Mir Osman Ali Khan

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Mir Osman Ali Khan

Birthdate:
Death: February 24, 1967 (80)
Immediate Family:

Son of Asaf Jah Nizam VI Mehboob Ali Pasha and Zehra Begum
Husband of MUNEERA BEGUM and Muneera Begum
Father of Prince KAZIM JAH; H.E.H. Azam Jah, Walashan Nawab Mir Himayat Ali Khan Bahadur, Prince of Berar and Kazim Jah Bahadur

Managed by: Syed Asghar Ali Hyder
Last Updated:

About Mir Osman Ali Khan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir_Osman_Ali_Khan

His Exalted Highness Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah VII GCSI GBE (6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (ruler) of the princely state of Hyderabad, the largest princely state in British India. He ruled Hyderabad State between 1911 and 1948, until it was annexed by India.[1] He was styled as His Exalted Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad.[2] He was one of the wealthiest people of all time. In 1937, he was featured on the cover of Time magazine, labelled as the 5th richest man in history and the richest Indian ever.[3]

In many accounts, he is held to have been a benevolent ruler who patronized education, science and development. During his 37-year rule, electricity was introduced, railways, roads and airways were developed. He is credited with the establishment numerous public institutions in the city of Hyderabad, including the Osmania University, Osmania General Hospital, State Bank of Hyderabad, Begumpet Airport, and Hyderabad High Court. Two reservoirs, namely Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar were built during his reign, to prevent another great flood in the city.

He was also a philanthropist, donating millions of rupees to various educational and religious institutions all over India. Apart from his wealth, he was known for his eccentricities, as he used to knit his own socks, and borrow cigarettes from guests.[4]

After India's independence in 1947, the Nizam did not wish to accede his state to the newly formed nation. By then, his power had weakened due to the Telangana movement and rise of a radical Muslim militia known as the Razakars. In 1948, the Indian Army invaded and annexed Hyderabad State, and the Nizam was forced to surrender. Later he was made the Rajpramukh of Hyderabad State between 1950 and 1956, after which the state was partitioned and became part of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.[5] The Nizam died in 1967.

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