Richard Purdy Wilbur

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Richard Purdy Wilbur

Russian: Ричард Перди Wilbur
Birthdate: (96)
Birthplace: New York, NY, United States
Death: October 14, 2017 (96)
Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Lawrence Leazar Wilbur and Helen Ruth Wilbur
Husband of Mary Charlotte Hayes Ward

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Purdy Wilbur

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wilbur

Richard Purdy Wilbur (born March 1, 1921) is an American poet and literary translator. He was appointed the second Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1987, and twice received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, in 1957 and again in 1989.


Early years


Wilbur was born in New York City and grew up in North Caldwell, New Jersey. He graduated from Montclair High School in 1938, having worked on the school newspaper as a student there. He graduated from Amherst College in 1942 and then served in the United States Army from 1943 to 1945 during World War II. After the Army and graduate school at Harvard University, Wilbur taught at Wesleyan University for two decades and at Smith College for another decade. At Wesleyan, he was instrumental in founding the award-winning poetry series of the University Press. He received two Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry and, as of 2011, teaches at Amherst College. He is also on the editorial board of the literary magazine The Common, based at Amherst College.


Career


When only 8 years old, Wilbur published his first poem in John Martin's Magazine. His first book, The Beautiful Changes and Other Poems, appeared in 1947. Since then he has published several volumes of poetry, including New and Collected Poems (Faber, 1989). Wilbur is also a translator, specializing in the 17th century French comedies of Molière and the dramas of Jean Racine. His translation of Tartuffe has become the standard English version of the play, and has been presented on television twice (a 1978 production is available on DVD.) In addition to publishing poetry and translations, he has also published several children's books including Opposites, More Opposites, and The Disappearing Alphabet.


Continuing the tradition of Robert Frost and W. H. Auden, Wilbur's poetry finds illumination in everyday experiences. Less well-known is Wilbur's foray into lyric writing. He provided lyrics to several songs in Leonard Bernstein's 1956 musical, Candide, including the famous "Glitter and Be Gay" and "Make Our Garden Grow." He has also produced several unpublished works including as "The Wing" and "To Beatrice".


His honors include the 1983 Drama Desk Special Award and the PEN Translation Prize for his translation of The Misanthrope, both the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the National Book Award for Things of This World (1956), the Edna St Vincent Millay award, the Bollingen Prize, and the Chevalier, Ordre des Palmes Académiques. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959. In 1987 Wilbur became the second poet, after Robert Penn Warren, to be named U.S. Poet Laureate after the position's title was changed from Poetry Consultant. In 1989 he won a second Pulitzer, this one for his New and Collected Poems. On October 14, 1994, he received the National Medal of Arts from President Clinton. He also received the PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for Translation in 1994. In 2006, Wilbur won the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize. In 2010 he won the National Translation Award for the translation of The Theatre of Illusion by Pierre Corneille. In 2012, Yale conferred an honorary degree, Doctor of Letters, on Wilbur.


Bibliography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wilbur#Bibliography


Richard Wilbur was born in Manhattan in New York City on March 1, 1921, to portrait artist Lawrence Lazear Wilbur and Helen Ruth Purdy. His mother's father and grandfather were newspaper editors. When he was two years old, the family moved to North Caldwell, New Jersey, at the time a rural village, where he spent his boyhood. In 1942, Wilbur graduated from Amherst, married Mary Charlotte Hayes Ward, and signed up for the Enlisted Reserve Corps. Sent to Europe the following year, he joined the 36th (Texas) Infantry Division. During WW II, in Europe, he witnessed the horrors of Anzio, Cassino, and the Siegfried Line. He later said that these experiences led him to be a poet.

"Wilbur felt influences from both sides of his family. He enjoyed drawing and creating cartoons when he was young, but he also had a passion for words. His interests were combined when he began writing poems, since he uses vivid visual images in his poetry." (eNotes)

Family

  • Wife: Mary Charlotte Hayes Ward (1922 -2007)
  • Children:
  • Ellen Dickinson
  • Christopher Hayes
  • Nathan Lord
  • Aaron Hammond

Accolades and Prizes

His honors include the 1983 Drama Desk Special Award for his translation of The Misanthrope, the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the National Book Award, both in 1957, the Edna St Vincent Millay award, the Bollingen Prize, and the Chevalier, Ordre National des Palmes Académiques. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959.[8] In 1987 Wilbur became the second poet, after Robert Penn Warren, to be named U.S. Poet Laureate after the position's title was changed from Poetry Consultant. In 1989 he won a second Pulitzer, this one for his New and Collected Poems. On October 14, 1994, he received the National Medal of Arts from President Clinton. In 2006, Wilbur won the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize. In 2010 he won the National Translation Award for the translation of The Theatre of Illusion by Pierre Corneille.

Sources

О Ричард Перди Wilbur (русский)

Ри́чард Пе́рди Уи́лбер (англ. Richard Purdy Wilbur; 1 марта 1921 года, Нью-Йорк, США - 14 октября 2017 года) — американский поэт и переводчик. Дважды лауреат Пулитцеровской премии (1957 и 1989). Уилбер родился в 1921 году в Нью-Йорке. В 1942 году окончил Амхерстский колледж, в 1947 году - Гарвард. Преподавал в колледжах, в 1945 - 1955 годах жил в Риме. С 1957 года - профессор английской литературы в Веслианском университете, Коннектикут.

Он посвятил себя поэзии, вернувшись со Второй мировой войны, и стал одним из самых узнаваемых поэтов своего поколения. Отмечается, что он был приверженцем классической версификации - метра и ритма - в эпоху экспериментов и получил две Пулитцеровские премии - одну за книгу "Вещи этого мира" в 1957 году, вторую - за сборник "Из старых и новых стихов" в 1989 году.

Пик его популярности в США пришелся на 1950-1960-е годы, когда вышли стихотворные сборники "Прекрасные перемены и другие стихотворения" (The Beautiful Changes and Other Poems, 1947), "Церемония" (Ceremony, 1950), "Вещи этого мира" (Things of This World, 1956, премия Пулитцера и Государственная премия), "Совет пророку" (Advice to a Prophet, 1962), "Стихи" (Poems, 1963), "Дорога к сну" (Walking to Sleep, 1969).

Он переводил на английский язык пьесы Жана Расина, Мольера, стихи Иосифа Бродского и Анны Ахматовой. Иосиф Бродский перевел несколько стихотворений Уилбера из сборника "Из старых и новых стихов" на русский язык, отмечает сайт "Горький". Кроме того, его высоко оценивал Набоков.

Директор Центра поэзии и литературы Библиотеки конгресса Роберт Каспер сказал, что если "Эшбери открыл целый новый вид поэзии, то Ричард Уилбер напомнил нам о прочной силе традиции: что стихи о естественном мире и о любви, написанные классической, традиционной рифмой и метром, все еще будут продолжать иметь значение в будущем".

Family

  • Wife: Mary Charlotte Hayes Ward (1922 -2007)
  • Children:
  • Ellen Dickinson
  • Christopher Hayes
  • Nathan Lord
  • Aaron Hammond

Accolades and Prizes

His honors include the 1983 Drama Desk Special Award for his translation of The Misanthrope, the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the National Book Award, both in 1957, the Edna St Vincent Millay award, the Bollingen Prize, and the Chevalier, Ordre National des Palmes Académiques. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959.[8] In 1987 Wilbur became the second poet, after Robert Penn Warren, to be named U.S. Poet Laureate after the position's title was changed from Poetry Consultant. In 1989 he won a second Pulitzer, this one for his New and Collected Poems. On October 14, 1994, he received the National Medal of Arts from President Clinton. In 2006, Wilbur won the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize. In 2010 he won the National Translation Award for the translation of The Theatre of Illusion by Pierre Corneille.

Sources

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Richard Purdy Wilbur's Timeline

1921
March 1, 1921
New York, NY, United States
2017
October 14, 2017
Age 96
Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States