Rhieinfellt verch Royth

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Rhieinfellt verch Royth

Also Known As: "Rieinmellt verch Rhoeth"
Birthplace: Deira, Northumbria, England (United Kingdom)
Death: December 11, 704 (99-108)
Whitby, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Royth ap Rhun
Wife of Ōswīg, King of Northumbria
Mother of Alchflaed; Ecgfrið, king of Northumbria; Ælfwine, Sub-king in Deira; Osfrith and Osthryth

Managed by: Erin Ishimoticha
Last Updated:

About Rhieinfellt verch Royth

See Peter Bartrum, https://www.geni.com/documents/view?doc_id=6000000173393042914 (February 5, 2023; Anne Brannen, curator)

(Born c.AD 600)

(Welsh: Rhiainfelt; Latin: Reginbelta; English: Regina)

Rhiainfelt was the grandaughter of Prince Rhun. She married, as his first wife, Prince (later King) Oswiu of Northumbria around 638 and thus became mother of King Alcfrith. Sadly, she appears to have died within a few years of their marriage. It has been suggested that this was a political alliance designed to pass the run-down Kingdom of Rheged into the more stable hands of Saxon Northumbria. There is little evidence to back up this theory, but the idea is appealing. Was Rhiainfelt's father, Rhoedd, really the last King of an independant Rheged?

  • Riemmelth (Rhiainmelt) verch Rhoeth


  • Rhoeth ap Rhun






  • Oswy King of Northumbria

born about 0612

died 15 February 0669/70


  • Alchfled (Alfreda) of Northumbria

Alfrith of Northumbria

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:



"Biographical Encyclopedia of the Kings & Queens of Great Britain" by Mike Ashley

Eanflæd (?) (1)

F, #173781, b. 626

Last Edited=26 Oct 2007

    Eanflæd (?) was born in 626. (2) She was the daughter of Edwin, King of Northumbria and Æthelberg (?). (1) She married Oswiu, King of Northumbria, son of Æthelfrith, King of Northumbria and Acha (?). (1)

Children of Eanflæd (?) and Oswiu, King of Northumbria

-1. Osthryth (?)+ d. 697 (1)

-2. Ecgfrið, King of Northumbria b. 645, d. 20 May 685 (1)

-3. Ælfflæd (?) b. 654, d. bt 713 - 7141

-4. Ælfwine, Sub-king in Deira b. c 661, d. 679 (1)

Forrás / Source:



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eanflæd (19 April 626 – 11 December 704) was the daughter of King Edwin of Deira and Æthelburg, daughter of King Æthelberht of Kent. In about 642 she married King Oswiu of Bernicia. After Oswiu's death in 670 Eanflæd retired to the Deiran family monastery of Whitby Abbey where she was abbess from around 680 until her death.

Birth, baptism, exile

Eanflæd's mother had been raised as a Christian, but her father remained uncommitted to the new religion when she was born on the evening before Easter in 626 at a royal residence by the River Derwent. Bede recounts that earlier on the day that Eanflæd was born, an assassin sent by Cwichelm of Wessex made an attempt of Edwin's life. Edwin, prompted by Æthelburg's bishop, Paulinus, agreed to Eanflæd's baptism and promised to adopt Christianity himself if he was granted a victory over Cwichhelm. Eanflæd was baptised, Bede says, on the feast of Pentecost (8 June 626) with eleven others of the royal household.[3]

Edwin campaigned successfully against Cwichelm and adopted the new faith in 627.[4] His reign ended in 633 with his defeat and death at the battle of Hatfield Chase. Fleeing the unsettled times which followed Edwin's death, Æthelburg, together with Bishop Paulinus, returned to Kent where Eanflæd grew up under the protection of her uncle King Eadbald of Kent.[5]

[edit]Return, marriage

In 642 Oswiu, King of Bernicia, head of the rival Northumbrian dynasty, sent a priest named Utta to Kent, now ruled by Eanflæd's cousin Eorcenberht, to ask for her hand in marriage.[6] Oswiu had already been married, to a British princess named Rieinmellt, but had recently become King on the death of his brother Oswald at the battle of Maserfield. King Penda of Mercia, the victor of Maserfield, dominated central Britain, and Oswiu was in need of support. Marriage with Eanflæd would provide Kentish, and perhaps Frankish, support, and any children Oswiu and Eanflæd might have would have strong claims to all of Northumbria.[7] The date of the marriage is not recorded.[8]

If Oswiu's goal in marrying Eanflæd was the peaceful acceptance of his rule in Deira, the design was unsuccessful. By 644 Oswine, Eanflæd's paternal second cousin, was ruling in Deira.[9] In 651 Oswine was killed by one of Oswiu's generals. To expiate the killing of his wife's kinsman, Oswiu founded Gilling Abbey at Gilling where prayers were said for both kings.[10]

[edit]Mother, patron of Wilfred, supporter of Rome

Oswiu's complicated series of marriages and liaisons makes identifying the mothers of his children difficult. Eanflæd's children with Oswiu were, with varying degrees of certainty, Ecgfrith, Ælfwine, Osthryth and Ælfflæd. Aldfrith, Ealhfrith and Ealhflæd were not born to Eanflæd.[11]

Eanflæd was the early patroness of Wilfred, who played a large part in Northumbrian politics in the reigns of Ecgfrith, Aldfrith and Osred, and elsewhere in 7th century Britain. When Wilfred wished to travel on pilgrimage to Rome, the Queen recommended him to her cousin the Kentish king Eorcenberht.[12]

[edit]Widow, abbess, saint

Eanflæd retired to the family monastery at Whitby on Oswiu's death. Following the death of her kinswoman Hild in 680, she was abbess jointly with her daughter Ælfflæd. She died in the reign of her stepson Aldfrith (685–704). During this time, the remains of King Edwin were reburied at Whitby.[13]

Some late sources give her feast day as 24 November. Along with Edwin, Oswiu, Hilda, and later Ælfflæd, she was buried at Whitby. William of Malmesbury believed that her remains had later been removed to Glastonbury Abbey where a monument to her was said to exist in the 12th century.[14]


^ Britannica.com

^ Catholic.org

^ Thacker; Bede, Ecclesiastical History, Book II, Chapter 9. Thacker notes that according to a Welsh tradition recorded in the Historia Brittonum, chapter 64:

Eanfeld, his daughter, received baptism, on the twelfth day after Pentecost, with all her followers, both men and women. ... If any one wishes to know who baptized them, it was Rhun son of Urien.

Higham, Northumbria, p. 81, suggests Sancton as the location of the royal residence in question.

^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, Book II, Chapter 13.

^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, Book II, Chapter 20. Bede states that Æthelburg did not trust her brother, or Edwin's sainted successor Oswald, with the lives of Edwin's male descendants whom she sent to the court of King Dagobert I in Francia.

^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, Book III, Chapter 15.

^ Higham, Convert Kings, p. 225; Holdsworth "Oswiu"; Thacker.

^ Thacker states "in or shortly after 642"; Holdsworth, "Oswiu", prefers 643.

^ Kirby, pp. 91–92; Yorke, 'Kings, pp. 78–79.

^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, Book III, Chapter 14; Holdsworth, "Oswiu"; Thacker; Higham, Convert Kings, pp. 226–230.

^ Higham, Northumbria, p. 80; Kirby, pp. 90 & 143; Thacker.

^ Eddius, Life of Wilfred, cc. 2–3.

^ Holdsworth, "Edwin"; Lapidge, "Eanflæd"; Thacker. Thacker gives her death date as "after 685", Lapidge, circa 704.

^ Thacker.


"Eanflæd". Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Retrieved on 2007-09-15.

Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Translated by Leo Sherley-Price, revised R.E. Latham, ed. D.H. Farmer. London: Penguin, 1990. ISBN 0-14-044565-X

Eddius, "Life of Wilfrid" in D.H. Farmer (ed.) & J.H. Webb (trans.), The Age of Bede. London: Penguin, 1998. IBN 0-140-44727-X

Higham, N.J., The Convert Kings: Power and religious affiliation in early Anglo-Saxon England. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7190-4828-1

Higham, N.J., The Kingdom of Northumbria AD 350-1100. Stroud: Sutton, 1993. ISBN 0-86299-730-5

Holdsworth, Philip, "Edwin, King of Northumbria" in M. Lapidge, et al., (eds), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. ISBN 0-631-22492-0

Holdsworth, Philip, "Oswiu" in M. Lapidge, et al., (eds), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. ISBN 0-631-22492-0

Lapidge, Michel, "Eanflæd" in Michael Lapidge et al., The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell, 1999. ISBN 0-631-22492-0

Lapidge, Michel, "Paulinus" in Michael Lapidge et al., The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell, 1999. ISBN 0-631-22492-0

Thacker, Alan (2004). "Eanflæd (St Eanflæd) (b. 626, d. after 685)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on 2007-08-20.

St. Enflaed, Abbess of Whitby

(AD 626-704)

Princess Enflaed was the daughter of King Edwin of Northumbria, by his second Wife, St. Ethelburga of Lyming. She was born at Easter AD 626, and baptised at Pentecost by St. Paulinus, her mother's chaplain. On the defeat of her father in AD 633, she shared the flight of her mother and Bishop Paulinus to Kent and was brought up partly at the court of her uncle, King Edbald, and partly at the first nunnery built in England, at Lyming, where her mother was abbess.

Oswiu succeeded his brother, St. Oswald, as King of Bernicia, and by conquest, became King of Deira, the other part of Northumbria. In AD 642, he married the young Enflaed, who was his maternal cousin. Like his wife, he was a Christian and during his twenty-eight years' reign did so much for the advance of Christianity in his own and the neighbouring kingdoms, despite some inexcusable actions, chief among which was the assassination of his rival, King Oswin of Deira. At the instigation of Enflaed, and in expiation of the murder of Oswin, Oswiu built a monastery at Gilling, the scene of the tragedy; so that holy men might make constant intercession for the souls of the murdered and the murderer. Enflaed's piety and good works were well known to the Pope and, in appreciation of her virtues, he sent her a cross made out of the chains of St. Peter and St. Paul, with a gold key to it.

Queen Enflaed became a friend and patron of St. Wilfred (the Elder), a man very famous in the annals of the early Anglo-Saxon Church. It was through Enflaed's influence that, as a boy of thirteen, Wilfrid was enabled to become a monk and, five years afterwards, she assisted him in making his first journey to Rome. It was largely because of such continental trips that Wilfred began the Roman versus Celtic Easter calendar debate which divided the English Church in the mid-7th century. To resolve the ensuing arguments, a conference was held, in AD 664, at St. Hilda's monastery at Whitby. It was widely attended by both clergy or laity, all who had a right to vote in national affairs. St. Enflaed was on the side of St. Wilfrid, the champion of the Roman cause. The result of the conference was a decree, by King Oswiu, that Easter should be everywhere observed according to the Roman calendar.

After King Oswiu's death on a pilgrimage to Rome in AD 670, Enflaed spent the rest of her life as a nun at Whitby, to where his body was returned. She ruled as Abbess along with her daughter, St. Aelfflaed of Whitby. She died at Whitby on 11th December AD 704 was buried beside her husband.

Edited from Agnes Dunbar's "A Dictionary of Saintly Women" (1904).

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Rhieinfellt verch Royth's Timeline

Deira, Northumbria, England (United Kingdom)
Northumberlandshire, UK
December 11, 704
Age 104
Whitby, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)