Josip Broz Tito

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marshal Josip Broz

Croatian: Maršal
Also Known As: "Tito", "Predsjednik Jugoslavije"
Birthplace: Kumrovec, Općina Kumrovec, Krapinsko-zagorska županija, Croatia
Death: May 04, 1980 (87)
Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Place of Burial: Beograd, Srbija
Immediate Family:

Son of Franjo Broz and Marija Broz
Husband of Jovanka Mihailova Broz
Ex-husband of Pelagija Belousova; Anna Lusi Koening and Herta Haas
Ex-partner of Davorka Zdenka Paunović
Father of Mrtvorođena Broz; Zlatica Broz; Hinko Broz; Žarko Broz; Private User and 1 other
Brother of Josipa Broz; Martin Broz; Dragutin (Karlo) Broz; Anka (Jana) Broz; Marija Broz and 9 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Josip Broz Tito

  • 1st President for life of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, In office 14 January 1953 – 4 May 1980
  • 1st Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement, In office 1 September 1961 – 5 October 1964
  • 22nd Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, In office 29 November 1943 – 29 June 1963
  • 1st Federal Secretary of People's Defence, In office, 7 March 1945 – 14 January 1953
  • 7th Chairman of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, In office November 1936 – 4 May 1980
  • Born 25 May 1892, Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Croatia, Died 4 May 1980 (aged 87)
  • Spouse(s) Pelagija Broz (1919–1939), div., Herta Haas (1940–43), Jovanka Broz (1952–1980), partner Davorijanka Paunović
  • Children Zlatica Broz, Hinko Broz, Žarko Leon Broz and Aleksandar Broz
  • Occupation Machinist, revolutionary, resistance commander, statesman
  • Religion None (Atheist) (formerly Roman Catholic)

Josip Broz Tito ; born Josip Broz; ; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980) was a Yugoslav revolutionary and statesman.[4] While his presidency has been criticized as authoritarian. Tito was a popular public figure both in Yugoslavia and abroad, viewed as a unifying symbol for the nations of the Yugoslav federation. He gained international attention as the chief leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, working with Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt. Josip was born as the seventh child of Franjo and Marija Broz in the village of Kumrovec within Austria-Hungary (modern-day Croatia). Drafted into the army, he distinguished himself, becoming the youngest Sergeant Major in the Austro-Hungarian Army. Josip was sent to a work camp in the Ural Mountains, after being seriously wounded and captured by the Russians. He participated in the October Revolution, and later joined a Red Guard unit in Omsk. Upon his return home, Broz found himself in a newly created Kingdom of Yugoslavia, where he joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. He was Secretary-General (later President) of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (1939–80), and went on to lead the World War II Yugoslav guerrilla movement, the Yugoslav Partisans (1941–45).[12] After the war, he was the Prime Minister (1943–63) and later President (1953–80) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). From 1943 to his death in 1980, he held the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, serving as the supreme commander of the Yugoslav military, the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA). With a highly favourable reputation abroad in both Cold War blocs, Josip Broz Tito received some 98 foreign decorations, including the Legion of Honour and the Order of the Bath. Tito was the chief architect of the "second Yugoslavia", a socialist federation that lasted from World War II until 1991. Despite being one of the founders of Cominform, he was also the first (and the only successful) Cominform member to defy Soviet hegemony. A backer of independent roads to socialism (sometimes referred to as "national communism" or "Titoism"), he was one of the main founders and promoters of the Non-Aligned Movement, and its first Secretary-General. He supported the policy of nonalignment between the two hostile blocs in the Cold War. Such successful diplomatic and economic policies allowed Tito to preside over the Yugoslav economic boom and expansion of the 1960s and '70s.[13][14][15] His internal policies included the suppression of nationalist sentiment and the promotion of the "brotherhood and unity" of the six Yugoslav nations. After Tito's death in 1980, tensions between the Yugoslav republics emerged and in 1991 the country disintegrated and went into a series of civil wars and unrest that lasted the rest of the decade and continue to impact most of the former Yugoslav republics to this day. He remains a controversial figure in the Balkans.

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Josip Broz Tito's Timeline

May 7, 1892
Kumrovec, Općina Kumrovec, Krapinsko-zagorska županija, Croatia
Zagreb, City of Zagreb, Croatia
December 24, 1921
Veliko Trojstvo, Općina Veliko Trojstvo, Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia
November 17, 1922
Bjelovar, Općina Bjelovar, Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia
February 2, 1924
May 4, 1980
Age 87
Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia