Rohese de Dover, Lady of Chilham

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Rohese de Dover, Baroness of Chilham

Also Known As: "Rohsia; Rohese of /Dover; Rose de Dover; Rose of Dover II"
Birthplace: Chilham, Kent, England
Death: circa 1261 (66-83)
Chilham Castle, Chilham, Kent, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Fulbert de Dover, Baron of Chilham and Isabel de Briwere, of Devon
Wife of Richard FitzRoy, Lord of Chilham
Mother of Richard de Dover, Baron of Chilham; Isabel "de Crouin" de Berkeley, Baroness Berkeley and Lora (Lauretta) de Marmion
Half sister of Guy Wake; N.N. Wake and Hugh Wake, feudal lord of Bourne

Occupation: Heiress of Chilham
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rohese de Dover, Lady of Chilham

Before 11 May 1214, Richard FitzRoy married Rohese de Dover, daughter and heiress of Fulbert de Dover by his spouse Isabel, daughter of William Briwere.

Their children were:
1. Richard de Dover, feudal baron of Chilham, married Matilda, 6th Countess of Angus
2. Isabella, married 1247 Sir Maurice de Berkeley of Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
3. Lorette, married 1248 Sir William Marmion, Knt., of Tanfield, Yorkshire.

Richard FitzRoy's widow remarried, between 1250 and 1253, William de Wilton (killed at the Battle of Lewes), a prominent Justice. She died shortly before 11 February 1261, when there was a grant of her lands and heirs to Queen Eleanor of Provence.

Rose of Dover (d.1261), Richard of Chilham and an inheritance in Kent
- Richard Cassidy

Visitors to the ruins of Lesnes Abbey may notice a plaque on a wall:
The burial place of the heart of Roesia of Dover, great great grand-daughter
of the founder of this abbey, Richard de Lucy

The discovery of the heart in 1939, during excavations at the abbey, and
its re-interment in 1952, were recorded in this journal. Rose’s life, her
struggles to hold on to her inheritance, and her difficulties with her feckless
husband, the royal bastard Richard of Chilham, are not only a little-known
chapter in the history of an important Kent estate; they also illuminate the
problems of an heiress in the thirteenth century, who lost control of her
lands to her husband, and the unusual measures which the king took to
protect Rose from her husband’s financial difficulties. In addition, it may
be useful to try to disentangle the confusion about Richard, who was also
known as Richard son of the king, Richard de Warenne and Richard of
Dover (leading writers like Hasted to think that Rose had several husbands
named Richard, while Dugdale confused Richard with his half-brother,
Richard of Cornwall). There is a further problem of distinguishing Richard
from his son and grandson, both called Richard of Dover.
Fortunately, Rose of Dover’s ancestry is fairly clear, linking her to two
families who were significant landowners in Kent (Fig. 1). As the plaque
at Lesnes says, the abbey there was founded in 1178 by Richard de
Lucy, who was Henry II’s Justiciar. Richard de Lucy had accumulated
estates in many parts of the country, and near the end of his life he gave
part of his manor of Lesnes to endow the abbey. The Justiciar’s oldest
son died before him. That son’s two sons died young, so the Justiciar’s
grand-daughters Rose and Maud de Lucy became the heirs to the Lucy
inheritance. Rose married into a baronial family. Her husband John of
Dover was another heir, with family estates, mostly in Kent and Essex,
known as the barony of Chilham, or the lands of Fulbert of Dover.
They made up fourteen or fifteen knights’ fees, with the service of providing
castle ward at Dover castle.

John died about 1198, leaving Rose as a widow, now known as Rose
of Dover (the first). Rose and her son Fulbert became wards of William
Brewer, the long-serving administrator, notorious as one of King John’s
evil counsellors. Fulbert was married to Brewer’s daughter Isabel, and
Brewer appears to have helped himself to part of the Lucy inheritance.
Rose maintained the Lucy family connection to Lesnes abbey, with a
gift of more land in Lesnes. The machinations of William Brewer have
already been discussed at length by Sidney Painter and Ralph Turner, so
we can move on to the second Rose of Dover, only child of Fulbert and
Isabel, and thus heiress to both Lucy and Dover inheritances.
This Rose is the heiress who married Richard, the illegitimate son
of King John.
Richard’s mother was a daughter of the earl of Surrey,
possibly Isabel de Warenne. His parentage was openly acknowledged –
he is sometimes known in the official records as Richard son of the King.
His arms, shown in thirteenth-century rolls of arms, make his Plantagenet
ancestry fairly plain: they were the royal arms, but with two rather than
three lions. His seal combines these arms with the inscription ‘Seal of
Richard de Warenne’, drawing attention to both parents.
Rose and Richard were married by 1214, when King John gave to
Richard all the land which belonged hereditarily to his wife, which was
in the custody of William Brewer. Brewer was ordered to hand over
Rose’s property. As Rose’s husband, Richard was given possession of
the castle of Chilham, the seat of the barony which Rose had inherited
from Fulbert of Dover. From then on, he was often referred to as Richard
of Chilham.

In 1215, Richard was knighted, and he was shortly to be caught up in
the civil war, fighting for his father King John, then for his half-brother
Henry III, against Louis of France and his baronial supporters. King John
appointed Richard constable of Wallingford, commanding an important
stronghold. Richard’s great moment as a military leader came in August
1217, when he was one of the commanders of the fleet which defeated
a French invasion force off Sandwich. According to the chronicler
Wendover, Richard personally beheaded the French commander, Eustace the Monk.

This battle effectively ended the French threat to Henry’s minority
government. Richard then began his brief official career, as sheriff of
Berkshire and keeper of the honour of Wallingford. As sheriff, he appears
to have left the work to his deputy, Henry de Scaccario, that is, Henry
of the Exchequer. Each year, from 1218 to 1221, when the sheriff was
supposed to present his accounts for the year, it was Henry who came to
the Exchequer on Richard’s behalf. And when the sheriff was meant to
bring cash to the Treasury, it was Henry who did so, saying that Richard
was on the king’s service, or simply that Richard was in Kent or in

Click on the link for the full story.

See "My Lines"
( )
from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA
( )

Chilham Castle is a manor house and keep in the village of Chilham, between Ashford and Canterbury in the county of Kent, England.

The polygonal keep of the Norman Castle, the oldest building in the village, dates from 1174 and is still inhabited - making it perhaps one of the oldest dwellings in the UK. It was said to have been built for King Henry II. But archaeological excavations carried out in the 1920s suggest that it stands on the foundations of a much older Anglo-Saxon fortification, possibly dating from the seventh century. In June 1320, Chilham Castle was the venue for a splendid reception hosted by Bartholomew de Badlesmere for Edward II and his entourage when they were travelling to Dover en route for France.[1]

The Jacobean building, within sight of the "Old Castle" (the keep), was completed in 1616 for Sir Dudley Digges on a hexagonal plan, with five angled ranges and the sixth left open. It has battlemented parapets, clustered facetted columnar brick chimneys and corner towers with squared ogee cappings.

The Victorian tradition that this bold but vernacular house was designed by Inigo Jones[2] is not credited by architectural historians.[3] Indeed, Nicholas Stone, a master mason who had worked under Jones' direction at Holyrood Palace in 1616, and at the Whitehall Banqueting House, was commissioned to add a funerary chapel to Chilham church for Sir Dudley Digges, to contain Stone's funerary monument to Lady Digges, in 1631–32;[4] if any traces of the manner of Jones were discernible at Chilham Castle, Nicholas Stone might be considered as a candidate.[5] It is, nevertheless, one of the finer mansions in the south-east of England and commands exceptional views across the valley of the River Stour, Kent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Rohese de Dover, Lady of Chilham's Timeline

Chilham, Kent, England
Chilham Castle, Kent, England
Chilham Castle, Kent, England (United Kingdom)
Chilham Castle, Kent, England
Age 75
Chilham Castle, Chilham, Kent, England
November 10, 1992
Age 75
January 5, 1993
Age 75