Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

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Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913
Birthdate: (80)
Birthplace: Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Death: August 7, 1941 (80)
Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Place of Burial: Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Immediate Family:

Son of Maharishi Devendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi Tagore
Husband of Mrinalini Devi Tagore
Father of Madhurilata Tagore; Rathindranath Tagore; Renuka Devi Tagore; Mira Devi Tagore and Shamindranath Tagore
Brother of Dwijendranath Tagore; Satyendranath Tagore; Hemendranath Tagore; Birendranath Tagore; Saudamini Devi Gangopadhyay and 8 others

Occupation: Writer, Painter
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

Rabindranath Tagore (Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর), also written Ravīndranātha Thākura, sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. Sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal", Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal.

A Pirali Brahmin from Calcutta with ancestral gentry roots in Jessore, Tagore wrote poetry as an eight-year-old. At the age of sixteen, he released his first substantial poems under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha ("Sun Lion"), which were seized upon by literary authorities as long-lost classics. By 1877 he graduated to his first short stories and dramas, published under his real name. As a humanist, universalist internationalist, and ardent anti-nationalist, he denounced the British Raj and advocated independence from Britain. As an exponent of the Bengal Renaissance, he advanced a vast canon that comprised paintings, sketches and doodles, hundreds of texts, and some two thousand songs; his legacy endures also in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.

Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and resisting linguistic strictures. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation. His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla. The Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.

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Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913's Timeline

1861
May 7, 1861
Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
1886
1886
Age 24
1888
1888
Age 26
1891
1891
Age 29
1894
1894
Age 32
1896
1896
Age 34
1941
August 7, 1941
Age 80
Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India