Michael Friedländer

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Michael Friedländer

Birthdate: (77)
Birthplace: Jutroschin, Grand Duchy of Posen
Death: Died in London, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Joshua Falk Friedländer and Leile Benzian
Husband of Bertha Benzian
Father of Leah Lucy Gaster
Brother of Joel Friedlander; Bertha Friedländer; Luinn Friedländer; Israel Falk Friedländer; Bune Friedländer and 2 others

Occupation: Orientalist, Principal, Jews' College, London
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Michael Friedländer

Michael Friedländer (April 29, 1833 – December 10, 1910) was an Orientalist and principal of Jews' College, London. He is best known for his English translation of Maimonides' Guide to the Perplexed, which was the most popular such translation until the more recent work of Shlomo Pines, and still remains in print.

Friedländer was born at Jutroschin, Grand Duchy of Posen. His early secular education was at a local Catholic school, and his Jewish education came from attendance of a Cheder, and from his father, who was a talmudist and Hebrew grammarian. He then attended the gymnasium, while continuing his Jewish studies under Rabbi Jacob Joseph Oettinger and Rabbi Elchanan Rosenstein.

In 1856, he began studies in classical languages and mathematics at the universities of Berlin and Halle/Saale (Ph.D. 1862), and concurrently with his university studies he pursued Talmudic learning. Settling in Berlin, he was appointed principal of the Talmud school, which position he resigned in 1865 to accept that of principal of Jews' College, London, in succession to Barnett Abrahams. There he taught theology, biblical and rabbinical exegesis, Talmud, Jewish history, mathematics, and Arabic.

He retired from this position in 1907, and died December 10, 1910. His son-in-law was Moses Gaster (1856–1939), the Hakham of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation, London, and a Hebrew linguist.


Friedländer displayed considerable literary activity. He authored a few dozen articles for the Jewish Encyclopedia. As a member of the Society of Hebrew Literature he published under its auspices:

  • The Commentary of Ibn Ezra on Isaiah, translated into English with extensive annotations (available on Google Books)
  • An Essay on the Writings of Ibn Ezra
  • A translation from the original Arabic, with notes, of Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed (1881).
  • The Jewish Religion (1890, American edition: 1946)
  • German commentary upon the Song of Songs (1867).

He also edited a Jewish Family Bible in English and Hebrew, compiled a Handbook of the Jewish Religion, made calculations on the Hebrew calendar, and contributed articles to the Jewish Quarterly Review, the Dictionary of National Biography, and other publications. Numerous papers read by him at Jews' College and elsewhere have been published.


Gaster, Theodor (1946), "Dr. Michael Friedländer (a biographical sketch)", in Michael Friedländer, The Jewish Religion (2nd ed.), New York: Pardes

This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain. The JE cites the following works:

Jewish Year Book, 1899;

Jewish Chronicle, May 8, 1903.

External links

Jewish Encyclopedia article for Michael Friedländer, written by Richard Gottheil & M. Seligsohn.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Friedl%C3%A4nder

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Michael Friedländer's Timeline

April 29, 1833
Grand Duchy of Posen
Age 37
London, UK
December 10, 1910
Age 77
London, UK