Patrick McSwiney, Pres. Irish College, Paris
|Birthplace:||Cork, Cork, County Cork, Ireland|
|Death:||Died in Cork, Cork, Ireland|
|Place of Burial:||Whitechurch, Cork, Whitechurch Cemetery, Ireland|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Patrick McSwiney, Pres. Irish College, Paris
April 4 1791 Patrick McSwiney - son of Patrick and Ellen McSwiney - birth registry St. Marys and St Annes RC - North Parish Registry [ (Register 9, page 102, entry 4] - was born at the McSwiney family home at Ballyvolane House, north-east Cork.
(Ballyvolane House was also called "The College" as it was the building that Dr. Moylan had selected as his original seminary for Cork).
An ancient Ostman family, the Coppingers, owned Ballyvolane and leased it to the McSwineys, who owned nearby grain mills. (Although Roman Catholic, the Coppingers had their homes and estates saved from confiscation by Oliver Cromwell because of a good deed towards him by a youthful Coppinger while studying in Belgium.)
Patrick studied at the new Catholic seminary of Maynooth
[In the 1790s it was clearly a problem to find teaching and administrative staff in a country when there had never been a seminary. Fortunately there was a solution in the many émigré priests who had fled the French Revolution. Some were French, some Irish, the latter being strongly French in culture. In consequence, the College had a strong 'French' flavour at the beginning. - Source 'Maynooth' website]
Among Patrick's contemporaries were future dignatories of the Irish church - writers, scholars and controversialists - (Archbishop of Tasmania) Murphy, (Bishop) Denvir, MacHale, O'Keeffe, Michael Fitzgerald, Coll, Brennan. [Source: "The Late Archbishop Murphy", p. 645]
Through the friendship of the McSwineys with the Coppingers, it was arranged that the Bishop of Cloyne, Dr. William Coppinger, should ordain Patrick in 1813 after he had completed his seminarial studies.
Patrick became Professor at St. Mary's College, Maynooth.
After the closure of St. Mary's College at Maynooth Patrick moved to Carlow College.
1819 - 1824 Professor of Moral Theology, Carlow College
(Carlow College was notable for educating many Catholic priests)
- 1819, October - Dr. McSweeny was appointed Professor of Moral Theology in succession to Dr. Doyle (upon the latter's advancement to the See of Kildare and Laighlin).
- 1827 - took a prominent part in the memorable Biblical Discussion at Carlow College.
In the year following the Evangelical missionaries wishing to renew the controversy of supporting the Biblical doctrines, Dr. Doyle had prohibited his priests from accepting their challenge. Dr. McSweeney actually resigned his position as Professor in order to be free to enter the lists, which he professed his readiness to do, single-handed, against the six (Protestants) who sent the challenge, or as many others as they might wish to add. He called them "non-commissioned apostles." The debate was chaired by Daniel O'Connell. Patrick's letter is contained with the "Collections relating to the dioceses of Kildare and Leighlin".] The six-day disputation led directly to his Paris promotion in 1928.
1828 Rector (President) of the Irish College, Paris, France for twenty-two years.
[Source: Henchion, Richard. Biography of "Dr Patrick McSwiney : President of the Irish College, Paris" - Old Blarney, 4 (1999), 55-61. Person as subject: McSwiney, Patrick, 1790-1865]
McSweeney was a champion of the Church Belligerant, believing he had to forge priests tough and sharp, like himself, for the wider hostile world ahead of them.
To put his term of office into context (source: Wikipedia "Irish College in Paris"): "After the French revolution, the Irish college in Paris was re-established by a decree of the first consul, and placed under the control of a board appointed by the French Government. To it were united the remnants of the property of the other Irish colleges in France which had escaped destruction. The college in Paris lost two-thirds of its endowments owing to the depreciation of French state funds, which had been reduced to one-third consolidated.
After the Bourbon Restoration, the French Government placed at the disposal of the British government three million and a half sterling, to indemnify British subjects in France for the losses they had sustained in the Revolution. In 1816 a claim for indemnity was presented on behalf of the Irish college. That claim was rejected by the privy council in 1825 on the grounds that the college was a French establishment.
In 1832 the claim was renewed by Dr. M'Sweeny, director of the college, with the same result."
References to Patrick in Paris are at: "Macnamara's Irish Colony and the United States Taking of California in 1846", page 36, by John Fox
The current-day Centre Culturel Irlandais (Irish College) in Paris has three major collections:
- the Médiathèque, a resource centre on contemporary Ireland;
- The Old Library of the Irish College, which contains more than 8000 books written or published between the 15th and 19th centuries; and
- The Irish College Archives which features some 19,000 records of the College during its time as a seminary.
Extract from the book "Father Tom" by Peter McLoughlin: "Walked with Cousin Dan by the old McSweeny mansion* where Dr. Patrick McSweeny of Paris fame was born, and then away out on a country road where we could see the family graveyard (Whitechurch Cemetery) in the distance." (*The mansion was 'Ballyvolane'.)
Suffered from rheumatism and gout until he went to Vichy, France (Source: his nephew, Dean Denis McSwiney)
After his retirement as Rector of the Irish College in Paris (c. 1850 because of declining health, acc to Denis McSwiney, Dean of Cork), Patrick still spent most of his time in Paris with occasional visits home. On one of those visits to Cork in 1865 he took ill and died.
1865 Death at McSwiney family home - Ballyvolane House, Cork.
The old R.C. Cemetery in Whitechurch - one of the McSwiney obelisks shows the date 14 August 1865, as well as his proved Will (see below). One side of the Obelisk has an inscription dedicated to Patrick:
HERE? LIE IN THE HOPE OF A GLOURIOUS RESURECTION THE MORTAL REMAINS OF V REV PATRICK McSWINEY DD PRESIDENT IRISH COLLEGE PARIS THAT ANCIENT NURSERY & ASYLM OF THE IRISH CLERGY HE BY PRUDENT & ZEALOUS EFFORT RESCUED FROM DECAY AND MADE IT BY HIS WISDOM PREACHING ? AND EXAMPLE AN ILLUSTRIOUS SCHOOL OF PRIESTLY VIRTUE & SCIENCE. HE LEFT HIS LARGE MEANS TO? THE ORPHANS & POOR OF CORK HIS NATIVE DIOCESE & FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH. HE DIED IN PIOUS SENTIMENTS AT CORK AUGUST 14 1865 AGED 75 YEARS RIP
"In his Will he bequeathed 2000 British Pounds to the Orphans in Cork, and 1000 British Pounds each to the North and South Presentation Convents and Presentation Convent in Bandon, for the charities under their care." [Source 'Bandon Parish Church ...old diary'....courtesy of Fr. Denis O'Leary, Parish Priest, Bandon in 2010]
Will was proved by Executors Rev Denis McSwiney, RC Curate, and Daniel McSwiney of Ballyvolane, Merchant. The published Will mentions Patrick left effects under 1500 British Pounds (Source: FindMyPast.ie published wills)
Patrick McSwiney, Pres. Irish College, Paris's Timeline
April 8, 1791
Cork, Cork, County Cork, Ireland
August 14, 1865
Cork, Cork, Ireland
Whitechurch, Cork, Whitechurch Cemetery, Ireland