Therese Amalie von Mecklenburg, Fürstin von Thurn und Taxis

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Therese Amalie von Mecklenburg, Fürstin von Thurn und Taxis

Also Known As: "Therese Mathilde Amalia Herzogin zu Mecklenburg-Strelitz"
Birthplace: Hannover, Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: February 12, 1839 (65)
Schloß Taxis, Dischingen, Württemberg, Deutschland(DB)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Charles II Louise Frederick von Mecklenburg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Friederike Karoline Luise Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz von Hessen-Darmstadt, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Wife of Karl Alexander, V. Fürst zu Thurn und Taxis
Ex-partner of Maximilian, Graf von und zu Lerchenfeld auf Köfering und Schönberg
Mother of Maria Sophia Dorothea von Thurn und Taxis, Prinzessin von Württemberg; Maria Theresia Prinzessin von Thurn und Taxis; Luise Friederike von Thurn und Taxis; Maximilian Karl, VI. Fürst von Thurn und Taxis; Friedrich Wilhelm von Thurn und Taxis and 8 others
Sister of Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen; Karoline Auguste von Mecklenburg, Prinzessin von Mecklenburg-Strelitz; George von Mecklenburg, Prinz; Friedrich Karl Ferdinand von Mecklenburg, Prinz von Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Louise Augusta Wilhelmina Amelia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Prussia Electress consort of Brandenburg and 3 others
Half sister of Karl Friedrich August Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Managed by: Cecilie Nygård
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About Therese Amalie von Mecklenburg, Fürstin von Thurn und Taxis

of Mecklenburg-Strelitz[1][2] (German: Herzogin Therese zu Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 5 April 1773 – 12 February 1839)[1][2] was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Therese was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis.

Political activities

Therese and Karl Alexander had their first residence (until 1797) in the Palais Thurn und Taxis in Frankfurt am Main. Early on in their marriage, Therese took over her young husband's representational tasks. After her father-in-law's resignation as Post Master General and Principal Commissioner of the Perpetual Imperial Diet at Regensburg, Therese's husband Karl Alexander became Principal Commissioner in 1797. Therese took an active role in the administration of the Princely House and lands as well as the postal administration and was also devoted to art and literature.[3] She hosted in her salon poets and writers including Jean Paul, Friedrich Rückert, Johann Kaspar Lavater, and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock.[4]

The Hereditary Princess of Thurn and Taxis, oil on canvas by Carlo Restallino, Regensburg in 1800.Only with the predictable demise of the Imperial Reichspost, the German Mediatisations of 1803, the mediatization of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis, and the loss of position of Post Master General in the time of Napoleon I of France, Therese became outwardly politically active, most especially after the death of her father-in-law in 1805. Since then, Therese reinforced the sovereignty of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis and its traditional postal rights. In 1806, she and her husband negotiated with her brother-in-law Frederick William III of Prussia along with Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg, the former Archbishop-Elector of Mainz and Prince-Primate of Regensburg, and for the first time in 1807 with Napoleon. Likewise, they also negotiated with Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria in Munich and proposed to him the nationalization of the Thurn and Taxis Lehnspost there. In 1808, Therese and her husband took the interests of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis to the Congress of Erfurt. There, a secret meeting occurred between Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord and Alexander I of Russia in her salon.[5]

After fruitless negotiations in Erfurt were lost, Therese traveled at the end of 1809 to Paris, where she met with Napoleon concerning the future status of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis, the withdrawal of the media, and the re-acquisition of rights to the postal system. From this trip survives a correspondence with her husband Karl Alexander in which he laments the impoverishment of the House of Thurn and Taxis and asks Therese to limit her expenses.[6] Through their negotiations with Napoleon, the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis was offered to relocate to Paris. The negotiations failed, however, perhaps because the correspondence with her sister Queen Louise of Prussia fell into the hands of the French authorities.[6]

After the defeat and exile of Napoleon, Therese took the interests of the Princely House to the Congress of Vienna in 1814 where many political negotiations took place between Talleyrand, Tsar Alexander I, Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich, and other political leaders in her salon. Not least because of Article 17 of the Federal Act from the year 1815, the revenue of the former post offices of the House of Thurn and Taxis in several states of the German Confederation as a legitimate claim was established. Private postal services were established and were intended to have a reasonable compensation obligation to the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis.[7]

Duchess Therese died in Regensburg at the age of 65.

Styles of

Therese, Princess of Thurn and Taxis

Reference style Her Highness

Spoken style Your Highness

Alternative style Ma'am

KARL Ludwig Friedrich Herzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, *Strelitz 23.2.1708, +Mirow 5.6.1752; m.Eisfeld 5.2.1735 Pss Elisabeth Albertine von Sachsen-Hildburghausen (*Hildburghausen 3.8.1713, +Neustrelitz 29.6.1761); They had issue:

  • A1. ADOLF FRIEDRICH IV Herzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (11.12.1752-1794), succeeded his uncle, Adolf Friedrich III, *Mirow 5.5.1738, +Neustrelitz 2.6.1794
    • A2. KARL II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1794-1815), cr Grossherzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (28.6.1815-1816), *Mirow 10.10.1741, +Neustrelitz 6.11.1816; 1m: Darmstadt 18.9.1768 Ldgfn Friederike von Hessen-Darmstadt (*20.8.1752 +22.5.1782); 2m: Darmstadt 28.9.1784 Ldgfn Charlotte von Hessen-Darmstadt (*5.11.1755 +12.12.1785)
    • B1. GEORG Karl Friedrich, *Hannover 4.3.1772, +Hannover 21.5.1773
    • B2. FRIEDRICH Georg Karl, *Hannover 1.9.1774, +Hannover 5.11.1774
    • B3. GEORG Friedrich Karl Joseph Grossherzog von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1816-60), *Hannover 12.8.1779, +Schweizerhaus, nr Neustrelitz 6.9.1860; m.Kassel 12.8.1817 Pss Marie von Hessen-Kassel (*21.1.1796 +30.12.1886)
    • B4. FRIEDRICH Karl Ferdinand, *Hannover 7.1.1781, +Hannover 24.3.1783
    • B5. KARL Friedrich August, *Hannover 30.11.1785, +Berlin 21.9.1837
    • B6. CHARLOTTE Georgine Luise Friederike, *Hannover 17.11.1769, +Hildburghausen 14.5.1818; m.Hildburghausen 3.9.1785 Herzog Friedrich von Sachsen-Hildburghausen [later Sachsen-Altenburg] (*29.4.1763 +29.9.1834)
    • B7. Karoline Auguste, *Hannover 17.2.1771, +Hannover 11.1.1773
    • B8. >Therese Mathilde, *Hannover 5.4.1773, +Schloß Taxis 12.2.1839; m.Neustrelitz 25.5.1789 Fst Karl Alexander von Thurn und Taxis (*Regensburg 22.2.1770, +Regensburg 15.7.1827); Therese also had illegitimate issue by Maximilian Gf von Lerchenfeld; one was cr Gf von Stockau; the others were surnamed Stargard
    • B9. LUISE Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie, *Hannover 10.3.1776, +Hohenzieritz 19.7.1810; m.Berlin 24.12.1793 King Friedrich Wilhelm III von Prussia (*3.8.1770 +7.6.1840)
    • B10. FRIEDERIKE Karoline Sophie Alexandrine, *Hannover 2.3.1778, +Hannover 29.6.1841; 1m: Berlin 26.12.1793 Pr Ludwig von Prussia (*5.11.1773 +28.12.1796); 2m: Berlin 10.12.1798 Pr Friedrich zu Solms-Braunfels (*Braunfels 22.10.1770, +Slaventzitz 13.4.1814); 3m: Neustrelitz 29.5.1815 Pr Ernest Augustus of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, Duke of Cumberland, etc [King Ernst August I of Hannover 1837] (*5.6.1771 +18.11.1851)
    • B11. AUGUSTE Albertine, *Hannover 19.5.1782, +Hannover 20.5.1782
  • ...

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Therese Amalie von Mecklenburg, Fürstin von Thurn und Taxis's Timeline

April 5, 1773
Hannover, Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Deutschland(HRR)
March 24, 1790
March 26, 1792
July 6, 1794
Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, BY, Germany
August 29, 1798
Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany
March 4, 1800
Regensburg, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
November 3, 1802
Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bayern, Germany
January 29, 1805
Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany
May 6, 1806