Magdalena van Nieuwenaar -Alpen (Neuenahr)

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About Magdalena van Nieuwenaar -Alpen (Neuenahr)

Magdalena of Neuenahr-Alpen ( c. 1550 – 13 January 1626) was a German noblewoman. She was the heiress of the House of Neuenahr-Alpen; she inherited the County of Limburg. By marriage, she was Countess of Tecklenburg.

She was the daughter of Count Gumprecht II and his wife Amöna, a daughter of Count Wirich V of Daun-Falkenstein. On 26 July 1573 in Wesel, she married Count Arnold III of Bentheim-Tecklenburg. They enjoyed a happy married life and had seven sons and four daughters. They resided alternately in Bentheim and Steinfurt, and when they grew older, mostly in Tecklenburg.[2]:p. 81

Via Magdalena's relatives, they had close ties with the leading Calvinist princes in the Holy Roman Empire. Her half-sister Amalia was married to Elector Palatine Frederick III. Her brother Adolf of Neuenahr, Count of Limburg and Moers was also a leading proponent of Calvinism. In 1573, her husband also converted to Calvinism, probably influenced by her relatives. Over time, they introduced the new faith in the territories of the County of Tecklenburg.[2]:p. 82 The County suffered when the Eighty Years' War raged in the neighbouring Netherlands.

After her brother Adolf died in 1589, Magdalena inherited the Lordships of Alpen, Helpenstein, Linnep and the office of city advocatus of Cologne. When her half-sister Amalia died in 1590, Magdalena inherited the County of Limburg and Hohenlimburg Castle. However, the Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, who was the liege lord of Limburg, did not recognize her right to inherit and claimed Limberg for himself as a completed fief. Archbishop Ernest of Cologne occupied Limburg militarily in 1584, with permission from the Emperor, to prevent this expansion of the Duke's territory. He then tried to keep the county and annex it to his Archbishopric. Although Magdalena's right to inherit was recognized by the courts, the county and the castle remained occupied by Cologne, until 1610. Cologne only ended the occupation when it was pressured by the Netherlands.[3] After Cologne retreated from Limburg, Magdalena appointed her son Conrad Gumprecht as governor.

After Arnold died in 1605, his father's territories were divided among her sons. Some of them were still minors, and she acted as regent until 1609.[2]:p. 82

In 1611, Calvinism was introduced in Limburg. In 1616, she ceded the county to Conrad Gumprecht. In 1618, he died and ownership of the county reverted to Magdalena, who appointed her son's widow Johanetta Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg as governor.

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Magdalena van Nieuwenaar -Alpen (Neuenahr)'s Timeline

1551
January 1, 1551
Steinfurt, Münster, NRW, Germany
1574
December 22, 1574
Steinfurt, Münster, NRW, Germany
1576
January 14, 1576
Bentheim, NDS, Germany
1577
1577
Bernburg (Saale), SA, Germany
1578
January 4, 1578
Steinfurt, Hochstift Münster, Deutschland(HRR)
1580
April 4, 1580
Steinfurt, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
1581
May 15, 1581
Tecklenburg, Münster, NRW, Germany
1584
February 4, 1584
Bad Bentheim, Lower Saxony, Germany
1585
March 10, 1585
Burg Apotheke, Steinfurt, Steinfurt, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany