Matching family tree profiles for Luigi de' Medici, duca di Sarno
About Luigi de' Medici, duca di Sarno
- English Translation
- In the early years of the reign of Ferdinand IV of Naples and Sicily III de 'Medici practiced as a lawyer in Naples. He attended the progressive circles and was a friend of Gaetano Filangieri, Melchior Delfico and Mario Pagano. In 1783 he became regent of the Grand Court of the Vicar, a position which gave him the leadership of the Urbana Police and Criminal Court of the Kingdom of Naples most prestigious, and that the de 'Medici ruled from 1793 to 1795 and then from 1803 until his death ( 1830). In this capacity, he organized the cleanup of the French in the Kingdom, decreed during the first war of the coalition .
- "First Academic protector" of the Academy of chemistry and mathematics founded in 1790 by Annibale Giordano and Carlo Lauberg , involved in February 1795 in the paranoid anti-Jacobin repression dell'Acton, was imprisoned at Gaeta, where he remained until 1798 when, following process, the Bourbon courts recognized its innocence. He remained secluded during the first half of the Neapolitan Republic (1799), although he was again arrested by the Jacobins in April of 1799, released with the first Bourbon restoration, he was again arrested on charges of attempting to enter the Republican junta, and released with the pardon proclaimed after the victory of Marengo Napoleon . In 1803 he was appointed chairman of the board of the Bourbon royal finances, going on to the Finance Minister Francis Seratti (which in turn was succeeded Giuseppe Zurlo)  and, in April 1804, was appointed Director of the Secretariat of State. With the new arrival of the French (1806), de 'Medici went with the Bourbons in Sicily. In 1811 he went into exile in London, having clashed with parliament and with the aristocratic Sicilian Acton.
- With the Bourbon Restoration Luigi de 'Medici was the most representative figure of the new government. He was minister of Finance, represented the reasons of the Bourbons and the Congress of Vienna in June 1816, with the support of Queen Maria Carolina dell'Acton enemy, he was President of the Council of Ministers. De Medici ran brilliantly in the restoration of the Kingdom of Naples, preserving part of the French legislation (such as the abolition of feudalism) and the structure and the bureaucratic class Murat ("political amalgam)"; put in place the ' annexation of Sicily, thus giving rise to the new "Kingdom of the Two Sicilies" (1816), signed the concordat between the Holy See and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (February 1818); maintained a tolerant attitude towards the Liberal Party and their secret , the Carbonari. Luigi Blanch, while appreciating the attitude of the feudal de 'Medici, accusing him of having consolidated the influence of Austria and the Roman Curia on the kingdom of Naples, making the inevitable uprisings of 1820 .
- De 'Medici found himself in trouble with the outbreak of the 1820 constitutional motions and July 9, 1820 had to cede the reins of government. In March 1821, with the intervention of the forces of the Holy Alliance, which put an end to the constitutional experience, took over the reins of government Sum of Thomas, Marquis of Circello, who formed a council of ministers characterized by the presence of the Prince of Canosa, a bloodthirsty reactionary, the Interior. Luigi de 'Medici returned to the premiership in June 1822 by Prince Metternich who, stunned by the ferocity of Canosa, forced Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies on his return. Luigi de 'Medici was again prime minister until the day of his death. This second experience of government is judged overall in a positive way by historians  for its moderation and economic policy, aimed at fiscal consolidation and strengthening of the merchant fleet of the Realm.
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