Sir Alexander Crichton, M.D, F.R.S., K.B.

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Sir Alexander Crichton, M.D, F.R.S., K.B.'s Geni Profile

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Sir Alexander Crichton, M.D, F.R.S., K.B.

Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: June 04, 1856 (92)
Sevenoaks, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander Crichton of Woodhouselee and Newington and Barbara Boyes
Husband of Frances Crichton
Father of Frances Margaret Crichton; Jessie Harriet Agar; Alexander Crichton; Constantine Talbot Crichton, M.A.; Alexandrina Crichton and 2 others
Brother of Patrick Crichton, Esq.; Thomas Crichton; Margaret Crichton; William Crichton; James Crichton and 2 others
Half brother of George Crichton; William Crichton and Agnes Crichton

Occupation: Scottish Physician And Author
Managed by: Erica Howton
Last Updated:

About Sir Alexander Crichton, M.D, F.R.S., K.B.

Sir Alexander Crichton, physician to Tsar Alexander I, claimed as owner-in-fee of 1/6th of the enslaved on the Morant estate in St Thomas-in-the-East, Jamaica. The compensation money appears to have been paid to new trustees of his marriage settlement appointed at the time of compensation. ...

Crichton's wife Frances Dodwell was a co-heiress of a Jamaican estate, as the grand-daughter of Henry and Dulcibella Dodwell. The ODNB entry for Sir Alexander Crichton characterizes his wife as "heir to an Irish estate" and a strong Irish identity as well as Royal Naval and military linkages runs through the awardees under this claim.


Dr. Crichton’s exertions to mitigate the horrors of an epidemic, which was devastating the south-eastern provinces of Russia in 1809, were most exemplary, and were fully acknowledged by the emperor, who conferred on him the knight grand cross of the order of St. Anne and St. Vladimir, third class; and in 1814 for his long and faithful services that of the second class.

Children of Sir Alexander Crichton and Frances Dodwell:

  1. Constantine Crichton
  2. Lucy Crichton
  3. Alexandrina Crichton
  4. Jessie Harriet Crichton
  5. Mary Crichton
  6. Frances Margaret Crichton
  7. Alexander Crichton


  • Royal College of Physicians - Sir Alexander Crichton link
  • Sir Alexander Crichton of Seal Grove, Kent married Frances Dodwell in 1800. She was the heiress of Edward Dodwell of Carrowgarry and that estate passed to the Crichton family. Sir Alexander Crichton was one of the principal lessors in the parishes of Kiltullagh, barony of Castlereagh, Kilbride, barony of Ballintober South, Cloonfinlough, Elphin and Kiltrustan, barony of Roscommon, county Roscommon at the time of Griffith's Valuation.
  • Cramond, W. "Crichton Papers." The Scottish Antiquary, Or, Northern Notes and Queries 13, no. 49 (1898): 12-16. Accessed November 9, 2020.
  • “An account of the genealogy of the Crichtons of Edinburgh by Patrick Crichton (c. 1755-1825) and updated in 1851 by his son Sir Archibald William Crichton (1791-1865)” is transcribed at PDF retrieved 9 November 2020.
  • Scottish physician and author. He was the first person to describe a condition similar to the inattentive subtype of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in his book ‘An inquiry into the nature and origin of mental derangement: comprehending a concise system of the physiology and pathology of the human mind and a history of the passions and their effects' (1798). He received his M.D. from Leyden, Holland, in 1785. In 1803, Dr. Crichton was invited to become a physician to the emperor of Russia, and 1804 he was appointment as personal physician to Tsar Alexander I of Russia and his wife Maria Feodorovna, the Dowager Empress. When retiring from this post, he returned to England.
  • The life and works of Sir Alexander Crichton , F. R. S. (1763-1856): a Scottish physician to the Imperial Russian Court. E. M. Tansey Published: 01 March 1984 Abstract The area of Newington, to the South of Edinburgh Medical School, belonged briefly in the eighteenth century to the Crichton family (1), distant descendents of the sixteenth-century soldier of fortune, James Crichton, known to history as ‘The Admirable Crichton’ (2). In the nineteenth century two members of this family (3, 4), Sir Alexander Crichton and his nephew Sir Archibald William Crichton, served as physicians to the Tsars of Russia (5, 6). ...
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Sir Alexander Crichton, M.D, F.R.S., K.B.'s Timeline

December 2, 1763
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
July 1801
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
June 23, 1802
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
September 24, 1811
Saint Petersburg, Russia
October 11, 1812
Saint Petersburg, Russia
June 4, 1856
Age 92
Sevenoaks, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Saint Petersburg, Russia