Robert Fitzwalter, 1st Baron Fitzwalter

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Robert Fitzwalter, I

Birthplace: Henham, Essex, England
Death: January 18, 1326 (74-83)
Dunmow Priory, Dunmow, Essex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Walter FitzRobert, Lord of Little Dunmow and Ida "secunda" de Longespee
Husband of Alianore FitzWalter and Devorguilla de Burgh
Father of Ida Neville; Robert Fitzwalter; Christina Marshall and Walter FitzRobert
Brother of Ela de Longespee; Katherine (nun) Fitz Walter and Lora (Nun) Fitz Walter

Managed by: Private User
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About Robert Fitzwalter, 1st Baron Fitzwalter

Medlands: English Lords D–K:—

  • "Walter & his wife had four children:
    • "1. ROBERT FitzWalter (Henham 1247-18 Jan 1326). He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWalter.
    • "m firstly DEVORGUILLA de Burgh, daughter of JOHN de Burgh of Wakerley, Northamptonshire & his wife Cecily Balliol ([1255]–1284, bur Dunmow Priory) A writ after the death of "John de Burgo", dated "3 Mar 8 Edw I", records that he held "Wakerle…with the barony of Launvaley…Thingdene" and names his "three daughters, Dervorguilla whom Robert son of Walter married, Hawis whom Robert de Grelee married, and Margery who is a nun at Chikessaunt…his next heirs and of full age"[231].
    • "m secondly (King’s Chapel, Westminster 1289) ELEANOR Ferrers, daughter of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his second wife Eleanor de Bohun (?–before May 1308, bur Dunmow Priory). A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1289 of “Robertus filius Walteri” and “Alienoram filiam comitis de Ferrariis, sororem comitis de Ferrers” in the King’s Chapel, Westminster[232].
    • "Robert & his first wife had two children:
      • "a) WALTER FitzRobert (Henham 1275–Dunmow Priory 1293). m (Woodham 1286) as her first husband, JOAN Engaine, daughter of JOHN Engaine of Laxton and Blatherwycke, Northants & his wife Joan de Greinville of Hallaton, Leicestershire (?–1 Jun 1315). She married secondly Adam de Welle of Well, Lincolnshire (?–1 Sep 1311).
        • "Walter & his wife had one child:
          • "i) ROBERT FitzWalter (1291-young).
      • "b) CHRISTIAN (?–before 6 Dec 1315). m WILLIAM Marshal of Hingham, Norfolk, son of JOHN Marshal & his wife Hawise --- ([24] Sep 1277–killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314). He became first Baron Marshal 1309.
    • "Robert & his second wife had one child:
      • "c) ROBERT FitzWalter ([1300/01]–6 May 1328). He succeeded his father as Lord FitzWalter." – see below.
  • References [231] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 349, p. 198. — [232] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Dunmow Parva Priory, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis necnon Fundatorum et Benefactorum eiusdem domus, p. 148.

en.Wikipedia: Robert FitzWalter, 1st Baron FitzWalter (1247–18 January 1326)

Robert Fitzwalter was the only son of Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex (son of Robert Fitzwalter), and Ida II Longespée (born after 1225), daughter or granddaughter[1] of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, illegitimate son of Henry II.[2][3] In 1258 his wardship was granted to his uncle, Sir Stephen Longespée (who was at least 12 years younger than he was).[3]

Drawing (1611) of seal of Robert FitzWalter appended to the Barons' Letter, 1301.

He came of age in 1268, and was knighted in 1274.[2] In 1275, he had licence to sell Baynard's Castle in London to Robert Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury.[4][5] In 1277, and again in 1282, he took part in the wars in Wales.[4][5] in February 1281, he was preparing to make a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela.[4] In May 1286, he accompanied Edward I to France.[4][5] On 28 June 1293, he was appointed Constable of Castell y Bere in Merionethshire, and in July of that year, of Hadleigh Castle in Essex.[4]

In August 1294, he was preparing to go to Gascony on the king's service, and was in Gascony from 1296 to 1297. On 22 July 1298, he fought at the Battle of Falkirk.[4] In 1298, he was granted a weekly fair and market at his manor in Roydon, Essex,[6] and on 12 April 1299, was appointed Captain and Keeper of the Peace in that county. In 1300, he was at the siege of Caerlaverock Castle, and in 1303 and 1306, saw service in Scotland.[4]

He was summoned to military service, to the coronation of Edward II, to various councils, and to Parliament by writs directed Roberto filio Walteri, 'whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzWalter'.[4] On 12 February 1301 he was among the barons who signed a letter intended to be sent to Pope Boniface VIII, repudiating his claim of feudal overlordship of Scotland. On 9 October 1306, he was pardoned of all debts owed to the king. In April 1310, he and his third wife, Alice, intended a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.[4] In February 1317, he was again preparing for a pilgrimage,[4] and, in November of that year, was granted custody of the town of Colchester, Essex.[6] In June 1320, he was preparing to travel beyond the seas with Edward II. On 6 August 1320, he was exempted from future military service.[4]

On 17 January 1326, immediately prior to his death, he had licence to enfeoff his son, Robert, with two manors.[7]

He died on 19 January 1326,[8] and was succeeded in the barony by Sir Robert FitzWalter, his son by his second marriage, his son Walter FitzRobert by his first marriage having predeceased him in 1293.[8]

Marriages and issue

FitzWalter married firstly, in 1259, Devorguille de Burgh (c. 1256 – 1284), elder daughter and coheiress of Sir John de Burgh (d. before 3 March 1280) of Wakerley, Northamptonshire, and Cecily de Balliol, sister of John de Balliol, King of Scots, and daughter of Sir John de Balliol of Barnard Castle, Durham,[9][10] by whom he had a son and two daughters:[8]

  • Walter FitzRobert (1275–1293), son and heir apparent, who married, in 1286, Joan d'Engaine (also d'Engayne) (d. 1 June 1315), daughter of Sir John d'Engaine of Colne Engaine, Essex, by whom he had a son, Robert, who died young, predeceasing him. He died without surviving issue in 1293 at Dunmow Priory, and was buried there.[11][12] His widow married, in or before 1296, Adam de Welles, 1st Baron Welles (d. 1 September 1311), by whom she had three sons, Robert de Welles, 2nd Baron Welles, Adam de Welles, 3rd Baron Welles, and Sir John de Welles, and three daughters, Margaret and Cecily, both of whom became nuns, and a third daughter who married a husband surnamed Mablethorpe.[12]
  • Christian de Burgh, who married William Marshal, 1st Baron Marshal (d. 24 June 1314).[12][13]
  • Blanche Fitzwalter, a nun at Barking Abbey.[12]

FitzWalter's first wife, Devorguille, died in 1284, and was buried at Dunmow Priory.[11]

He married secondly, before 11 March 1290, in the king's chapel at Westminster, Eleanor de Ferrers, daughter of Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby, and his second wife, Eleanor de Bohun, daughter of Sir Humphrey de Bohun (d. 27 October 1265) and Eleanor de Brewes,[14][15] by whom he had a son and three daughters:[16]

  • Sir Robert Fitzwalter (1300 – 6 May 1328), who married firstly Joan Botetourt, daughter of John Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt, and secondly Joan de Multon (d. 16 June 1363), eldest daughter of Thomas de Multon, 1st Baron Multon of Egremont (1276–1322).[17]
  • Ida Fitzwalter, who married firstly Sir Robert de la Warde, and secondly Hugh de Neville, 1st Baron Neville.[18]
  • Denise Fitzwalter.[6]
  • Mary Fitzwalter.[6]

Fitzwalter's second wife, Eleanor, was buried at Dunmow Priory.[11]

He married thirdly, after 10 May 1308, Alice de Montfort, widow of Sir Warin de Lisle (d. before 7 December 1296) (by whom she was the mother of Robert de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle (d. 4 January 1343), owner of the Lisle Psalter), and daughter of Sir Peter de Montfort (d. 1287) of Beaudesert Castle, Warwickshire, by Maud de la Mare,[19] daughter of Sir Henry de la Mare.[8][20]


  1. Ida II Longespée, who married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, by whom she had issue, including Ela FitzWalter, wife of William de Odyngsells. Ida II Longespée has been given different parents by different genealogists; G. Andrews Moriarty suggested the two Idas were sisters; Gerald Paget suggests Ida II who married Walter FitzRobert may have been the daughter of William Longespée II, Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Idoine de Camville.
  2. Cokayne 1926, p. 472.
  3. Richardson II 2011, pp. 205–6.
  4. Cokayne 1926, p. 473.
  5. Richardson II 2011, pp. 206–7.
  6. Richardson II 2011, p. 207.
  7. Cokayne 1926, pp. 473–4.
  8. Richardson II 2011, pp. 206–8.
  9. Richardson II 2011, pp. 206–8, 577.
  10. Cokayne 1932, pp. 528–9.
  11. Cokayne 1926, p. 474.
  12. Richardson II 2011, pp. 208–9.
  13. Richardson III 2011, p. 500.
  14. Cokayne 1926, pp. 474–5.
  15. Richardson I 2011, p. 234.
  16. Richardson II 2011, pp. 154–5, 207–9.
  17. Richardson II 2011, pp. 154, 207–10.
  18. Richardson II 2011, pp. 207–9.
  19. Cokayne 1998, p. 443.
  20. Richardson III 2011, pp. 27–8.


  • Cokayne, George Edward (1926). The Complete Peerage, Vicary Gibbs and H.A. Doubleday, eds.. Vol. V. London: St. Catherine Press.
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1932). The Complete Peerage, Vicary Gibbs, ed. Vol. VIII. London: St. Catherine Press.
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1998). The Complete Peerage, Peter W. Hammond, ed. Vol. XIV: "Addenda & Corrigenda." Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966379.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966386.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966393.

External Link: Psalter and Book of Hours, "Detailed record for Arundel 83", British Library.

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Robert Fitzwalter, 1st Baron Fitzwalter's Timeline

Henham, Essex, England
Henham, Essex, England, United Kingdom
Henham, Essex, England
Woodham Walter, Malden, Essex, England
Woodham Walter, Essex, England
January 18, 1326
Age 79
Dunmow Priory, Dunmow, Essex, England
March 30, 1995
Age 79
May 27, 1995
Age 79