Teodósio II de Bragança, 7º duque de Bragança

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Teodósio II de Bragança, 7º duque de Bragança

Birthplace: Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
Death: November 29, 1630 (62)
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
Place of Burial: Convento dos Agostinhos, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Immediate Family:

Son of João I of Braganza, 6th Duke of Braganza and Catarina de Portugal
Husband of Ana de Velasco y Girón
Father of João IV o Restaurador, rei de Portugal; Duarte de Bragança; Catarina de Bragança and Alexandre de Bragança
Brother of Maria de Bragança; Serafina of Braganza; Duarte de Bragança, 1º marquês de Frechilla; Alexandre of Braganza, Archbishop of Évora; Cherubina of Braganza and 4 others

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
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About Teodósio II de Bragança, 7º duque de Bragança



Teodósio II of Bragança (Portuguese pronunciation: [tiu%CB%88d%C9%94ziu]), (1568, Vila Viçosa - 1630) was the 7th Duke of Braganza. He was the son of John I, 6th Duke of Bragança (1543-1583) by his wife, Infanta (Princess) Catherine of Guimarães (1540-1614).

As a child, Teodósio was brought to the court and made page to the king Sebastian I of Portugal. The king was very fond of him and in 1578 insisted on taking him to Africa in the expedition against the king of Morocco. This military campaign was doomed. During the ill-fated battle of Alcacer-Quibir, Teodósio remained at the side of his king until the situation become extremely dangerous. Then, Sebastian ordered servants to take the ten-year-old child to safety behind the lines. The young man was not happy to be set aside and ran away at the first opportunity. Teodósio mounted a horse and went to the front lines of the battle, pursued by very scared servants. Eventually, like many others, he was wounded and taken prisoner. Back in Portugal, his father João went mad with grief and offered a fortune for the ransom of his heir. He also asked king Philip II of Spain to write to the king of Morocco in order to spare young Teodósio's life. There was no need for such alarm. Impressed by the tale of his courage in battle, the king of Morocco let the child go, safely and without ransom, in August 1579.

Meanwhile in Portugal, the situation was one of unrest. With the disappearance of King Sebastian in the battle, the new king was Cardinal Henry I of Portugal an old childless man. Teodósio was the son of Infanta Catarina, an ambitious woman who, with her husband the Duke of Bragança, aspired to the throne. Philip II of Spain also aspired to the Portuguese throne and used every means to keep young Teodósio (great-grandson of King Manuel I and a possible threat) out of the country. Only when he had safely secured the crown did Philip II of Spain, now Philip I of Portugal, allow the child's return.

Teodósio became a duke in 1583 at his father's death and grew up to be a faithful servant of the Spanish king of Portugal. He defended Lisbon from the attacks of another candidate (António of Crato) and was responsible for the kingdom's security for many years. Acknowledging this fidelity, Philip II granted the Braganças more lands and titles.

[edit]Teodósio's descendants

By his wife, the Spanish Lady Ana de Velasco y Girón

John II, 8th Duke of Bragança (1604-1656), crowned King John IV of Portugal in December 1st 1640

Duarte of Bragança (1605-1649), Lord of Vila do Conde

Catarina of Bragança (1606-1610)

Alexandre of Bragança (1607-1637)

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Teodósio II de Bragança, 7º duque de Bragança's Timeline

April 28, 1568
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
March 18, 1604
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
March 30, 1605
Paço Ducal de Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
April 6, 1606
Paço Ducal de Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
March 16, 1607
Paço Ducal de Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
November 29, 1630
Age 62
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
Convento dos Agostinhos, Vila Viçosa, Portugal