Sir Henry le Scrope, Lord Chief Justice

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Henry le Scrope, Knight

Birthdate: (68)
Birthplace: Yorkshire, England
Death: circa September 07, 1336 (60-76)
Place of Burial: Richmond, North Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William le Scrope and Constance Scrope (de Newsom)
Husband of Margaret de Ros
Father of Stephen Scrope; William le Scrope; Richard Le Scrope, 1st Baron of Bolton and Geoffrey le Scrope
Brother of Margaret le Scrope; Sir Geoffrey le Scrope; Stephen Le Scrope; Elizabeth de Cleseby and Ivetta Juetta Le Scrope, Lady

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About Sir Henry le Scrope, Lord Chief Justice

Henry le Scrope

Sir Henry le Scrope (b. in or before 1268 – 7 September 1336) was an English lawyer, and Chief Justice of the King's Bench for two periods between 1317 and 1330. He was the eldest son of Sir William le Scrope (c. 1259 – c. 1312), who was bailiff to the earl of Richmond in Richmondshire. Henry’s younger brother Geoffrey was also a lawyer who probably advanced through the influence of his older brother. Geoffrey served as Chief Justice four times between 1324 and 1338.

Henry was an advocate at the King's Bench by 1292, and had various judicial commissions in the years from 1306 to 1308. On 27 November 1308 he was appointed justice of the common pleas. His friendship with, and the work he did for Henry Lacy, earl of Lincoln, helped his advancement at court, where he became a strong supporter of King Edward II. In 1311, after the barons had forced the king to accept the restrictions of the so-called Ordinances, Scrope withdrew from Parliament in protest, but was promptly ordered by the king to return. On 15 June 1317, when the king was once more restored to full power, Scrope was promoted to Chief Justice of the King's Bench. It was during this period (specifically from Hilary term 1319) that he instituted the practice of enrolling cases especially pertaining to the king on separate membranes, what became known as the Rex section.

In 1322 he received a share of the estates forfeited by the adherents of Thomas, earl of Lancaster, after the earl's failed rebellion at Boroughbridge. The next year, however, Scrope was replaced as Chief Justice for reasons that are not quite clear. Still, he did not entirely fall out of favour at court, and on 10 September was appointed justice of the forests north of Trent. He also had the good will of the new regime under Edward III, and on 5 February 1327 was named 'second justice' of the common pleas. From 28 October 1329 to 19 December 1330, while his brother Geoffrey was abroad, he once more took on the post of Chief Justice of the King's Bench. After this he was made chief baron of the exchequer, a post he held until his death.

Henry le Scrope was knighted at some point before February 1311. He held extensive possessions all over England, amounting to twenty-one manors all in all, most of them in Yorkshire. He was married to a Margaret, perhaps the daughter of either Lord Ros or Lord Fitzwalter. Together they had three sons. Margaret outlived him until 1357, and after his death married Sir Hugh Mortimer of Chelmarsh, Shropshire. When Sir Henry died on 7 September 1336, he was buried in the Premonstratensian abbey of St Agatha at Easby, close to Richmond. Of his three sons, the eldest, William, was a soldier who distinguished himself in the French and Scottish wars, and died in 1344. The next brother, Stephen, had predeceased William, so the estates passed to Richard Scrope, who subsequently became the first Lord Scrope of Bolton, and chancellor of England.



  • Henry le Scrope1
  • M, #16009, b. before 1270, d. 6 September 1336
  • Father Sir William le Scrope, Bailiff of the Earl of Richmond d. b 1 Feb 1312
  • Mother Constance de Newsham
  • Henry le Scrope was buried at Easby Abbey, Yorkshire, England. He married Margaret Roos, daughter of Sir William de Roos, 1st Lord Roos, Governor of Wark Castle and Maud de Vaux. Henry le Scrope was born before 1270 at of Wensley, Yorkshire, England. He died on 6 September 1336.
  • Family Margaret Roos d. a 1343
  • Children
    • William le Scrope b. c 1320, d. 17 Nov 1344
    • Sir Richard le Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope, Lord High Treasurer & Chancellor of England+ b. c 1326, d. 30 May 1403
  • Citations
  • [S4499] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. XI, p. 535-538; Wallop Family, Vol. 4, line 888; Stemmata Robertson, p. 165.
  • From:


  • Henry Scrope1
  • M, #380652, d. 7 September 1336
  • Last Edited=4 Aug 2009
  • Henry Scrope was the son of William Scrope and Constance de Newsom.1 He married Margaret de Ros.1 He died on 7 September 1336.1
  • Child of Henry Scrope and Margaret de Ros
    • Richard Scrope+1 d. 30 May 1403
  • Citations
  • [S1916] Tim Boyle, "re: Boyle Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 16 September 2006. Hereinafter cited as "re: Boyle Family."
  • From:


  • Henry SCROPE of Bolton (Sir Knight)
  • Born: 1271, Bracewell, Wensley, Yorkshire, England
  • Died: 1336
  • Buried: 8 Sep 1336, Abbey of St. Agatha
  • Father: William SCROPE of Bracewell (Sir Knight)
  • Mother: Constance De NEWSOM
  • Married: Margaret De ROS
  • Children:
    • 1. William SCROPE (Sir Knight)
    • 2. Richard SCROPE (1° B. Scrope of Bolton)
    • 3. Stephen SCROPE
  • From: SCROPE of Bolton (Sir Knight)1


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 51
  • Scrope, Henry le (d.1336) by James Tait
  • SCROPE, Sir HENRY le (d. 1336), chief justice of the king's bench, was the eldest son of Sir William le Scrope of Bolton in Wensleydale. His mother was Constance, daughter of Thomas, son of Gillo de Newsham. His brother Geoffrey is separately noticed. Their father, who was bailiff of Richmondshire in 1294, and was knighted at the battle of Falkirk, came of an obscure family originally seated in the East Riding and North Lincolnshire. No connection can be established with the Scrupes of Gloucestershire or with Richard FitzScrob [see Richard, (fl. 1060)]. The name is said to mean crab, and a crab was their crest. Scrope's paternal estate was small (Kirkby's Quest, pp. 150, 152, 176). He studied the law, and first appears as an advocate in 1307, the year before his elevation (27 Nov. 1308) to the bench of the common pleas. Attaching himself to Edward II, with whom he went to Scotland in 1310, Scrope withdrew from the parliament of 1311, in which the magnates placed restraints upon the king, and was peremptorily ordered to return. Edward entrusted him with a mission to Wales in 1314, and, on shaking off the control of the magnates promoted him (15 June 1317) to the chief-justiceship of the king's bench. Five years later Scrope received a share of the estates forfeited by the Earl of Lancaster's supporters, to which Edward added early in 1323 the Swaledale lands of Andrew de Harclay [q. v.] But towards the close of that year, for some unexplained reason, he was superseded as chief justice. He was almost immediately, however, appointed justice of the forests north of Trent, received a summons with the justices to the parliament of 1325, and in March 1326 was trying Yorkshire offenders by special commission (Parl. Writs, {[sc|ii}}. i. 284, 335). On Edward III's accession he was replaced (5 Feb. 1327) on the bench as ‘second justice’ (the title was new) of the common pleas, his old post being occupied by his brother (Foss; cf. Scrope and Grosvenor Roll, ii. 13). In the summer he held an inquiry into a fray between the English and Hainaulters at York (Fœdera, iv. 292). From 28 Oct. 1329 to 19 Dec. 1330 he took the place of his brother, then absent abroad, as chief justice of the king's bench. On the latter date he was made chief baron of the exchequer, a post which he held until his death, though for a moment in November 1333 transferred to be chief justice of the common pleas; perhaps without his consent, for within twenty-four hours he received a new patent restoring him to his old place. Like his brother, Scrope was a knight banneret. He died on 6 Sept. 1336, and was buried in the Premonstratensian abbey of St. Agatha at Easby, close to Richmond, the patronage of which, with Burton Constable and other lands, he had purchased from the descendant of Roald, constable of Richmond, who founded it in 1151. Scrope was considered its second founder. He had greatly augmented his paternal inheritance (Kirkby's Quest, pp. 230, 335–7, 354, 358). His wife was Margaret, daughter either of Lord Roos or of Lord Fitzwalter. She afterwards married Sir Hugh Mortimer of Chelmarsh, Shropshire, and lived until 1357. Their three sons—William, Stephen, and Richard—were all under age at his death. William, born 1320, distinguished himself in the French and Scottish wars, and died 17 Nov. 1344, of a wound received at the battle of Morlaix in Brittany, two years before. He left no issue, and his next brother, Stephen, having predeceased him, the estates passed to Richard (1327?–1403) [q. v.], first Baron Scrope of Bolton and chancellor of England.
  • [Foss's Judges of England, iii. 499; Scrope and Grosvenor Roll ed. Nicolas, 1832, i. 94–5, 98, 127, 132, 142, 145, 222, ii. 11; Rotuli Parliamentorum, ii. 10; Parliamentary Writs, ed. Palgrave; Rymer's Fœdera, orig. ed.; Inquisitiones post mortem, ii. 72, 125; Kirkby's Quest (Surtees Soc.); Dugdale's Baronage and Origines Juridiciales; Scrope's Hist. of Castle Combe, 1852.]
  • From:,_Henry_le_(d.1336)_(DNB00)


  • Henry le Scrope
  • Birth: 1271 Wensley, North Yorkshire, England
  • Death: Sep. 7, 1336 Wensley, North Yorkshire, England
  • Henry le Scrope, eldest son of William le Scrope, was born 1271 in Wensley, Yorkshire, England and died September 7, 1336 and was buried on September 8, 1336 in Abbey of St. Agatha. He inherited the Manor of Bolton from his father in 1303. Henry and his brother Geoffrey, were both lawyers, soldiers and diplomats and became Chief Justice to the King's Bench.
  • Henry married Margaret de Ros about 1319 in Hamlake, Somersetshire, England. They had three sons:
    • William le Scrope - eldest, died in 1344 after receiving wounds at the Battle of Morlaix
    • Stephen le Scrope - died in 1344, without issue
    • Richard le Scrope - became first Lord Scrope of Bolton
  • Family links:
  • Children:
    • William Scrope (____ - 1344)*
    • Richard Le Scrope (1327 - 1403)*
  • Burial: St Agatha Churchyard, Easby, Richmondshire District, North Yorkshire, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 102150426
  • From:


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Sir Henry le Scrope, Lord Chief Justice's Timeline

Yorkshire, England
Age 52
Bolton, Yorkshire, England
Age 54
Bolton, Yorkshire, England
Age 59
Bolton, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
September 7, 1336
Age 68
September 8, 1336
Age 68
Richmond, North Yorkshire, England
June 5, 1935
Age 68
June 5, 1936
Age 68
June 5, 1936
Age 68