first official treaties between a European country and a non-Christian nation, after the 16th-Century treaties of the Franco-Ottoman alliance.[citation needed]

After his brother Samuel's death in 1616, Joseph inherited his brother Samuel's position as lead agent for Morocco in the Netherlands. When he traveled to Morocco, his son David Palache served as his deputy. During one of his trips to Morocco, he and his sone Moses tried to build a new port near Cape Cantin; the effort failed

Pallache's date of death varies widely in reports. His burial record shows a 10-year discrepancy of "1639 or 1649."[10]

He is buried next to his brother Samuel in Ouderkerk aan de Amstel near Amsterdam. The record for his grave spells his name as "Palache

Co-founder of Amsterdam Sephardic community In the first pages of his 1769 Memorias do Estabelecimento e Progresso dos Judeos Portuguezes e Espanhoes nesta Famosa Cidade de Amsterdam, David Franco Mendes records the first minyan in Amsterdam with its sixteen worshippers: Jacob Israel Belmonte (father of Moses Belmonte), David Querido, Jacob Tirado, Samuel Pallache, Ury a Levy, Joseph Pallache, Jacob Uriel Cardoso, Isaac Gaon, Samuel Abrabanel Souza, Jeosuah Sarfati, Joseph Habilho, David Abendana Pereyra, Baruch Osorio, Abraham Gabay, Isaac Franco Medeyro, Moseh de Casserez.[12][13] Several sources claim this first minyan occurred in Palache's home, as he was the most prominent among them, being envoy from Morocco[7][14] and occurred around 1590[15] or Yom Kippur 1596.

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Joseph 'Isaac' Palache's Timeline

1562
1562
1588
1588
1591
1591
1592
1592
Fez, Morocco
1598
1598
1600
1600
1649
1649
Age 87
South Holland, The Netherlands
????
Ouderkerk a/d Amstel, N-H. Netherlands