About Moses (Limoeneman/Citroen family progenitor)
Citron family progenitor.
The Citron surname first appears as Limoenman before the 1800's and originated in Eastern Europe. Those emigrating to Russia became Limonchik/Lemonchik/Lymonczyk.
Limoeneman/Limoenman/Limonchik/Lemonchik/Lymonczyk became Lehman in the US and Canada.
The Limoeneman/Citrons are Ashkenazim who came from Eastern Europe.
Jacob Moses Limoeneman, the earliest recorded ancestor of the prominent French engineer and car manufacturer, Andre Gustave Citroen, was an itinerant fruit seller; his (grand?)son, Barend Roelof Limoenman began as a working goldsmith, but became a retail jeweller, changing his name from Limoenman to the more genteel Citroën.
- (limoen and citroen being synonyms).
This surname of CITRON was a Dutch and Flemish metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of lemons.. The name has many variant spellings which include Citreon, Cytron, Zitronenbaum, Cytryn, and citronowicz. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices.
A notable member of the name was Andrea Gustave CITROEN (1878-1935) the French engineer and motor manufacturer, born in Paris. He was responsible for the mass production of armaments during World War I.
Reine Citroën, Sir Alfred Jules Ayer - British philosopher's mother, came from a family of Dutch Jews. Ayer had assumed that the Citroëns were descended from Sephardic Jews who fled from Spain in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and it is indicative of his and his family's lack of interest in their own history that it was not until Ayer met a cousin in the 1970s that he learned that they were in fact Ashkenazim who came from Eastern Europe early in the eighteenth century.
Over the next hundred years the family rose from its humble beginnings; Jacob Moses Limoenman, the earliest recorded ancestor, was an itinerant fruit seller.
His son, Barend Roelof Limoenman began as a working goldsmith, but became a retail jeweler, changing his name from Limoenman to the more genteel Citroën.
The eldest of Barend Roelof 's fourteen children followed him into the wholesale jewellery business and a shop in Amsterdam still bears his name.
Another son became a jeweler. André Citroën, who started up the great car company was his son.
The photographer, Erwin Blumfeld, the artist, Paul Citroën, a friend of Kandinsky and a member of the Bauhaus staff, and Hanan Cidor a postwar Israeli ambassador to the Netherlands (see page 38) were all descended from the same stock.
A third son also became a wealthy wholesale jeweller, and his eldest son Dorus, born in Amsterdam in 1860, was Ayer's grandfather. A stern but loving patriarch, he lived until 1935 and was in many respects the most important figure in Ayer's life.
Family Ancestors & Descendants
- Citron ,
- (Citron in Russia became Limonchik/Lemonchik/Lymonczyk [became Lehman in the US and Canada] )
Citron / Citroen Family Trees
- Citron Family / LoebTree
- Afstammelingen van Roelof Raphael Jacob Limoeneman Citroen
- Barend Baruch Roelof Raphael Citroen - Akevoth
- Naftali Citron video
- Naftali Citron YouTube classes
- Rabbi Eliyahu Chaim Carlebach zt”l. Many people know of Reb Elya’s famous twin brother, Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach, zt”l. Their father, Rabbi Naftali Carlebach, moved the family to Germany for the sake of his sons’ education, but by the 1930s, they emigrated to America, early enough to have escaped the war. Rabbi Naftali Carlebach established the Carlebach Shul on West 79th Street in Manhattan which is now run by his great-grandson, Reb Elya’s grandson, Rabbi Naftali Citron.
Citron is a Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): ornamental name from
- German Zitrone ‘lemon (tree)’;
- French: from Old French citron ‘lemon’ (from Latin citrus ‘lemon tree’)
A genus of trees including the orange, lemon, citron, etc., originally natives of southern Asia.
Citron - Etrog - Citrus Media. The phrase used by the Torah to describe the etrog is pri etz hadar or "the fruit of a beautiful tree" (Lev. 23:40).
The oral tradition from Sinai is very clear: the fruit we take today and have used for thousands of years is the etrog, or citron, known scientifically as Citrus Medica, (because of its medicinal uses, or 'Citrus Media', attributed to its Persian origin).
The etrog is also called "Adam's apple," or "paradise apple," and is one of the suggested candidates for the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge in the Garden of Eden.
In fact, the history of the citrus fruit has its roots in the Far East. Botanical historians followed the etrog from its origins in the Far East westward. Jewish tradition holds that the etrog was transmitted from father to son from the time of the giving of the Torah.
One thing is sure: by the time of Alexander the Great in 332 BCE, it was well-rooted as the first citrus fruit in the western world. The fruit is described in detail by the great Greek naturalist Theophrastus, a contemporary of Alexander, and extolled for its medicinal value as well as its fragrance.
Jewish art and coins We find numerous examples of the etrog on mosaic floors and frescoed walls of synagogues from the Roman and Byzantine period. Sometimes it appears with the lulav and other times alone.
It's such an important Jewish icon that it is also found on numerous coins of the Great Revolt in the year 66 CE, and is a common theme on the coins of the Bar Kochba rebellion of 132-135 CE. In fact, its appearance in non-Jewish art is considered to be a sign of Judaizing influences.
High finance and the etrog
It would seem that as long as Jews stayed in the moderate climate on the shores of the Mediterranean, there was no difficulty obtaining etrogim for the holiday. As people moved north into France, Germany, Poland and Russia, however, the temperature-sensitive tree could not exist and tremendous problems ensued. In fact, the halachic literature is replete with cases of only one etrog being available to fulfill an entire community's need.
The commercial aspect regarding the Jews' willingness to buy these fruits at any price was not lost on the non-Jews. In 1329, victorious Guelph Florence prohibited the republic of Pisa from engaging in the etrog trade, keeping the lucrative business for itself. Empress Maria Theresa (mid-18th century) demanded a huge annual tax of 40,000 florins from the Jews of Bohemia for the right to import their etrogim, citrons.
A grafted-citron tree, known as a murkav, has a life expectancy of 30 to 35 years, is more durable, and requires less care. After just a few years, the place where the two trees were joined becomes difficult to detect, and it is then virtually impossible to determine if a tree is pure or grafted. At times the graft union is below ground level, adding difficulty to the diagnosis.
Maimonides discusses grafting etrogim, albeit not in the context of Succot but rather related to the pagan rituals that often accompanied the grafting procedure.
The first discussion of a concern over an etrog murkav is by scholars of the Holy Land and Italy in the 16th century, who probably personally witnessed what was by then a widespread procedure. Rabbi Meir Katzenellenbogen, known as the Maharam mi'Padua (1482-1565, Padua, Italy) and Rabbi Moshe Alshich (1508-ca. 1593 Safed), a student of Rabbi Joseph Karo, the author of the Shulchan Aruch, or Code of Jewish Law, were among the first to discuss and prohibit the grafted etrog.
History and Origin of Citron Name
About Moses (Limoeneman/Citroen family progenitor) (עברית)