Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork

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About Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork

Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork, 1st Baron Clifford of Lanesborough


Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork (20 October 1612 – 15 January 1698) was Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and a cavalier.

Early years

He was born in The College in Youghal, the second son and sixth child of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork and his second wife, formerly Catherine Fenton. Richard Boyle, Jr., was knighted on 13 August 1624, at his father's house in Youghal, by Lord Falkland, the Lord Deputy of Ireland. He then went on travels abroad with an annual allowance of £1500.

Civil War

In 1639 he undertook to raise, arm, and provide 100 horse to attend upon King Charles I in his expedition into the north of England against the Scots. For this and other occasions his father supplied him with £5553 sterling. Richard Boyle was returned as Member of Parliament for Appleby in the Long Parliament of 1640, and appointed a member of the Privy Council of England, but was subsequently excluded for his Royalist sympathies after the outbreak of the English Civil War.

He and Lord Inchiquin commanded the forces which defeated the Irish irregular army at the Battle of Liscarroll on 3 September 1642, thereby preserving the Protestant interest in southern Ireland for the remainder of the decade. A cessation of hostilities was concluded with the Irish a year later (September 15, 1643). He then applied to the King, in December, for consent to bring his regiment to serve him in England, and landed his men near Chester the following February. He then marched to the King's aid in Dorset, supplying this monarch with large sums of money for his cause.

He fought throughout the Civil War until the final defeat of the Royalist forces. The Commonwealth fined him £1631 sterling and he then went abroad, returning to Ireland at the request of the government, dated 2 January 1651.

Peerages and appointments

Upon the death of his brother Lord Boyle of Kinalmeaky on 2 September 1642, Richard Boyle succeeded as 2nd Viscount Boyle of Kinalmeaky. King Charles I thereafter created him Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, in the County of York, on 4 November 1644. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Cork upon the death of his father on 15 September 1643.

Following the Restoration Lord Cork was appointed a Privy Councillor; and Lord Treasurer of Ireland on 16 November 1660. On 22 February 1660 he was made Custos Rotulorum of the counties of Cork and Waterford, and, on 19 March 1660, was appointed one of the Commissioners for the settlement of Ireland following the King's declaration to that effect of 30 November 1659. On 25 June 1661, he took his seat above all the peers, as Lord Treasurer, in the Irish Parliament.

He had a reversionary grant date 5 July 1661, of the command of a troop of horse, and on 24 March 1662, he was made governor of the fort of Harbouling on the river Cork, @ six shillings a day.

King Charles II created him Earl of Burlington on 20 March 1664, and on 13 March 1666, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire.

The Earl of Cork with several other noblemen and Bishops of the Church of Ireland were opposed to the attempts of King James II regarding the restoration of Roman Catholicism and petitioned the King on 17 November 1688 to call a parliament "regular and free in all its circumstances". This petition had a hostile reception from James. Following the arrival of William of Orange in England King James removed to Ireland where he called a parliament in 1689, which passed a general act of attainder against the Protestants, and confiscated their estates, among whom was the earl of Cork. This was overturned by King William the following year.

On 3 March 1691, he was appointed one of the newly incorporated Society of the Royal Fishery in Ireland.

Family and Death

At the age of 22 he married the 21-year-old Lady Elizabeth Clifford, daughter of Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland, on 5 July 1635 in Skipton Castle. They had six children:

Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan (1639–1694).
Richard Boyle, who died on 3 June 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft.
Frances Boyle.
Elizabeth Boyle, who married Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet.
Mary Anne Boyle, who married Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich.
Henrietta Boyle, who married Lawrence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester.

Lord Burlington died on 6 January 1698 and was buried on 3 February 1698 at Londesborough in Yorkshire. He was succeeded by his grandson, Charles Boyle, 2nd Earl of Burlington.

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Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork's Timeline

October 20, 1612
Youghal, , Cork, Ireland
Age 12
Age 25
September 12, 1639
Age 26
Age 27
Age 30
Age 33
January 15, 1698
Age 85