Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France

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Louise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Fredericka Auguste of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Wettin, Ernestiner), Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

German: Luise Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste von Sachen-Gotha-Altenburg (Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg), Herzogin von Sachen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Norwegian: Louise av Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Also Known As: "херцогиня Луиза фон Заксен", "Pauline /Panam/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Gotha, Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: August 30, 1831 (30)
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Place of Burial: Coburg, Sachsen-Gotha-Coburg, Deutschland(DB)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Wife of Johann Baptist Strauss, Sr.; Graf Maximilian Elisäus ALEXANDER Graf von Pölzig, Freiherr von Hanstein, and Beiersdorf and Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Mother of Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Albert, Prince Consort of the United Kingdom and Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Occupation: Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Ҍ Ѯ, Herzogin zu Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld


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Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Princess Louise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Fredericka Auguste of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg) (b. Gotha, 21 December 1800 - d. Paris, 30 August 1831), was the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Louise was the only daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his first wife Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Louise of Saxe-Gotha (her namesake).

In Gotha on 31 July 1817 Louise married her kinsman Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. They had two children: Ernst II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

The marriage was unhappy because of Ernst's infidelities and the couple separated in 1824. St. Wendel, in the Principality of Lichtenberg, was assigned as her new residence and Louise was forced to leave her two sons behind and cease to have any contact with them. On 31 March 1826 their marriage was officially dissolved. Seven months later, on 18 October 1826, Louise secretly married in St. Wendel her former lover, the Baron Louis Alexander of Hanstein (later created count of Pölzig and Beiersdrof). With Louis, she took great interest in the social life of the principality and was revered as a regional mother. Nevertheless, this happy life ended on February 1831, when this secret marriage was discovered and she lost her children permanently. She died of cancer when she was only 30 years old.

Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Duke Ernst II and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria. She is also the paternal great-great-great grandmother of Elizabeth II.

Princess Louise was the only daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his first wife Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (her namesake).

On 31 July 1817 in Gotha, sixteen-year-old Louise married her thirty-three-year-old kinsman Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld after he failed to win the hand of a Russian grand duchess. Louise was considered "young, clever, and beautiful".

They had two children: Ernst, who inherited his father's lands and titles, and Albert, who was later the husband of Queen Victoria.

The marriage was unhappy because of Ernst's infidelities and the couple separated in 1824. St. Wendel, in the Principality of Lichtenberg, was assigned as her new residence (it was an exclave of Saxe-Coburg und Gotha; see Sotnick on this period), and Louise was forced to leave her two sons behind. Biographer Lytton Strachey noted in 1921: "The ducal court was not noted for the strictness of its morals; the Duke was a man of gallantry, and it was rumored that the Duchess followed her husband's example. There were scandals: one of the Court Chamberlains, a charming and cultivated man of Jewish extraction, was talked of; at last there was a separation, followed by a divorce."

On 31 March 1826 their marriage was officially dissolved. Seven months later, on 18 October 1826, Louise secretly married in St. Wendel her former lover, the Baron Alexander von Hanstein (later created Count of Pölzig and Beiersdrof). In her previous marriage, she had taken great interest in the social life of the principality and was revered as its Landesmutter (literally, "mother of the region"). Nevertheless, this happy life ended in February 1831, when her secret marriage to von Hanstein was discovered and she lost her children permanently.

Louise died of cancer on 30 August 1831, when she was only 30 years old. Years after her death, Queen Victoria described Louise in an 1864 memorandum: "The princess is described as having been very handsome, though very small; fair, with blue eyes; and Prince Albert is said to have been extremely like her". Louise was reinterred from her initial burial site at Morizkirche to the ducal mausoleum at Friedhof am Glockenberg after it had been completed in 1859.


Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Princess Louise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Fredericka Auguste of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg) (b. Gotha, 21 December 1800 - d. Paris, 30 August 1831), was the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Louise was the only daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his first wife Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Louise of Saxe-Gotha (her namesake).

In Gotha on 31 July 1817 Louise married her kinsman Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. They had two children: Ernst II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

The marriage was unhappy because of Ernst's infidelities and the couple separated in 1824. St. Wendel, in the Principality of Lichtenberg, was assigned as her new residence and Louise was forced to leave her two sons behind and cease to have any contact with them. On 31 March 1826 their marriage was officially dissolved. Seven months later, on 18 October 1826, Louise secretly married in St. Wendel her former lover, the Baron Louis Alexander of Hanstein (later created count of Pölzig and Beiersdrof). With Louis, she took great interest in the social life of the principality and was revered as a regional mother. Nevertheless, this happy life ended on February 1831, when this secret marriage was discovered and she lost her children permanently. She died of cancer when she was only 30 years old.

Links:

The Peerage Geneall Johann the Younger #725 Wikipedia: English Deutsch

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Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld's Timeline

1800
December 21, 1800
Gotha, Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Deutschland(HRR)
December 21, 1800
Gotha (DE)
December 30, 1800
Gotha, Sachsen-Gotha-Coburg, Deutschland(HRR)
1818
June 21, 1818
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Deutschland(HRR)
1819
August 26, 1819
Coburg, Bavaria, Germany
August 26, 1819
Schloss Rosenau, Rödental, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1831
August 30, 1831
Age 30
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
September 10, 1831
Age 30
Mausoleum auf dem Glockenberg, Coburg, Sachsen-Gotha-Coburg, Deutschland(DB)