Osburga, Queen Consort of Wessex

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Osburga

Also Known As: "Osburh Olsac Of Wessex", "Queen Consort of Wessex Lady Mercia"
Birthdate: (48)
Birthplace: Wessex, England
Death: 855 (25-48)
Wessex, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Oslac, Ealdorman of the Isle of Wight and N.N.
Wife of Aethelwulf, king of Wessex
Mother of Æthelstan, king of Kent; Aethelswith, Queen of Mercia; Aethelbald, king of Wessex; Aethelbert, king of Wessex, Essex & Kent; Ethelred I 'the Pious', king of Wessex & Kent and 1 other

Occupation: LH2T-3BQ
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Osburga, Queen Consort of Wessex

The role of wives for the kings of Wessex in England was especially limited. They were recognized as wives but not as queens. In fact, West Saxon kings during the ninth century were determined their wives would not be called queen due to a supposedly bad experience with an earlier king’s wife.( Eadburh of the West Saxons is infamous for being an evil queen. She was the daughter of the powerful eighth century King Offa of Mercia)


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osburh

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020043&tree=LEO

Osburga or Osburh was the first wife of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and mother of Alfred the Great, "a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature".

Osburga's existence is known only from Asser's Life of King Alfred. She is not named as witness to any charters, nor is her death reported in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. It is presumed, but nowhere recorded, that she was also the mother of Alfred's older brothers Æthelstan of Wessex, Æthelbald of Wessex, Æthelberht of Wessex, Æthelred of Wessex, and of his sister Æthelswith, wife of King Burgred of Mercia. The internal chronology of Asser's life suggests that Osburga was alive after the second marriage of Æthelwulf, to the Carolingian princess Judith, in 856.

Osburga is described as the daughter of Oslac, pincerna (Chamberlain) of Æthelwulf's royal household. Oslac is described as a descendant of the fictitious Jutish kings Stuf and Wihtgar, and is also ascribed Gothic ancestry. Asser may not however have been familiar with Bede,who writes that the Jutish inhabitants of the Isle of Wight- descendants of Stuf (although Wihtgar was probably fictitious)-were "destroyed", so it is unlikely that Oslac was their descendant. Oslac and Osburga are known to have held Arreton Manor on the Isle of Wight. Oslac is described as "The Chief Butler of England", although it is uncertain what this title implies. Asser clearly identifies "Gothic" as synonymous with "Jute", although this is also uncertain. Ironically Alfred's Jutish blood and descent from the Isle of Wight kings more likely came from his father's side, via the sister of King Arwald, wife of Egbert I of Kent

h


B: Abt 810

 of, Wessex, , England 

M: Abt 837 Family: [Group Sheet] 1 Ethelwulf King of Wessex

 Children: 
 • Athelstan Prince of Wessex  
 • Ethelbald King of Wessex  
 • Ethelbert King of Wessex  
 • Ethelred I King of Wessex  
 • Ethelswith Queen of Mercia  
 • Alfred King of England, [The Great] 

OSBURGA2 (Oslac of the of the ISLE OF WIGHT1), daughter of (1) Oslac of the1 ISLE OF WIGHT, was born between 794 and 835, and died between 849 and 945. She married (ANZ-15) KING AETHELWULF OF WESSEX of Wessex, England, United Kingdom, son of (ANZ-14) King Egbert and Raedburga, who was born circa 795/800[2], and died on 13 Jan. 858[2]. [3]

Dau. of Oslac, the royal cup-bearer. [2] Children: See (ANZ-15) King Aethelwulf of WESSEX

1. W. H. Turton, "Plantagenet Ancestry" (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1928), 21. 2. Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., "Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700", 8th ed. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004). 3. Ibid., (1-13+).



 

Because a well-known story about the childhood of King Alfred has his mother Osburga offering a book of poems to whichever of her children memorized a poem first, some historians think she may have been able to read, a very rare accomplishment for a woman of her day.

 

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=1465


BOOKS Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p75: "279S Aethelwulf, King of England, (S of 269, F of 287); fought against Danish invaders; married Osburgh."

Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Aethewulf, Son of Ecgbert King of West Saxons, King of Wessex 839- Deposed 856, Died 858, Mar =1 Osburga Daughter of Oslac the Chief Butler, =2 Judith Daughter of Charles II The Bald King of France =ii Aethelbald."

The Formation of England 550-1042, HPR Finberg, 1974, Paladin, p123: "...Ethelwulf reached Rome by June 855, and stayed there for twelve months. He was now a widower..."

ANCESTRAL FILE Ancestral File 8HS0-24 Osburga Queen of WESSEX Born Abt 803, Ancestral File Ver 4.10 FLGQ-GK Osburgh Queen of WESSEX Born Abt 810 Wessex England.

MARRIAGE: Marriage Information: Osburgh married King Ethelwulf WESSEX, son of King Egbert WEST SAXONY and Queen Redburch Wessex WEST SAXONY, in 857. (King Ethelwulf WESSEX was born about 801-806 in , Wessex, England, died on 13 Jan 857-858 in , , England and was buried in Stamridge).


Queen Osburga, a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature; she was daughter of Oslac, the famous butler of King Ethtelwulf, which Oslac was a Goth by nation, descended from the Goths and Jutes, of the seed, namely, of Stuf and Whitgar, two brothers and counts; who, having received possession of the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic, and his son Cynric their cousin, slew the few British inhabitants whom they could find in that island, at a place called Gwihtgaraburgh.

Osburga or Osburh was the first wife of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and mother of Alfred the Great, "a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature".

Osburga's existence is known only from Asser's Life of King Alfred. She is not named as witness to any charters, nor is her death reported in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. It is presumed, but nowhere recorded, that she was also the mother of Alfred's older brothers Æthelstan of Wessex, Æthelbald of Wessex, Æthelberht of Wessex, Æthelred of Wessex, and of his sister Æthelswith, wife of King Burgred of Mercia. The internal chronology of Asser's life suggests that Osburga was alive after the second marriage of Æthelwulf, to the Carolingian princess Judith, in 856.

Osburga is described as the daughter of Oslac, pincerna (Chamberlain) of Æthelwulf's royal household. Oslac is described as a descendant of the fictitious Jutish kings Stuf and Wihtgar, and is also ascribed Gothic ancestry. Asser may not however have been familiar with Bede,who writes that the Jutish inhabitants of the Isle of Wight- descendants of Stuf (although Wihtgar was probably fictitious)-were "destroyed", so it is unlikely that Oslac was their descendant. Oslac and Osburga are known to have held Arreton Manor on the Isle of Wight. Oslac is described as "The Chief Butler of England", although it is uncertain what this title implies. Asser clearly identifies "Gothic" as synonymous with "Jute", although this is also uncertain. Ironically Alfred's Jutish blood and descent from the Isle of Wight kings more likely came from his father's side, via the sister of King Arwald, wife of Egbert I of Kent

of, Wessex, , England M: Abt 837 Family: [Group Sheet] 1 Ethelwulf King of Wessex

Children: • Athelstan Prince of Wessex • Ethelbald King of Wessex • Ethelbert King of Wessex • Ethelred I King of Wessex • Ethelswith Queen of Mercia • Alfred King of England, [The Great]


OSBURGA2 (Oslac of the of the ISLE OF WIGHT1), daughter of (1) Oslac of the1 ISLE OF WIGHT, was born between 794 and 835, and died between 849 and 945. She married (ANZ-15) KING AETHELWULF OF WESSEX of Wessex, England, United Kingdom, son of (ANZ-14) King Egbert and Raedburga, who was born circa 795/800[2], and died on 13 Jan. 858[2]. [3] Dau. of Oslac, the royal cup-bearer. [2] Children: See (ANZ-15) King Aethelwulf of WESSEX

1. W. H. Turton, "Plantagenet Ancestry" (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1928), 21. 2. Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., "Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700", 8th ed. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004). 3. Ibid., (1-13+). -------------------- --------------------

Because a well-known story about the childhood of King Alfred has his mother Osburga offering a book of poems to whichever of her children memorized a poem first, some historians think she may have been able to read, a very rare accomplishment for a woman of her day.

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=1465 -------------------- BOOKS Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p75: "279S Aethelwulf, King of England, (S of 269, F of 287); fought against Danish invaders; married Osburgh."

Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Aethewulf, Son of Ecgbert King of West Saxons, King of Wessex 839- Deposed 856, Died 858, Mar =1 Osburga Daughter of Oslac the Chief Butler, =2 Judith Daughter of Charles II The Bald King of France =ii Aethelbald."

The Formation of England 550-1042, HPR Finberg, 1974, Paladin, p123: "...Ethelwulf reached Rome by June 855, and stayed there for twelve months. He was now a widower..."

ANCESTRAL FILE Ancestral File 8HS0-24 Osburga Queen of WESSEX Born Abt 803, Ancestral File Ver 4.10 FLGQ-GK Osburgh Queen of WESSEX Born Abt 810 Wessex England.

MARRIAGE: Marriage Information: Osburgh married King Ethelwulf WESSEX, son of King Egbert WEST SAXONY and Queen Redburch Wessex WEST SAXONY, in 857. (King Ethelwulf WESSEX was born about 801-806 in , Wessex, England, died on 13 Jan 857-858 in , , England and was buried in Stamridge). -------------------- Queen Osburga, a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature; she was daughter of Oslac, the famous butler of King Ethtelwulf, which Oslac was a Goth by nation, descended from the Goths and Jutes, of the seed, namely, of Stuf and Whitgar, two brothers and counts; who, having received possession of the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic, and his son Cynric their cousin, slew the few British inhabitants whom they could find in that island, at a place called Gwihtgaraburgh.

OSBURH http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/Kings-Queens-of-Wessex/ Æthelwulf, 839 – 858

Æthelwulf was already the king of Kent before his ascension to the throne of Wessex, a title awarded to him by his father in 825. Keeping to this family tradition, when Egbert died in 839 Æthelwulf subsequently handed Kent to his own son, Æthelstan, to rule it on his behalf.

Not much is known about Æthelwulf’s reign except that he an extremely religious man, prone to the occasional gaffe, and rather unambitious, although he did fairly well at keeping the invading Vikings at bay (namely at Carhampton and Ockley in Surrey, the latter of which was said to have been ‘ the greatest slaughter of heathen host ever made’.) Æthelwulf was also said to have been rather fond of his wife, Osburh, and together they bore six children (five sons and a daughter).

In 853 Æthelwulf sent his youngest son, Alfred (later to become King Alfred the Great) to Rome on a pilgrimage. However after the death of his wife in 855, Æthelwulf decided to join him in Italy and on his return the following year met his second wife, a 12 year old girl called Judith, a French princess.

Quite to his surprise, when Æthelwulf finally returned to British shores in 856 he found that his oldest surviving son, Æthelbald, had stolen the kingdom from him! Although Æthelwulf had more than enough support of the sub-kings to reclaim the throne, his Christian charity led him to cede the western half of Wessex to Æthelbald in an attempt to keep the kingdom from breaking out into civil war.

When Æthelwulf died in 858 the throne of Wessex unsurprisingly fell to Æthelbald.

Æthelbald 858 – 860

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Osburga, Queen Consort of Wessex's Timeline

807
807
Wessex, England

Birth aproximtely 810

830
830
Age 23
Wessex, UK
833
833
Age 26
Wessex, UK
834
834
Age 27
United Kingdom
835
835
Age 28
Wessex, UK
837
837
Age 30
Wessex Kingdom, England
849
849
Age 42
Modern Wantage, Berkshire, England
855
855
Age 48
Wessex, England
1911
June 20, 1911
Age 48