Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie

How are you related to Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie?

Connect to the World Family Tree to find out

Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie (Richards)

Also Known As: "John Oliver Hobbes (pseudonym)"
Birthplace: Chelsea, Suffolk County, MA, United States
Death: August 13, 1906 (38)
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom (Heart attack)
Place of Burial: Kensal Green, Brent, London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John Morgan Richards and Laura Hortense Richards
Ex-wife of Reginald Walpole Craigie
Mother of John Churchill Craigie, MC
Sister of Edward Cowles Richards; John Morgan Richards, Jr.; Nelson Mortimer Richards and Dorothy Christine Luck

Occupation: Author, novelist and playwright, writing under the pseudonym of John Oliver Hobbes
Managed by: Jessica Marie German
Last Updated:

About Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie

Page 368

Bibliographic information:


Newspaper Name Index, USA, Canada, and Australia [online database], MyHeritage Ltd.

Reginald Walpole Craigie

The Philadelphia Record - 1887-03-23
Text: ... few minutes lo 2 Reginald Walpole Craigie, nephew of the Duchess of Marlborough, arrived, attended by his best man, brother of Campbell Bannerman, thc Liberal member. Tho fifteen minutes? graco allowed thc bride was used by Ibe ...
Publication title: The Philadelphia Record
Publication place: Philadeplhia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
Date: Mar 23 1887


DAR information:

Page 51

Historical Books - Index of Authors and People Mentioned, 1811-2003 [online database], MyHeritage Ltd.

Laura Hortense Arnold

Laura Hortense Arnold
Mentioned in: Lineage book / National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution
Publication year: 1896


Page 285

Bibliographic information:

  • Genealogy of the Cowles families in America / compiled by Calvin Duvall Cowles.
  • by Cowles, Calvin D. (Calvin Duvall), 1849-
  • Publication date 1929
  • Publisher New Haven, Conn. : Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 1929.
  • Contributor Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center
  • No copyright.
  • Pages 1544




Reginald Walpole Craigie's wife was Pearl Mary Teresa Richards, who were subsequently divorced. Mrs Craigie was a well-known novelist and playwright, writing under the pseudonym of John Oliver Hobbes and the full fascinating story can be read at

Author .Pearl Craigie [pseud. John Oliver Hobbes] was born the first of five children to John Morgan Richards and Laura Hortense [nee Arnold]. Very soon, the family relocated to London, England where the father engaged in a patent medicine business. Pearl was educated at boarding schools and privately hired tutors, but more importantly through her insatiable appetite for literature. She was precocious and gifted, having been published for the first time at age nine. She studied music and the French language in her teens and became accomplished in both. At the age of nineteen, she married Reginald Walpole Craigie. The marriage crumbled quickly, ,but not before she bore a son, John Churchill Craigie. She was granted a divorce on the grounds of adultery and cruelty. Her first acclaimed work was "some emotions and a moral", a novella published in 1891. She produced short stories, essays, plays and nine novels; the most famous of which is "the school for saints" and "Robert Orange". Her life ended suddenly at age thirty-eight from heart failure.

English Novelist

Posted Feb 14, 2024 by esagwp

English novelist, dramatist, and convert; b. 3 November, 1867; d. 13 August, 1906. She was the eldest daughter of John Morgan Richards, a successful man of business in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A., and of Laura Hortense Arnold, a lady of distinguished colonial descent. Her father came of an intensely Calvinistic stock long settled in and about New York and New Jersey; and her grandfather, the Rev. James Richards, D.D., was a preacher and theological writer of some distinction in his time. In February, 1887, before she had completed her twentieth year, Miss Richards was married to Mr. Reginald Walpole Craigie, an English gentleman of good connections. The union, however, proved an uncongenial one, and Mrs. Craigie soon sought and obtained a legal separation with the right to the custody of her child. In 1892, as the result, it would seem, of much private and independent reflection, she was received into the Church. She had begun to turn her thoughts seriously to literature some time before this event; for already in 1891 she had ventured before the public under the pseudonym which she insisted on retaining long after her identity was known, and challenged the puzzled critics by a book to which she gave the unconventional title of "Some Emotions and a Moral". Success waited upon her from the start: "The Sinner's Comedy" (1892); "A Study in Temptations" (1893); "A Bundle of Life" (1894); "The Gods, Some Mortals, and Lord Wickenham" (1895); "The Herb Moon" (1896); "The School for Saints" (1897); "Robert Orange" (1900); "A Serious Wooing" (1901); "Love and the Soul Hunters" (1902); "The Vineyard" (1904); "The Flute of Pan" (1905); "The Dream and the Business" (published after her death of 1906); - these with plays like "Journeys End in Lovers Meeting: Proverb," in one act, written for Miss Ellen Terry (1894); "the Ambassador", produced at the St. James's theatre in London (1898); "Osbern and Ursyne", a tragedy in three acts, published in the "Anglo-Saxon Review" (1899); "A Repentance", a drama in one act, produced at the St. James's Theatre and afterwards at Carisbrooke Castle (1899); "The Wisdom of the Wise", produced at the St. James's theatre (1900); and "The Bishop's Move" (1902), of which she was author only in part, represent the sum of her considered work, the output she preferred to be judged by. As she grew older in the wisdom of her art, the religious quality which seems to lie inevitably behind all her theory of life emerged more and more into prominence. It reached its height in "The School for Saints" and its sequel "Robert Orange". Whether in literary form or in artistic intention she never rose beyond the achievement of these two books. They are intensely serious, intensely human, and almost too religious; yet they are modern and alive. Mrs. Craigie was in the full enjoyment of a well deserved fame, yet hardly at the acme of her powers, when death came to her suddenly from heart disease.

view all

Pearl Mary Teresa Craigie's Timeline

November 3, 1867
Chelsea, Suffolk County, MA, United States
August 15, 1890
Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom
August 13, 1906
Age 38
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
August 13, 1906
Age 38
St. Mary's Roman Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green, Brent, London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom