Refil Björnsson, sea-king

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Refil Björnsson, sea-king

Birthplace: Sweden
Death: 887 (86-95)
Uppsala, Uppsala, Uppsala County, Sweden
Place of Burial: Sweden
Immediate Family:

Son of Björn Ironside
Father of Erik II Refilsson, king of Uppsala
Brother of Erik Björnsson, King of the Swedes

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Refil Björnsson, sea-king

Refil Björnsson, sea-king

  • Son of Björn Ironside
  • Hervarar saga does not mention that Refil should have been king of Svearike, but on the other hand that Refil's son Erik Refilsson must have succeeded Erik Björnsson as king of the Swedes.

Refil Björnsson, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Refil Björnsson (c. 800?) was a Swedish prince, grandson of Ragnar Lodbrok, who allegedly flourished in the early Viking Age and had a certain dynastic importance. His historical existence is uncertain.

Virtually our only source for his person is the Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks (13th century) that concludes with a brief chronicle of Swedish kings up to 1118. This text says that the renowned Viking ruler Ragnar Lodbrok, after his demise, was succeeded by his various sons who ruled over Sweden, Denmark, the eastern lands (Austrríki) and England. Björn Ironside was assigned the Swedish realm. This information is historically problematic since Björn is otherwise known to have performed Viking raids in West Francia in the 850s and allegedly died in Frisia in the early 860s. According to the Hervarar saga Björn had two sons called Erik and Refil. Erik inherited the Swedish kingship, though he only ruled for a short time. The younger son Refil was a "warrior king and sea king" (herkonungr ok sækonungr), in other words a princely raider on the lines of his father and grandfather. When the main ruler Erik died, Refil was apparently dead already, since the next ruler was Refil's son Erik Refilsson who is praised as a great warrior and all-mighty king.

The late and compilatory nature of the Hervarar saga makes is difficult to assess the possible historicity of Refil or his son. According to the Skaldatal a certain Alf Jarl the Small composed one or several praise poems for Erik Refilsson, though nothing of this has been preserved. The name Ræfill is found in a list (Þula) of legendary and mythical figures, that is included in Snorri's Edda, in a section with poetic names for sea kings. Many of these sea kings have names ending with -ill which speaks for them being poetic inventions.

Source Refil Björnsson - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -örnsson


  • Refil var sønn av Björn Ironside. Ifølge «Hervarar saga», var han en stor krigsherre og en rik konge ("mikill hermaðr ok allríkr konungr").
  • Kilde:
  • Ellehøj, Svend (1965) Studier over den ældste norrøne historieskrivning. Hafniæ: Munksgaard.
  • Storm, Gustav (1877) "Ragnar Lodbrok og Lodbrokssønnerne; Studie i dansk Oldhistorie of nordisk Sagnhistorie", Historisk Tidskrift 2:1 [1]
  • Tolkien, Christopher, & Turville-Petre, G. (eds) (1956) Hervarar Saga ok Heidreks. London: Viking Society for Northern Researc

About Refil Björnsson, sea-king (svenska)

Refil var son till sveakungen Björn Järnsida. Hervarar saga nämner ingenting om att Refil skulle ha varit kung av Svearike, men däremot att Refils son Erik Refilsson skall ha efterträdit Erik Björnsson som kung av svearna.

According to Hervarar saga, Refil was a son of the Swedish king Björn Ironside and the brother of its next king Erik Björnsson. He appears in Hervarar saga and in Nafnaþulur. According to these sources, Refil was a great warlord and a sea-king who would have lived in the early 9th century.

It was Refil's son Erik Refilsson who inherited the Swedish throne upon Erik Björnsson's death, which suggests that Refil may not have been alive at the time.

According to Skáldskaparmál, Refil is also the name of the sword of Regin, brother of Fafnir.

Refil var sønn av Björn Ironside. Ifølge «Hervarar saga», var han en stor krigsherre og en rik konge ("mikill hermaðr ok allríkr konungr"). Kilde:

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Refil Björnsson, sea-king's Timeline

Age 18
Uppsala, Uppsala, Uppsala County, Sweden

Gifte och barn
Emund Eriksson.

Age 91
Uppsala, Uppsala, Uppsala County, Sweden