Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke

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About Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke,_2nd_Earl_of_Hardwicke

Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke FRS (9 March 1720 – 16 May 1790) was an English politician.


The eldest son of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, he was educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. In 1741 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society.

He sat in the House of Commons as member for Reigate (1741–1747), and afterwards for Cambridgeshire; and he kept notes of the debates which were afterwards embodied in Cobbett's Parliamentary History. He was styled Viscount Royston from 1754 till 1764, when he succeeded to the earldom. In politics he supported the Rockingham Whigs. He held the office of teller of the exchequer, and was lord-lieutenant of Cambridgeshire and high steward of Cambridge University. He edited a quantity of miscellaneous state papers and correspondence, to be found in manuscript collections in the British Museum. Between 1756 and 1760, he served in the honorary position of vice president of the Foundling Hospital, a charitable institution providing for London's abandoned children.


With his brother, Charles Yorke, he was one of the chief contributors to Athenian Letters; or the Epistolary Correspondence of an agent of the King of Persia residing at Athens during the Peloponnesian War (4 vols., London, 1741), a work that for many years had a considerable vogue and went through several editions.


On 22 May 1740, he married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who became in her own right Marchioness Grey. They had two daughters:

Lady Amabel Yorke (1750–1833), married Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth; no issue.

Lady Mary Yorke (1757–1830), married the 2nd Baron Grantham and had issue.

He was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew Philip.

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