Ludwig III der Friedfertige von Hessen, Landgraf

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About Ludwig III der Friedfertige von Hessen, Landgraf

Ludwig III the peaceable Lorraine-Brabant, Hesse, Landgrave

  • Son of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse and Margarethe von Hohenzollern, Landgrave of Hesse

Project MedLands, HESSEN

HERMANN von Hessen, son of LUDWIG II Landgraf Herr von Hessen zu Grebenstein & his wife his wife Elisabeth von Sponheim ([1342]-10 Jun 1413, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). The Limburger Chronik records "Herman…lantgrebe zu Hessen" as one of the two sons of "lantgrebe Henrich…bruder…lantgrebe Ludewig" and his wife "eins greben dochter von Spanheim"[51]. Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral to 1367. Mitregent 1367. "Henricus...Lantgravius terre Hassie et Hermannus natus quondam Ludowici Lantgravii felicis recordationis fratris eius" confirmed foundations “in ecclesia parrochiali opidi nostri Alsfelt” by charter dated 3 May 1371[52]. He succeeded in 1376 as HERMANN II "der Gelehrte" Landgraf Herr von Hessen. married firstly (Kassel [30 Jan/11 Feb] 1377) JOHANNA von Nassau-Weilburg, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Nassau-Weilburg & his second wife Johanna von Saarbrücken (1362-Marburg 1 Jan 1383, bur [Marburg Elisabethkirche]). The Limburger Chronik records that "greben Johan von Nassauwe" married "von Sarbrucken…Johanna" who left two small daughters when she died, one of whom married "Herman lantgrebe zu Hessen" but died childless and the other "ein herre von Humburg in Sassenlande", and that he married secondly "jungher Philips ein wip von Spainheim"[53].
married secondly (Kulmbach 15 Oct 1383) MARGARETA von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH V Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen ([1363]-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

Hermann II & his second wife MARGARETA von Nürnberg had eight children:

  • 1. ANNA (-young).
  • 2. HEINRICH (Marburg [10 Nov] 1387-13 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • 3. ELISABETH (1388-22 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • 4. MARGARETA (Marburg 1389-Rotenburg an der Fulda 1446). Botho’s Chronicon Brunsvicensium Picturatum records that “Hertoghe Hinrick, Hertoghe Magnus sone to Brunswick unde Lunenborch” married “Margretam des Lantgreven dochter to Hessen, Hertoghen Otten Forstynne suster over Wolt to Gotting” after his first wife died[54]. married (Kassel 30 Jan 1409) as his second wife, HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-Ülzen 14 Oct 1416, bur Braunschweig).
  • 5. AGNES (1391-Münden 16 Jan 1471, bur Kassel St Martin). Botho’s Chronicon Brunsvicensium Picturatum records that “Herthoge Otto, des mechtigen Hertoghen Otten sone to Brunswick over Wolt to Gotting” married “Angenes des Lantgreven dochter to Hessen”[55]. married (Marburg 26 Sep 1406) OTTO "der Einäugige" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen, son of OTTO "der Quade" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen & his wife his second wife Margareta von Berg ([1384]-Uslar 18 Feb 1463).
  • 6. HERMANN ([Kassel] 18 Oct 1396-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406).
  • 7. FRIEDRICH (7 Mar 1398-Spangenberg 25 Nov 1402).
  • 8. LUDWIG (Spangenberg 6 Feb 1402-Spangenberg 17 Jan 1458, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1413 as LUDWIG III "der Friedsame" Landgraf Herr von Hessen. Graf von Ziegenhain und Nidda 1450. married (Kassel 8 Sep 1433) ANNA von Sachsen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "der Streitbare" Elector of Saxony & his wife his wife Katharina von Braunschweig (5 Jun 1420-17 Sep 1462, bur Spangenberg Stadtkirche). Ludwig III & his wife had five children:
  • a) LUDWIG (7 Sep 1438-Reichenbach 8 Nov 1471, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1458 as LUDWIG IV "der Freimütige" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Niederhessen.
  • b) HEINRICH (15 Oct 1440-Marburg 13 Jan 1483, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1458 as HEINRICH III "der Reiche" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Oberhessen. Regent of Oberhessen 1471-1483. Graf von Katzenelnbogen und Dietz 1479. married (contract 4 Jul 1446, St Goar 24 Jan 1458) ANNA von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of PHILIPP "dem Älteren" Graf von Katzenelnbogen & his first wife Anna von Württemberg (5 Sep 1443-Marburg 16 Feb 1494, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). The marriage contract between "Landgraf Ludwig zu Hessen seinen Sohn Landgraf Henrich" and "Graf Philipps zu Katzenelnbogen Tochter Anna" is dated 4 Jul 1446[56].

Heinrich III & his wife ANNA von Katzenelnbogen had six children:

  • i) FRIEDRICH (1459-young).
  • ii) LUDWIG der Jüngere (chr Marburg 29 Dec 1460-Rauschenberg 1 Jul 1478, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • iii) ELISABETH (Marburg May 1466-Köln 17 Jan 1523, bur Marburg). married (Marburg 11 Feb 1482) JOHANN V Graf von Nassau und Diez, son of JOHANN IV Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg & his wife Marie de Looz in Heinsberg (Breda 9 Nov 1455-Dillenburg 30 Jul 1516, bur Siegen Franciscan Abbey).
  • iv) WILHELM ([8 Sep] 1471-Rauschenberg 17 Feb 1500, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded in 1489 as WILHELM III "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen in Oberhessen, Katzenelnbogen und Dietz. married (Frankfurt-am-Main 16 Oct 1498) as her first husband, ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin, daughter of PHILIPP Elector Palatine & his wife Margareta von Bayern (Heidelberg 16 Nov 1483-Baden-Baden 24 Jun 1522, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche). She married secondly (3 Jan 1503) PHILIPP von Baden, who succeeded in 1515 as PHILIPP I Markgraf von Baden in Baden, ½ Eberstein, Lahr und Mahlberg.

Wilhelm III had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

  • (a) HEINRICH Battenberg . 1515/17, at Heidelberg University.
  • v) MATHILDE (Blankenstein Jul 1473-Köln 19 Feb 1505, bur Kleve Stiftskirche). married (Soest 3 Nov 1489) JOHANN II Duke of Kleve, son of JOHANN I Duke of Kleve & his wife Elisabeth de Nevers [Bourgogne-Valois] (14 Apr 1458-15 Jan 1521, bur Kleve Stiftskirche).
  • vi) HEINRICH (1474-young).
  • c) HERMANN (1450-Poppelsdorf 19 Oct 1508, bur Köln Cathedral). Canon at Mainz Cathedral 1461. Canon at Köln Cathedral 1463. Provost at Worms Cathedral 1467/68. Provost at Fritzlar 1468, resigned 1472. Deacon of St Gereon at Köln 1470-1480. Elected Bishop of Hildesheim 1471-72. Coadjutor of Köln 1473. Scholasticus at Worms Cathedral 1478/79. Archbishop of Köln 1480. Coadjutor of Paderborn 1495. Bishop of Paderborn 1498.

Hermann had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

  • i) HERMANN von Hessen (-[1523/29]). Canon of St Cassius at Bonn 1491. Priest at Winningen am Mosel before 1496. Canon of St Severin at Köln. Canon of St Maria 1496-1516. Provost of St Aposteln at Köln 1503-1505.
  • d) ELISABETH "die Schöne" (chr Kassel 14 Dec 1453-22 Apr 1489, bur Weilburg). married (1464) JOHANN III Graf von Nassau-Weilburg, son of PHILIPP II Graf von Nassau-Weilburg & his first wife Marguerite de Looz zu Heinsberg (27 Jun 1441-15 Jul 1480).
  • e) FRIEDRICH (posthumously before 17 Feb 1458-[1 Nov] 1463, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

Predecessor: Hermann II Successor: Louis II (Lower Hesse) Henry III (Upper Hesse)

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Ludwig III der Friedfertige von Hessen, Landgraf's Timeline

1402
February 6, 1402
Spangenberg, Kassel, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1438
September 7, 1438
Spangenberg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1440
October 15, 1440
Spangenberg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1450
June 3, 1450
Spangenberg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1453
December 14, 1453
Kassel, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1458
January 17, 1458
Age 55
Spangenberg, Kassel, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1458
Deggendorf, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)