Niel II (III) de Saint-Sauveur, vicomte de Cotentin

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Néel (Niel, Nigel) II (III) de Saint-Saveur, vicomte de Cotentin

Also Known As: "Niel", "Nigel", "Néel", "Neil", "De Saveur", "de St Sauveur", "de St. Saveur", "de Saint Sauver", "de Saint-Sauveur", "de Saint Sauveur", "Baron of Halton", "Constable of Chester", "Ivo", "Neil De /St Sauveur/", "Neil de St. Sauveur; Nigel Neil de St. Sauveur; Neil Nigel de St. S..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: St Sauveur, Cotentin Manche, Normandy, France
Death: between 1073 and 1092
Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Manche, Lower Normandy, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Neil (I) II, viscount de Saint-Sauveur and Wife of Niel de Saint-Sauveur, II
Husband of Adèle de Brionne
Father of Billeheude de Saint Sauveur; Guillaume d'Aubigny, seigneur de Saint-Martin-d'Aubigny; Mlle. de St. Sauveur; Emma de Saint-Sauveur; Mathilde de Saint-Sauveur and 4 others
Brother of Yvo "Bellomontensis" de Cotentin, [NOT de Beaumont or Vicomte/Viscount]; Albreda and Eudes (Odo) de Saint-Sauveur, Vicomte de Contentin

Occupation: Vicomte, de Cotentin, Viscount of Cotentin, Monk
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Niel II (III) de Saint-Sauveur, vicomte de Cotentin

Neel II was one of the leaders of an insurrection of Norman barons against Duke William in 1046-1047, led by Guy of Burgundy. "After an ambush near Valognes on the Cotentin Peninsula failed, the rebel nobles—Guy of Burgundy, Nigel of the Cotentin [fr], Rannulf of the Bessin, Ralph Tesson of Thury, Grimoald of Plessis, and Hamon Dentatus (Haimo of Creully)—raised an army of about 25,000 men." In response, William went to King Henry who raised an army of about 10,000 men. They met in the summer of 1047 at Val-es-Dunes near Conteville in 1047, a battle won by William. After the battle, "there was still strong opposition to William among the Norman nobles, but they were forced to declare a "Truce of God" at Caen in October 1047. This truce, backed by the full endorsement of the Church, stated that private wars or vendettas were prohibited from Wednesday evening to Monday morning. The truce gave William special rights to defend his title and the public order; he did not, along with King Henry I, have to abide by the order. Even though William's position was still weak, with Gui of Burgundy still holding out and William having to pardon many of the barons who had opposed him, it would be five years before he had to face another major revolt." (quotes from Wikipedia). According to Histoire du château et des sires de Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte (Léopold Delisle, 1867), the vanquished Neel de Saint-Sauveur was punished by a short-lasting confiscation of his fiefs.

Neel was dead by 1092 and his brother Eudes became Viscount of the Cotentin, although he died within a decade or so. He was succeeded by Neel III (presumed son of Neel II), who was succeeded by Roger II. Roger, having no children, passed the office to his niece Leticie who was married to Jourdain de Tesson, which is when the control of the Cotentin left the hands of the Saint-Sauveur family.

This Neel and his wife Adele had TWO sons named William. One became William d'Aubigny.

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm#_Toc279557169:

NEEL [II], son of NEEL [I] Vicomte [de Cotentin] & his wife --- (-1 Aug, before [1073] or 1092). "…

  • Nielli vicecomitis, Nielli filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1413].
  • "…Willelmus filius Guillelmi, Niellis juvenis, Hatuardus Rex, Hunfredus Namo, Guillelmus filius Ranoldi, Rogerius filius Hunfredi, Joffredus vicecomes, Hugo filius Huberti, Hunfredus Parvus" witnessed the charter dated to [1042] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated "nostras insulas Serc et Aurrene, propter medietatem Grenere" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel, supported by "Rannulfo filio Anschitilli"[1414].
  • Guillaume de Poitou records that "Nigellum præsidem Constantini pagi" supported "Guido filius Burgundionum comitis" in his rebellion, dated to [1047][1415].
  • Orderic Vitalis records that "Ranulfum Bajocensem ac Haymonem Dentatum et Nigellum de Constantino" rebelled against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy at the battle "apud Vallesdunas"[1416].
  • A charter dated 1075 records that "comitissa Adeliz, Ricardi comitis filia, Roberti comitis soror" held "castrum…Hulme in Constantino" and that "Guido filius suus" (Guy Comte Palatin de Bourgogne) later granted it to "Nigello vicecomiti"[1417].
  • "…Nielli vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1418].
  • Delisle suggests that Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confiscated his assets after the battle of Val des Dunes[1419]. However, the subsequent references in primary sources to Vicomte Néel suggest that this confiscation, if it took place, must have been reversed.
  • "…Nielli vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1054 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation of "terram…Sancta Columba…dedit Niellus clericus" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1420].
  • "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060], witnessed by "…Ingulfus dapifer, Rogerius filius Toraldi, Unfredus filius Ansquitilli, Rainaldus Foliot, Ricardus de Sturavilla, Gosfridus filius Rotberti Venatoris, Nigellus de Glanvilla, Rodulfus camerarius…Serlus filius Alveredi, Ricardus Britesonis filius"[1421].
  • The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Noel de S. Sauveur le Viconte" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[1422].
  • "Nigellus vicecomes" founded the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by undated charter, dated to [1080] in the compilation[1423].
  • The charter of his brother Eudes (see above) clarifies that Néel [II] was the founder of Saint-Sauveur. However, the charter dated to [1073], under which William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli", previously made by "suus pater", of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[1424] suggests that Néel [II] had died before this date. If this is correct, the foundation charter of Saint-Sauveur must be dated to before [1073].
  • A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Nigello vicecomite, Eudone vicecomite" among the deceased at "sancti Salvatoris de Constantino"[1425].
  • The necrology of Saint-Sauveur records the death "pridie Id Aug" of "Nigellus vicecomes qui monachos hic constituit"[1426].

m ADELA de Brionne, daughter of GILBERT de Brionne "Crespin" Comte d'Eu & his wife ---. "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1427]. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Aug 1060 under which "milite…Richardo…fratribus Willelmo…atque Balduino" donated "Gausberti Villa" to Chartres Saint-Père, which states that "Nigello" married "sororem suam", witnessed by "Willelmus filius Osberti, Walterius Giffardus…Rodbertus Bertrannus, Willelmo Marmio…Willelmus Corbucionis filius…Raberius et Willelmus de Vernone…Bernardus filius Vulmari"[1428].

Néel & his wife had eight children: 1. NEEL [III] (-[before 1092]). William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli", previously made by "suus pater", of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier by charter dated to [1073][1429]. A charter dated to [1076] records a judgment passed by "Rannulfus vicecomes, Niellus filius Nielli, Rotbertus de Vezpunt", in a court of William I King of England, relating to the monastery of Mont-Saint-Michel[1430]. "…Nigelli de Constantino…" witnessed a charter dated to [1077] under which William I King of England granted property to the abbey of Saint-Etienne de Caen[1431]. "…Nigellus de Constantino" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[1432]. A charter dated to [1090] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus vicecomes" and others[1433]. same person as…? --- . A charter dated to [1136] records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, first constructed "tempore vetuli Ricardi comitis" (Richard II Duke of Normandy) "et Rogeri vicecomitis", the placing of monks by "Nigellus vicecomes", and the donations by "nepotes autem eius Nigellus…et Rogerius"[1434]. The supposed brothers Néel [IV] and Roger [II] were therefore grandsons of Néel [II]. Their father must have been one of the sons of Néel [II]. Although he is not identified, it is reasonable to suppose that he was Néel [III]. m ---. ...

2. ROGER . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1445].

3. GUILLAUME . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1446].

4. GUILLAUME . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1447].

5. GERARD . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1448].

6. EMMA . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1449].

7. BILELDIS . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1450].

8. MATHILDE . "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1451].


Sources

  • [1413] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 9, p. 10.
  • [1414] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 17, p. 19.
  • [1415] Gesta Willelmi ducis Normannorum et regis Anglorum a Willelmo Pictaviensi…archidiacono, p. 80.
  • [1416] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, p. 231.
  • [1417] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 34, p. 37.
  • [1418] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 22, p. 26.
  • [1419] Delisle (1867), p. 19.
  • [1420] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 24, p. 27.
  • [1421] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1422] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 236.
  • [1423] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 38, p. 42.
  • [1424] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 33, p. 36.
  • [1425] Delisle (1866), p. 204.
  • [1426] Neustria Pia, p. 540.
  • [1427] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1428] Chartres Saint-Père, Tome I, XXVII, p. 152.
  • [1429] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 33, p. 36.
  • [1430] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 36, p. 40.
  • [1431] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 37, p. 41.
  • [1432] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 44, p. 49.
  • [1433] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 45, p. 50.
  • [1434] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 48, p. 59.
  • [1435] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 48, p. 59.
  • [1436] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 48, p. 59.
  • [1437] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. V, Liber XIII, XXXIII, p. 91.
  • [1438] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. V, Liber XIII, XXXIII, p. 105.
  • [1439] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 48, p. 62.
  • [1440] Delisle (1867), p. 29, citing Rot. Norm., p. 16.
  • [1441] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 54, p. 78.
  • [1442] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 49, p. 65.
  • [1443] Neustria Pia, p. 540.
  • [1444] Delisle (1867), p. 35, citing Cartulaire de Hambie, n. 170.
  • [1445] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1446] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1447] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1448] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1449] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1450] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.
  • [1451] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 31, p. 34.

---------------------------

The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester: Volume 1 by George Ormerod, Daniel King, William Smith, William Webb (sheriff.), Sir Peter Leycester. London: George Routledge, 1882. pp. 689-90, footnotes.

...The Viscounts of the Cotentise (their proper designation), were the St. Sauveurs. The Barony of St. Sauveur, the premier Barony, was created by grant, by Rollo in favour of Richard de St. Sauveur, one of his chief commanders. Richard's son was Neel or Nigel, Viscount of Cotentin. Compared with the power of, and no less the ability with which that power was wielded by this long and illustrious race of Viscounts, it is scarcely too much to say that of the line of Avranche (afterwards represented by Hugh Lupus), or that of almost any other house of the Baronage of Normandy, was small. In this respect they stood in much the same position to Normandy as the Earls of Chester long afterwards stood in to England.

Their fief was scarcely less extensive, and their authority scarcely less absolute, though they were not endowed with those Palatinate privileges which added so much to the prominence of the County of Chester in the affairs of this country.

On the demise of Robert of Normandy, William, his son (afterwards the Conqueror), on being declared heir to the Crown, found himself opposed vi et armis.The Duchy became involved in war, the Roman de Rou tells us, and suffered greatly through Neel de Cotentin, otherwise St. Sauveur, and Renoulf de Bessin, two Viscounts of great power. William fled to the King of France, and soon afterwards a French army met the chief Barons of Normandy at Val des Dunes, near Caen, A.D. 1047: and it seems that the Cotentise would have gained the day but for the defection, just before the battle, of Raul Tesson de Cingueleiz (a probable ancestor of the Boydels of Doddleston), and the cowardice of Renoulf de Bricasard, Viscount of the Besin. “ But,” says the chronicle, “Neel de Cotentin fought on gallantly, and if all had been like him, the French King would have come in an evil hour. He was called, on account of his valor and skills, his bravery and noble bearing, "Chef de Faucon"--"Noble Chef de Faucon" was his title. After the battle Neel found refuge in his castle of Brionne sur Risle, and did not humble himself, and William was prudently gracious.

At the Battle of Hastings, we are informed by Master Wace, "Neel de Saint Sauveur exerted himself much to earn the love and goodwill of his lord. He overthrew many with the poitrail of his horse, and came with his sword to the rescue of many a Baron." Finally, M. Odolent Desnos (History d'Alencon, 149) states that Neel was slain in 1074 in a battle near Cardiff, and Neel his son died in 1092, as by the account of his relation, Bishop Jeffrey de Mowbray's desire to attend his funeral (Mem. Ant. Norm I. 286 II 46).

One of the last Neel Cotentin's daughters [NOTE: This is likely incorrect; more likely a niece] married Jourdain Tesson, the son of Raol before-mentioned, whose family is said to have held at one time a third of all Normandy. The other daughter and co-heir was mother to Fulk de Pratis--a name to be met with in some of the more ancient Cheshire Charters.

That there were many Nigels or Neels of this house is proved by the fact that one of the name, as mentioned by Leycester, and elsewhere, slew the forces King Ethelred had sent to invade Normandy in 1004. The same, or another of the name, c. 1024, with Auvrai le Gigant his champion, conquered Brittany for Robert le Diable.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Histoire de l'abbaye bénédictine de Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte By A. Lerosey, Abbeville, 1894. [Google Books]

NÉEL II. — Néel Ier eu pour successeur Néel II, son fils, appelé le Jeune. Nous le verrons se révolter contre Guillaume le Bâtard.

Néel II, selon M. L. Delisle, fait intervenir dans une de ses chartes, Adèle, sa femme, ses quatre fils: [Neel], Roger, Guillaume et Gérard, ses trois filles Emma, Bileul et Mathilde (i). Il est permis de supposer, dit M. L. Delisle, qu'Adèle appartenait à la famille de Reviers. On voit, en effet, dans le cartulaire de Saint-Père-de-Chartres, qu'en 1060 Richard de Reviers, sur son lit de mort, dans le château de Thimert, appela près de lui Néel, mari de sa sœur, pour lui faire part du désir qu'il avait de se réconcilier avec l'Eglise, d'être enterré à Saint-Père et de laisser à cette abbaye le tiers du domaine de Gourbesville (2).

(1) L. Delisle, Histoire du Château et des Sires de SaintSameur-le-Vicumte, Preuves, p. 34.

(2) Ibid., p. 32.

--------------------------------------------

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/N%C3%A9el_II_de_Saint-Sauveur

Néel II de Saint-Sauveur Aller à : Navigation, rechercher

Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neel.

Néel II de Saint-Sauveur est un puissant baron normand du xie siècle, vicomte du Cotentin, seigneur de Saint-Sauveur en Normandie occidentale, et l'un des chefs de la révolte de 1047 contre le jeune duc de Normandie Guillaume le Bâtard.

Sommaire [masquer] 1 Biographie 2 Famille et descendance 3 Notes et références 4 Liens externes Biographie[modifier]

Vers 1040-1042, Néel II succède à son père Néel en tant que vicomte du Cotentin, à l'extrémité ouest du duché de Normandie. Les Néelconstituent un exemple de l'hérédité de la fonction vicomtale, mais il ne semble pas que ce soit la norme en Normandie.

Peu avant 1047, Néel II de Saint-Sauveur, comme d'autres barons tels Hamon le Dentu ou Ranulph de Briquessart, se lie avec Gui de Bourgogne, prince normand par sa mère qui prétend au duché de Normandie, cherchant à écarter Guillaume le Bâtard. Pour son soutien, il reçoit de Gui l'Isle-Adam. Cependant l'armée des rebelles normands de l'actuelle Basse-Normandie est sévèrement battue à la bataille du Val-ès-Dunes (1047). Néel fuit le champ de bataille mais il est rattrapé par des chevaliers de l'armée ducale.

Le jeune duc le prive de ses biens et fonction et l'exile1. Guillaume le Bâtard lui pardonne et le rappelle en 1054 comme il le fera avec d'autres rebelles2. Néel quitte donc la Bretagne où il s'était retiré pour rejoindre la Normandie. Cependant les pouvoirs de la vicomté sont dorénavant assumés par d'autres : Robert Bertrand de Bricquebec notamment.

Dans les années 1080, Néel refonde l'abbaye proche de son château de Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte. Son frère Odon lui succède en retrouvant tous les pouvoirs de vicomte.

Famille et descendance[modifier]

Néel II de Saint-Sauveur épouse Adèle de Brionne, fille du richardide Gilbert de Brionne, comte d'Eu. Ils ont 7 enfants :

Néel III de Saint-Sauveur ; Roger ; Guillaume ; Gérard ; Emma ; Bileldis ; Mathilde.

Notes et références[modifier]

↑ Guillaume de Poitiers, Vie de Guillaume le Conquérant, Éd. Guizot, 1825, p.331 ↑ Le pardon des bannis est une pratique assez courante chez le duc Guillaume. Il rappela ainsi Roger Ier de Tosny, Hugues de Grandmesnil, Ranulph de Briquessart. Liens externes[modifier]

(en) Néel II de Saint-Sauveur sur Medieval Lands


Niel De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)

  • Born: ABT 996
  • Died: ABT 1066 / AFT 1080
  • Father: Niel De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)
  • Mother: Helena of Normandy
  • Married 1: ¿?

Children:

  • 1. Dau. St. SAUVEUR

Married 2: Adela D'EU

Children:

  • 2. William D'AUBIGNY
  • 3. Nigel De St. SAUVEUR
  • 4. Roger De St. SAUVEUR
  • 5. William De St. SAUVEUR
  • 6. Matilda De St. SAUVEUR
  • 7. Emma De St. SAUVEUR
  • 8. Belinda De St. SAUVEUR
  • 9. Gerard De St. SAUVEUR

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/DAUBENEY.htm#Niel De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)2

his father:

Niel De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)

  • Born: ABT 968
  • Died: 1045
  • Father: Roger De St. SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)
  • Mother: ¿?
  • Married: Helena of Normandy

Children:

  • 1. Ivo De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)
  • 2. Niel De St. SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)
  • 3. Mauger De SAUVEUR
  • 4. Richard (Thurston Haldup) SAUVEUR

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/EURE.htm#Niel De SAUVEUR (V. Cotentin)1

======

His ancestry said to be:

9th generation

Neil (Nigel III) de St. Sauveur, Viscount of the Cotentin, (son of Nigel II & Helena, daughter of Richard II); revolted with other barons against Duke William of Normandy in 1047; defeated and banished by Duke William and settled at d'aubigney in Brittany.

8th generation

Neil (Nigel II) de St. Sauveur, Viscount of the Contentin (son of Roger de St. Sauveur); defeated the army of King Aethereld of England in valley of the Sair; married Helena, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

7th generation

Roger de St. Sauveur, Viscount of the Cotentin (son of Neil); enlarged Chapel of St. Sauveur.

6th generation

Neil (Nigel), Viscount de St. Sauveur and joint Lord of Channel Islands (son of Richard).

5th generation

Richard, Viscount of the Cotentin in 933; (son of Malhulc); joint Lord of Channel Islands; founder of Chapel of St. Sauveur.

4th generation

Malhulc (son of Eystein Glumra & Asda); went with nephew Rollo to Normandy; founder of family of Viscounts de St. Sauveur in the Cotentin, and also the families of Toeni, Conches, and Viscounts of Bayeux, all of which tie into the Abney family.

3rd generation

Eystein Glumra, Earl of the Uplands in Norway, (son of Ivar); Married Asda, daughter of Rangwald, Earl of Jutland.

2nd generation

Ivar "The Great," Earl of the Uplands in Norway; (son of Haldane)

1st generation

Haldane "The Old," Earl of the Uplands in Norway, born about 775

http://www.jerrybernard.com/BernardGenerations.htm

Om Niel II (III) de Saint-Sauveur, vicomte de Cotentin (Norsk)

Nigel fra Saint-Sauveur, Visegreve av Contentin

Nigel Neel Nielus vicomes er omtalt som vitne i charter eller registrert i følgende år :

  • 1030 vitne da Robert II hertug av Normandie donerte til klosteret i Mont-Saint-Michel
  • 1042 vitne da Wilhwlm II hertug av Normandie donerte eiendom til klosteret i Mont-Saint-Michel.
  • 1047 Nigel støtter opprøret mot hertug Wilhelm II av Normandie, men opprøret blir slått ned ved Val des Dune Comtesse Adeliz holdt bygningen Hulme i Contentin. Det ble senere gitt til visegreven Nigel. Delisle antyder at Wilhelm II Hertug av Normandie konfiskerte Nigels eiendeler etter slaget Val des Dunes, Senre referanser i primær kilder viser inndragningen, hvis den fant sted, må ha blitt tilbakeført.
  • 1054 vitne da Wilhelm Hertug II av Normandie donerte til klosteret i Mont-Saint-Michel
  • 1060 Niellus vicecomes" donerte seks kirker på Guernsey for klosteret i Marmoutier, for sjelene av og med samtykke fra familien ---
  • 1066 i følge Chronique de Normandie, basert på le Roman de Rou, var Nigel "Noel de S. Sauveur le Viconte" blant dem som deltok i erobringen av England
  • 1080 Han grunnla klosteret i Saint-Sauveur- Charter av broren Eudes tydeliggjør at Néel var grunnleggeren av Saint-Sauveur.
  • Charter datert til 1073, under William I konge av England bekreftet donasjon av seks kirker på Guernsey til klosteret i Marmoutier Det antyder imidlertid at Nigel døde før denne datoen. Hvis dette stemmer, må charter av Saint-Sauveur være datert til før 1073.
  • I manuskript i Caen, om den døde abbedisse Mathilde, datter av William I konge av England, står det navn "Nigello vicecomite, Eudone vicecomite" blant avdøde på "sancti Salvatoris de Constantino"
  • Nekrolog i Saint-Sauveur registrerer at han døde før 1. august.

Hentet fra: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm#_Toc384196814

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Niel II (III) de Saint-Sauveur, vicomte de Cotentin's Timeline

1000
1000
Saint-Sauveur, Manche, Lower-Normandy, France
1010
1010
Saint-Martin-d'Aubigny, Basse-Normandie, France
1016
1016
St Sauveur, Cotentin Manche, Normandy, France
1035
1035
St. Saveur, Normandy, France
1073
1073
Age 57
Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Manche, Lower Normandy, France
1895
May 28, 1895
Age 57
August 29, 1895
Age 57
1909
February 7, 1909
Age 57
1912
February 29, 1912
Age 57