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About Sir Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour
From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Henry Arundell:
Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour
- M, #23903,
- b. 23 February 1607/8,
- d. 28 December 1694
- Last Edited=9 Feb 2011
- Consanguinity Index=0.5%
Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour was baptised on 23 February 1607/8 at St. Andrew's Church, Holborn, London, England.
He married Cicely Compton, daughter of Hon. Sir Henry Compton and Cicely Sackville.
He died on 28 December 1694 at age 86 at Breamore, Hampshire, England. He was buried at Tisbury, Wiltshire, England.
He was the son of Thomas Arundell, 2nd Baron Arundell of Wardour and Lady Blanche Somerset.
He held the office of Master of the Horse to Queen Henrietta Maria. He succeeded to the title of 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour, co. Wiltshire [E., 1605] on 19 May 1643.
He fought in the re-taking of Wardour Castle in March 1644, from the rebels, and destroyed it to prevent it being used as a fortress.
On 13 May 1652 he was second for his brother-in-law, Colonel Henry Compton, in a duel. Henry was killed by Lord Chandos. On 17 May 1653 he was found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to be burned 'in the hand.'
Between October 1678 and February 1684 he was imprisoned in the Tower of london, along with other 'Popish' peers, on the accusation of Titus Oates.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 17 July 1686. He held the office of Lord Privy Seal on 11 March 1686/87. In 1688 he was one of the five Lords to whom King James II committed the administration of his affairs.
He was said to be a great gambler.
He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.
Children of Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour and Cicely Compton
- 1. Hon. Henry Arundell 
- 2. Hon. Cicely Arundell  d. 1717
- 3. Thomas Arundell, 4th Baron Arundell of Wardour+ b. 1633, d. 10 Feb 1711/12
- 1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 264. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 265.
- 3. [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Arundell, Henry, 1608-1694". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
- 4. [S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 10. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
From the English Wikipedia page on Henry Arundell:
Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour, PC (bef. 23 February 1607/8 – 28 December 1694) was a Peer of England during the 17th century, and the most famous of the Lords Arundell of Wardour. He served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord High Steward, and was appointed to the Privy Council. During the Popish Plot he suffered a long period of imprisonment.
He was baptised on 23 February 1607/8 at St Andrew, Holborn, London.
On the death of his father on 19 May 1643 he succeeded to his estates and to his titles, which included that of Count of the Holy Roman Empire.
Throughout his life a devoted Catholic, he fought on the side of Charles I in the First English Civil War. In May 1643 the parliamentarians wrested Wardour Castle, in Wiltshire, from his mother Lady Blanche Arundell who was defending it. In the following September Arundell laid siege to the castle and its new occupiers and fought in the re-taking from the rebels. By springing a mine and ruining the building, he finally dislodged the enemy under General Edmund Ludlow in March 1644, eventually destroying it to prevent it being used as a fortress.
On 13 May 1652 he acted as one of the seconds of his brother-in-law Colonel Henry Compton, in a duel with George Brydges, 6th Baron Chandos. Compton was killed, and a warrant was issued by the council of state to arrest Arundell with others who had taken part. On 17 May 1653 he was found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to be burned in the hand. In that year Arundell appears to have petitioned Oliver Cromwell for pardon, and in 1656 to have received permission to take refuge in France.
At the restoration of Charles II, Arundell, on paying £35,000, was confirmed in all his family estates, many of which had been sold by the Commonwealth to Humphrey Weld.
On 7 March 1663 he was nominated and held the office of Master of the Horse to the Queen-Mother, Henrietta Maria.
In January 1669 he was summoned by Charles II, with other Roman catholic peers, to a secret council, and was commissioned to proceed to France to inform Louis XIV of the English king's desire to be reconciled to Roman Catholicism, and of his want of ready money. In June 1669 Arundell returned with Louis's assent to the secret Treaty of Dover with Charles, which was signed in the following year. In 1678 Titus Oates and his associates announced that Arundell was a chief mover in the Popish Plot against Charles II, which they professed to have discovered; it was a complete fabrication. According to the evidence of these informers, attempts had been made by the catholics of England, in league with Louis XIV, to raise an army of 50,000, which was to be placed under the command of Lords Arundell, Powis, and Belasyse. Some of the witnesses asserted that the pope had issued a commission to Arundell to be lord chancellor as soon as the present ministers had been removed, and that Arundell had for many years been actively employed in arranging the details of the plot.
Between October 1678 and February 1684 he was imprisoned in the Tower of London, along with other 'Popish' peers, on the accusation of Titus Oates. During his imprisonment in 1679 Arundell wrote five short religious poems, published in a single folio sheet in 1679, and reissued in A Collection of Eighty-six Loyal Poems in 1685.
After the death of Charles II, his successor, James II, admitted Arundell, although a Catholic, to the Privy Council (PC), to which he was invedted on 17 July/August 1686, and appointed him Keeper of the Privy Seal or Lord Privy Seal in place of Lord Clarendon on 11 March 1686/87, office he held. By royal dispensation he was relieved of the necessity of taking the customary oaths on accepting office.
In the following June Arundell presented an address to the King on behalf of the Roman catholics, thanking him for the Declaration of Indulgence; uncharacteristicly, he strongly opposed the admission of the Jesuit Edward Petre to the privy council. He received, on 24 June 1687, a bounty of £250 from the king for secret service. In 1688 he was one of the five Lords to whom King James II committed the administration of his affairs.
On the abdication of James, Arundell retired to his house at Breamore, Hampshire, and took no further part in public life. He died there Breamore on 28 December 1694, at the age of eighty-eight. He was buried with his ancestors at Tisbury, Wiltshire.
He was a noted gambler and sportsman, and kept at Breamore a celebrated pack of hounds, which became the property of the Earl of Castlehaven, and subsequently of Hugo Meynell. From them the Quorn Hunt's pack is descended.
He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, 2nd Baron Arundell of Wardour, by his wife, Lady Blanche.
He married Cicely Compton (c. 1610 - 24 March 1675/76), daughter of the Hon. Sir Henry Compton, Knt., of Brambletye, Sussex, invested as a Knight of the Order of the Bath (KB) on 25 July 1603, and first wife Lady Cicely Sackville, and widow of Sir John Fermor. She was a granddaughter of Sir Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton and of Robert Sackville, 2nd Earl of Dorset by her mother (herself a half-sister of Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset and Edward Sackville, 4th Earl of Dorset). Her stepmother was Mary Browne, daughter of Sir George Browne, also a widow, of Thomas Paston, of Thorpe, Surrey.
Their children were:
- 1. Thomas Arundell, 4th Baron Arundell of Wardour, b. 1633, d. 10 Feb 1711/12
- 2. Hon. Henry Arundell. A settlement for the marriage between him and Mary Scrope was made on 10 February 1675. They had no issue.
- 3. Hon. Cicely Arundell, d. 1717, a nun at Rouen, Caux, France.
The elder son, Thomas, became the fourth Lord Arundell of Wardour, and was in the retinue of Lord Castlemaine on his visit to Pope Innocent XI as James II's ambassador. Lord Arundell's only daughter, Cecily, entered the order of Poor Clares of Rouen in 1662, and died at Rouen 13 June 1717, at the age of 82.
- 1.^ Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (DNB00)
- 2.^ Predecessor of the seventh and eighth Earls of Castlehaven, and the nineteenth Lord Audley.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Arundell, Henry". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
Grey, Francis W. (1913). "Arundell". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Article on the first, second and third Lords Arundell of Wardour The third Baron Arundell of Wardour at thepeerage.com
- Lord Privy Seal (1687 – 1688)
- Preceded by The Earl of Clarendon
- Succeeded by The Marquess of Halifax
Peerage of England
- Baron Arundell of Wardour (1643–1694)
- Preceded by Thomas Arundell
- Succeeded by Thomas Arundell
Sir Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour's Timeline
February 23, 1608
London, Middlesex, England, (Present UK)
February 23, 1608
Holborn, London, Middlesex, England, (Present UK)
December 28, 1694
Breamore, Hampshire, England, (Present UK)
Tisbury, WIltshire, England, United Kingdom