Joshua Norman Haldeman

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Joshua Norman Haldeman

Birthplace: Pequot Lakes, Crow Wing, Minnesota, United States
Death: January 13, 1974 (71)
Brits, Transvaal, South Africa (airplane accident)
Immediate Family:

Son of John Elon Haldeman and Almeda Jane Haldeman
Husband of Winnifred Josephine Haldeman and Wanda Eva Haldeman
Father of Private; Private User; Private; Private User and Private
Brother of Private
Half brother of Private and Private

Managed by: Patrick James Spain
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Joshua Norman Haldeman

Estate file:

Haldeman, Joshua Norman Birth Certificate Index Certificate Number: 1902-05316 Birth: November 25, 1902 County of Birth: Crow Wing County, Minnesota, United States Subject: Birth records Type: Text, Government Record, Historical Records Mother's Maiden Name: Norman Joshua Norman Haldeman, D.C. 1902 (Nov 25): JN Haldeman born in Pequot, Minn. of John Elon and Almeda Jane (Norman) Haldeman (Rehm's notes; see also April, 1950 patient pamphlet)

Background Dr. Haldeman was born in a log cabin in Minnesota, U.S.A., in November, 1902, and is of English, Irish and Dutch decent. He moved with his parents to Saskatchewan in 1907 and has been a resident of this province ever since. He was raised by Mr. H. Wilson, his step-father, a Yorkshire Englishman, and his mother, on a large stock farm. The family has always taken a lead in co-operative and farm movements; and Mr. Wilson has been Reeve of Excelsior Municipality for 28 years - one of the oldest records of continual service in the province. Dr. Haldeman is very happily married and has two children.

Josh Haldeman was born in Pequot, Minnesota on November 25, 1902, and moved with his family at age two to Herbert, Saskatchewan. His mother, Almeda Haldeman, is the first known woman to practice as a chiropractor in Canada. He was raised on a farm and studied at Moose Jaw College, Regina College and Winnipeg Agricultural College before graduating from the Palmer School of Chiropractic in 1926. He practiced in Assiniboia and Regina, Saskatchewan.

1948 (Sept/Oct): ICA's International Review of Chiropractic [3(3-4)] includes: PHOTOGRAPH -photo caption from PSC lyceum reads (p. 29): DR. AND MRS. J.N. HALDEMAN with their four months old twin daughters were popular convention guests from Regina, Saskatchewan. Dr. Haldeman is an officer of the Dominion Chiropractic Council and also Chairman of the National Council

PHOTOGRAPH At the 1949 Lyceum of the Palmer School of Chiropractic (PSC) the Haldemans are shown meeting with Leonard K. Griffin, D.C., member of the ICA Board of Control, and David D. Palmer, D.C., then Vice-President of the PSC. Left to right: Dr. Griffin, Wyn Haldeman, Dr. Haldeman and his twin daughters, Kay and Maye, and Dr. Palmer (Haldeman papers)

1974: practiced in Pretoria, South Africa from 1951 until his death in an airplane accident in 1974 (Rehm's notes) Chiropractic History Assignment Steve Zoltai

In Part 1, the famed 19th century funambulist, showman and adventurer, The Great Farini – a.k.a. Bill Hunt from Port Hope, Ontario – discovers what appears to be the ruins of an advanced civilization in the unmapped heart of one of the most remote and inhospitable places in Africa. Part 2 continues the story of a legendary city buried in the sands of the Kalahari Desert and a Saskatchewan chiropractor’s efforts to find it.

DR. JOSHUA N. HALDEMAN, DC Though separated by several generations, Dr. Joshua Haldeman and his countryman had much in common. Like Farini, Haldeman was a restless spirit. Born in 1902 to Almeda Haldeman, the first known chiropractor to practise in Canada, and obtaining his chiropractic credentials in 1926, Haldeman set out at a fast pace to establish himself as a major figure as a chiropractic leader and as a political economist. Practising in Regina, he was the driving force behind obtaining and drafting Saskatchewan’s 1943 Chiropractic Act.

He served on the province’s first board of examiners as well as the provincial society’s first executive board and represented Saskatchewan in negotiations leading to the formation of the Dominion Council of Canadian Chiropractors, which was the predecessor body to the Canadian Chiropractic Association. Later, he participated in establishing the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, for which he served as a member on the first board of directors. Never one to limit himself to professional activities, Haldeman also chaired the Social Credit Party during the Second World War, subsequently making an unsuccessful run for Parliament and managing to land himself in jail briefly for his political views.1 In 1950, however, he packed up the family and moved to South Africa, a country he had never been to and where he did not know a soul. Citing what he saw as deterioration in the political and moral culture of Canada, it may be closer to the truth that, in middle age, his adventurous spirit was becoming restless for new challenges. It is probably no coincidence That, if challenged, Haldeman could not have come up with another place so near the polar opposite of Saskatchewan’s frozen uniformity to move to. Here he would open a new chapter as an adventurer and explorer, and this is where he and the ghost of The Great Farini would meet.

ATLANTIS IN THE DESERT It is not clear when Haldeman first encountered the Lost City legend; however, the meeting of the kindred spirits was inevitable. When Farini’s book first appeared there was, surprisingly, not a great deal of public reaction to his “discovery” of the ruins of an apparently highly developed ancient culture in southern Africa far from the classical civilizations of the Mediterranean. Partly this was due to the sheer improbability of the finding, and partly it was due to the near impossibility of anyone verifying the claim. Saying that you had found something in the unmapped Kalahari in 1885 was not far removed, in contemporary eyes, from the more extravagant claims of Victorian spiritualists.

In addition, the desert was continuously reinventing itself, dynamically altered by shifting sands and sudden hard rains which can effect transformations and change landscapes overnight. Under such conditions, verification would be difficult at any time. It was as though Farini had found Atlantis in the desert.

PLANE, TRUCK AND FOT The 1920s, however, witnessed renewed interest in Farini’s Lost City and 1949 marked the beginning of a string of attempts to locate the ruins with at least 24 expeditions in the following 16 years where no two years passed without an attempt. Peacock writes that “searches have been conducted on foot, in wagons, trucks, jeeps, Dakota aircraft loaned by the South African Department of Defence and other airplanes.”2 Indeed, at one point, it was purportedly found and lost again through sheer absent-mindedness because the finder did not appreciate its importance or interest.3 Most dogged among Lost City searchers, however, was Haldeman, who led nine expeditions between 1953 and 1965, counting an initial exploratory trip to gather information, and several more afterwards. His search began in earnest in 1957 with an 8,400-mile air-ground search in the area around the Nossob River and followed with ground searches along Farini’s suspected route each year beginning in 1959 and continuing to 1965.4, 5 On every occasion he was accompanied by his wife, Wyn, and those of his children – Scott, Lynne, Maye, Kaye and Angkor Lee – who were around. One Haldeman chronicler reckoned that he was unique in the history of African exploration because he routinely took his whole family with him and two books devoted to attempts to locate the Lost City report extensively on his explorations.6 According to his son Scott, “Josh and Wyn Haldeman carried out sixteen expeditions looking for the Lost City of the Kalahari, most of which included their children. The last was in 1969. These expeditions were into remote areas of what is now Botswana (at the time the Bechuanaland Protectorate). I went on the first six expeditions in 1953, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 and 1961 through my school years and before I left South Africa to study. The first expedition was when I was 11 years old and the last at age 18 when I had my driver’s license and drove a Second World War Willy’s Jeep as the second car on that expedition. Prior expeditions had been by a single small truck. Each of these trips lasted approximately one month and was mostly in the bush without a road or even a track. We would go from one area to another using a standard compass and sleeping under the stars in sleeping bags on a tarpaulin.” LIONS, LEOPARDS, HYENAS AND JACKALS Life in the bush frequently brought the Haldeman clan into close association with the local wildlife. Haldeman describes one occasion when, upon hearing prowling animals, Wyn spent the night guarding the camp with pistol at hand. “Scott and I were too sleepy to stay awake,” Haldeman remembered, “but ... felt perfectly safe with such a good camp guard. She can shoot faster and more accurately than either of us.”7 In the morning, leopard spoor was found all around the camp, yards from where they slept. The youngest, Angkor Lee, routinely slept in the truck to optimize his chances of not being dragged off in the night by large predators.

Scott writes: “We had lions in the camp so close my father could almost touch them. The camps were often surrounded by hyenas, jackals and leopards that would keep the air full of wild sounds. I carried a pistol on my hip most of the time to protect against animals and would often have to ride on top of the truck with a 375 mm Winchester rifle hoping that the truck would flush a buck and I could get in a shot.

We only killed animals for the pot, and if we did not kill an animal every few days we had to eat canned sardines. Dad never allowed hunting for hunting’s sake although on one occasion we had to help out a village and hunt a lion that was killing the village goats as he was old and could not hunt wild animals.” KI KI MOUNTAIN Perhaps the closest Haldeman came to discovering the site of the ruins was his investigation of the Lost City bearings submitted in Farini’s report to the Royal Geographical Society in 1886. Discovery of the ruins hinged on locating the Ki Ki Mountain described by Farini. According to Clement: “The nearest landmark agreeing with the co-ordinates was situated in an inaccessible and little known district. Led by a guide and the local Kgalagadi chief, Haldeman and his son”, Scott ... “ploughed their way through the sand to Bohelo Batu Pan (meaning ‘the people died’) – on to the Kgalagadi village at Manung Pan, which they learnt had been visited by only one other European.” From Manung they proceeded to the specified co-ordinates. “Although the surrounding country fitted Farini’s description of the Lost City area, there were no signs of ruins.”8 Though Haldeman never did locate the Lost City, he remained convinced of its existence. For Haldeman, Farini’s story simply felt right. He based much of his belief on first-hand knowledge: many expeditions into the Kalahari convinced him that Farini had actually been in the places he wrote about. He found Farini’s descriptions accurate and his comments about his surroundings convincing and continued to find locals who recognized depictions of the ruins.9 He stated unequivocally in an account of his aerial search in The South African Archaeological Bulletin that “someday the Lost City of the Kalahari will be found”10 and, in a letter to one of Farini’s descendants, “We do not feel he made the ‘Lost City’ up as we have confirmed everything else in the book.”11 After 1969, however, Haldeman’s rotating gaze fixed on other priorities and the search for the Lost City was not continued.

EPILOGUE Farini retired to his home town of Port Hope, Ontario, where he continued to amaze his neighbours with his creativity and energy until he died in 1929 at the ripe age of 90. Dr. Joshua Haldeman became an important figure in the South African chiropractic community and counted a former president and several cabinet ministers among his patients. An accomplished aviator, Haldeman flew extensively throughout Africa, Europe and Australia, and was killed in a plane crash in 1974. His son Scott also went on to become a chiropractor. He is currently clinical professor in the Department of Neurology at the University of California, Irvine, and adjunct professor Department of Epidemiology, in the School of Public Health at the University of California at Los Angeles and holds an MD and PhD in addition to his chiropractic degree. Angkor Lee was not eaten by large predators and is currently associate vice-president, academic development, SAIT Polytechnic in Calgary.

As for the Lost City itself, some have suggested that the sculpted features Farini encountered are similar to the naturally occurring dolorite formations in the area around Reitfontein and that the material which he took for cement was characteristic of the weathering of the calcium-rich rock. When combined with a showman’s imagination, such geologic formations could be interpreted as the remnants of a cyclopean structure. On the other hand, Troy was also thought to be mythical until its immense riches were unearthed by Heinrich Schliemann in 1873.

But that’s another story

Minnesota, Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905 about Norman J Haldeman Name: Norman J Haldeman Age: 2 Census Date: 26 Jun 1905 County: Chippewa Locality: Montevideo Birth Location: Minnesota Gender: Male Estimated Birth Year: abt 1903 Race: White Father's Birth Location: Illinois Mother's Birth Location: Minnesota Line: 21 Roll: MNSC_112


Joshua Norman Haldeman

in the Web: Manitoba, Marriage Index, 1879-1931

Go to website Add alternate information Report issue Name: Joshua Norman Haldeman Gender: Male Spouse: Wanda Eva Peters Marriage Date: 28 Dec 1927 Marriage Place: Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954 about Joshua Norman Haldeman Name: Joshua Norman Haldeman Arrival Date: 23 Apr 1945 Port of Arrival: Raymond, Montana, United States Accompanied by: Wife Winnifred R D Jorgeson Age: 42 Birth Date: 25 Nov 1902 Birth Place: Pequot, Minnesota Gender: Male Race/Nationality: Irish Record has photo?: No Record Type: Cards

Joshua Norman Haldeman Death Year: 1974 Death Country: South Africa Title: Transvaal Estates Death Index (Master of the Supreme Court, Pretoria) Source: National Archives, Pretoria Reference Number: 1479/74

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Joshua Norman Haldeman's Timeline

November 25, 1902
Pequot Lakes, Crow Wing, Minnesota, United States
January 13, 1974
Age 71
Brits, Transvaal, South Africa