Marie-Therèse Chouteau

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Marie-Therèse Chouteau (Bourgeois)

Also Known As: ""La Mere de St. Louis", "" Marie Thérèse Bourgeois", "Laclède", "Laclede", "Madame Chouteau Chouteau", "Madame Chouteau Bourgeois"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States
Death: August 14, 1814 (77-85)
St Louis, Missouri, United States
Place of Burial: St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Nicholas Charles Bourgeois and Marie Josephe Bourgeois
Wife of Rene Auguste Chouteau and René Auguste Chouteau, Sr.
Partner of Pierre Augustin Laclède
Mother of René Auguste Chouteau, Jr.; Renoto Chouteau; Jean-Pierre Chouteau; Marie Pelagie Labbadie; Marie Louise Papin and 1 other
Sister of Nicholas Charles Bourgeois; Louis-Francois Bourgeois; George Bourgeois; Nicholas Jean Baptiste Bourgeois; Laurent Bourgeois and 8 others

Occupation: housewife & business woman, Mother of Founder of St. Louis MO, land owner
2nd Partner: Pierre De Laclede Liguest - born 11/22/1729 in France and died on 5/27/1778 on the Mississippi River enroute to St. Louis from New Orleans. They had 4 children together
Managed by: James C. Lansing
Last Updated:

About Marie-Therèse Chouteau

Marie Thérèse Chouteau (Bourgeois) was mother of Auguste Chouteau (founder of St. Louis). Madame Chouteau was born in New Orleans & orphaned early in life. In 1749 she married Rene Auguste Chouteau, but left him shortly after the birth of Auguste because of his abusiveness to her. Madame Chouteau arrived in St. Louis in 1764 soon after her son had founded the city with Pierre Laclede. Madame Chouteau was the first white woman to live in St. Louis. She was also its first businesswoman, successfully managing a fur trading enterprise & accumulating a large amount of property. She introduced honey bees to the community & her charitable endeavors & nurturing ways led her to be known affectionately as "La Mere de St. Louis."


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie-Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_Bourgeois
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie-Therese_Bourgeois_Chouteau

Marie-Therese Bourgeois Chouteau (January 14, 1733 – August 14, 1814) is the matriarch of the Chouteau fur trading family which established communities throughout the Midwest.

She was born in New Orleans to a French father (Nicolas Bourgeois) and Spanish mother (Marie Joseph Tarare).[1]

When she was 15 an arranged marriage was made to tavern keeper and baker René Auguste Chouteau, Sr. on September 20, 1748.

According to commonly accepted histories, René deserted her after she gave birth to René Auguste Chouteau in 1749.

She began a relationship with Pierre Laclède around 1755 and was to bear four children with him including Jean Pierre Chouteau in 1758.

After Laclede (along with his stepson Auguste Junior) established St. Louis, Missouri in 1764, he is said to have built her a house in 1767. The same year the elder René Chouteau demanded that authorities return her to New Orleans. In 1774 Louisiana Governor Luis de Unzaga ordered her to return. However she did not and the order was ignored until the elder Chouteau died in 1776. .[1]

Laclède died in 1778. Upon the death of Madame Chouteau in 1814, she set her Indian slave free. She was buried on the grounds of the Basilica of St. Louis, King of France (which is now on the grounds of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. However when bodies were dug up in 1849 to move them to Calvary Cemetery and Bellefontaine Cemetery during a cholera epidemic, her body could not be found.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6133773

Mother of Auguste Chouteau (founder of St. Louis). Madame Chouteau was born in New Orleans & orphaned early in life. In 1749 she married Rene Auguste Chouteau, but left him shortly after the birth of Auguste because of his abusiveness to her. Madame Chouteau arrived in St. Louis in 1764 soon after her son had founded the city with Pierre Laclede. Madame Chouteau was the first white woman to live in St. Louis. She was also its first businesswoman, successfully managing a fur trading enterprise & accumulating a large amount of property. She introduced honey bees to the community & her charitable endeavors & nurturing ways led her to be known affectionately as "La Mere de St. Louis."

-------------------------------- http://stlouis.genealogyvillage.com/chouteau.htm

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Marie-Therèse Chouteau's Timeline

1733
January 14, 1733
New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States
1749
September 7, 1749
New Orleans, LA, United States
1749
1758
October 10, 1758
New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States
1760
October 10, 1760
New Orleans, LA
1762
December 4, 1762
St. Louis, MO, United States
1764
March 3, 1764
New Orleans, Orleans Parish, LA, United States
1814
August 14, 1814
Age 81
St Louis, Missouri, United States