Thomas Giffard of Twyford

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Sir Thomas Giffard, Knight

Also Known As: "Thomas Gifforde", "Thomas Giffard of Twyford", "Thomas Gifford"
Birthdate: (61)
Birthplace: Fringford, Oxfordshire, England
Death: March 9, 1469 (57-65)
Twyford, Buckinghamshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Roger Giffard, of Twyford and Elizabeth Stretele
Husband of Eleanor De Vaux
Father of John Giffard, Esq of Twyford and Elizabeth Giffard
Brother of Catherine Billing; Elizabeth Gifford; Jane Gifford and Mary Gifford

Managed by: Robby Ticknor
Last Updated:

About Thomas Giffard of Twyford

  • Thomas Giffard
  • M, b. circa 1403, d. circa 1469
  • Father Roger Giffard b. c 1367, d. 14 Apr 1409
  • Mother Elizabeth Stretele b. c 1375, d. b 1407
  • Thomas Giffard was born circa 1403 at of Twyford, Buckinghamshire, England. He married Eleanor Vaux, daughter of William Vaux and Eleanora Drakelow, circa 1429. Thomas Giffard died circa 1469.
  • Family Eleanor Vaux b. c 1400
  • Child
    • John Giffard, Esq.+ b. 1431, d. b 23 Sep 1506
  • From:
  • ______________
  • The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 75 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society
  • Pg.130
  • 11. SIR JOHN GIFFORD LE BOEF (Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1270, was living 30 Mr. 1328, when his son was called John Giffard the Younger of Twyford in the inquisition post mortem of Sir Thomas de Gardinis, but appears to have died shortly thereafter (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 7, Edward III, page 107). He married about 1300-1 ALEXANDRA DE GARDINIS, daughter of Sir Thomas of Oxfordshire, a descendant of the baronial house of Arsic. She was dead in 1328, when her son John was the heir of his grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis.
  • On 24 June 1301 John, son of John Giffard le Boef, was summond from Devonshire to the muster at Berwick on Tweed, to perform military service against the Scots (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 1, page 632). His lands at Helidon are mentioned 23 Aug. 1312 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1307-1313, page 548). He was imprisoned at Aylesbury, 7 June 1314, for a trespass of vert and venison in the Royal Forest (ib., 1313-1318, page 58). On 28 Sept. 1315 he was knight of the
  • Pg.131
  • shire for co. Bucks (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and in 1316 he was certified as lord of the vills of Twyford, Charndon, and Pounden in co. Bucks (ib.). He held the Twyford lands (i.e., two part) of Ralph Pipard (Feudal Aids, vol. 1, page 109). In Oxfordshire he held lands in Begbrooke (ib., vol. 4, page 30) and also lands in Astwell. On 26 Mar. 1316 he appears as commissioner to raise soldiers for the Scotch War (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and on 5 Aug 1316 his orders to select footmen in co. Bucks for the Scotch War were countermanded (Calendar of Fine Rolls, vol. 2, page 297). On 30 May 1322 John Giffard of Tywford, Knight, was summond from Oxfordshire to the Great Council at Westminster (Parliamentary Writs, Vol. 2, page 918). On 20 June 1322 John Gifford, a knight or baneret of co. Beds and co. Bucks, was returned as ill and unable to serve in person against the Scots (ib.), and on 24 June 1322 John Gifford le Boef, man at arms, was summoned from Northamptonshire to serve against the Scots (ib.). On 31 Oct. 1322 he was returned as a man at arms between the ages of 16 and 60 years, and was called a knight accustomed to arms but gouty and incapable of acting (ib.). In 1325 John, son of Osbert Giffard (9, i), sued him to recover lands in Accott, Devonshire, which Osbert formerly held. Children:
    • 12. i. JOHN, b. in 1301 (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 6).
    • ii. EDMUND (?), a knight, who, with John Giffard of Twyford, comitted trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348), and was probably of Stanlak in Oxfordshire in 1361 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1360-1364, p. 194).
  • 12. SIR JOHN GIFFARD, (Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born in 1301, died on the Sunday next after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul,(*) 43 Edward III [1368/9] (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232). He married first LUCY DE MORTEYN, who was living 8 Mar. 1361, daughter of Sir John and sister of Master Edmund de Morteyn, D. C. L., the King's excheator for Ireland, canon of York, and King's clerk; and secondly ALICE ---- , who was living 30 July 1379 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1377-1381, page 323.
  • From his maternal grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis, he inherited large estates, namely, the manorial estates at Somerton and Fringsford and the Coggs lands in Oxfordshire, which, with the messuage at Leisdon, co Kent, came down from the Arsic family, and the manor of Ixning, which came from the De la Haye family. His father died about 1330, and he inherited the Giffard lands. On 22 July 1334 he was styled Sir John Giffard, when he witnessed an enrollment grant (Calendar Close Rolls, 1333-1337, page 326). On 26 Mar. 1338 he was to array in co. Bucks 10 men at arms, 20 armed
  • Pg.132
  • men, and 40 archers for the French War (ib., 1334-1341, p. 55). In 1340 he had licence to build an oratory in his house at Twyford (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire), in the same year he was assessor of taxes in Oxfordshire (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1340-1343, pag 25), and he served frequently on commissions of ayer and terminer with William de Shreshull, the famous judge (ib., 1340-1343, pages 87, 554, 582, 583). He was one of the knights who accompanied Edward III to France, and he was in the King's division at the Battle of Crecy, 1346 (Wrottesley's Crecy and Calais). He appears to have had a brother Edmund, with whom he committed a trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348). In 1349, 1351, and 1361 he was commissioner of the peace in co. Bucks (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1350-1354), on 14 Mar. 1360 he was one of the commissioners of array in co. Bucks, for the French War, and in 1368, with Reynold de Grey of Ruthyn, he was again commissioner of array (ib., 1364-1367, page 431). Children by first wife:
    • i. JOHN, living 23 Dec. 1360; d. s.p. before 11 Mar. 1368/9. (Vide infra, 13.)
    • 13. ii. THOMAS, b. about 1345 (REGISTER, Vol. 74, p. 232).
    • iii. RICHARD (probably son of No. 12), m. JOAN ---- , and with her levied a fine on the manor of Helidon, 7 Richard II [1383-4].
  • 13. SIR THOMAS GIFFARD (Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1345, died 25 Sept. 1394 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 233). He married first, about 1361, ELIZABETH DE MISSENDEN, who died about 1367; secondly, before 4 Jan. 1367/8, MARGERY ---- (ib., vol. 74, page 231), who was living 22 Aug. 1374; and thirdly, before 6 July 1383, SYBIL ---- , who married again, had a daughter Eleanor (born about 1406) by her second husband, and died 26 FEb. 1428/9.
  • From an inquisition taken at Oxford 23 Dec., 34 Edward III [1360] (ib.), it appears that Thomas Giffard had an elder brother, John, who was living at that date, but who must had died s.p. before 11 Mar., 43 Edward III [1368/9], as Thomas Giffard, aged twenty-five years and more, was then found to be the heir of his father (ib., vol. 74, page 232). On 23 Dec. 1360 Thomas's father, John settled upon himself and his wife Lucy, for the term of their lives, his manors of Somerton and Feringford, in Oxfordshire, with 30s. rent in Cogges, Oxfordshire, with remainder to their son Thomas and his issue, and then rent to Thomas and Elizabeth de Missenden and their issue, which otherwise ought to revert to John eldest son of the said John (ib., vol. 74, page 231). On 22 Aug. 1374 Sir Thomas Giffard, with his wife Margery, enfeoffed Nicholas Twyford of London, goldsmith, with a moiety of the manor of Ixning, co. Suffolk (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1370-1374, page 477). Two inquisitions post mortem show
  • Pg.133
  • holdings of Sir Thomas Giffard, Knight, at the time of his death, in Kent and in Oxfordshire respectively, and give Roger Giffard, aged twenty-six (or twenty-seven) years and more as his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232.) Child by first wife:
    • 14. i. ROGER, b. about 1367.
  • Children by second or third wife:
    • ii. JOHN, d. s.p.
    • iii. THOMAS, d. s.p.
    • iv. WILLIAM, d. s.p.
  • 14. ROGER GIFFARD, (Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1367, died 14 Apr. 1409, He married first, before 6 July 1383, JOAN DE BEREFORD, who died s.p., daughter of Sir Baldwin, Knight; secondly, not later than 1399, ELIZABETH ----: and thirdly, not later than 1407, ISABEL STRETELE, apparently of the family of Stretley of Creslow, co. Bucks. (REGISTER, vol. 74, pages 233-234.) She married secondly John Stokes of Twyford.
  • On 21 July 1395 a licence was given to Roger Giffard to grant the manor of Somerton, in Oxfordshire, to Sybil, late wife of Thomas Giffard, for life, with remainder to the said Roger in fee (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1391-1396, page 608; cf. REGISTER, Vol. 74, page 234). The inquisitions post mortem given in REGISTER, vol 74, pages 233-234, show that Roger Giffard, at his death, held lands at Leisdon, co. Kent, at Twyford, co. Bucks, at Cogges, Bekbroke, and Newynton, co. Oxford, and at Helydon, co. Northampton, and that Thomas Giffard, aged one year and more in 1409 was his son and heir. The inquisition taken at Northampton in 1409 shows that the manor of Helydon had been settled on Roger Gifford and his second wife, Elizabeth, and their issue, and that the heir of Roger and Elizabeth was Katherine, aged ten years and more in 1409. Child by second wife:
    • i. KATHERINE, b. about 1399; m. SIR THOMAS BILLING, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of England.(*)
  • Child by third wife:
    • 15. ii. THOMAS, b. at Fringford, co. Oxford, 1408.
  • Pg.134
  • 15. THOMAS GIFFARD (Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born at Fringford, co. Oxford, in 1408, died 29 May 1469. He married ELEANOR VAUX, daughter of William, Esq., ancestor of the Lords Vaux of Harrowden, co. Northampton.
  • he was aged one year and more in 1409, after his father's death, and on 21 October of the same year the King's kinsman, William, Lord Roos of Hamlak, was granted cusstody of the young heir (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1408-1413, page 114; cf. REIGISTER, vol. 74, page 234). Lord de Roos died in 1414, and on 3 May 1415 custody of the heir was granted to Thomas, Duke of Clarence (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1413-1416, p. 321), who was killed in the Battle of Beauge in 1420. In Trinity Term, 1415, Thomas Giffard by William Rodesburgh, his guardian, bought suit against John Stokes and Isabel his wife (who was Thomas Giffard's mother), to recover the manor of Helydon, under the settlement made 8 Mar 1361 by Sir John Giffard, Knight, great-grandfather of Thomas (ib., 1358-1361, page 571), and it was agreed that Thomas should recover his seisin of this manor. (Cf. REGISTER, vol. 74, page 267.) In 1429 Thomas was holding the manor of Helydon and also the Somerton lands. He proved his age on 14 Jan. 1429/30, Sybil, the widow of his grandfather, Sir Thomas Giffard, having died 26 Feb. 1428/9, and it was shown that he was born and baptized at Fringford and was aged twenty-one years on 29 Dec. 1429. The manor of Fringford came to him after the death of Sybil. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 234, 235.) On 5 Feb. 1429/30 he and his step-father, John Stokes, gave bond for L200 to Thomas Chaumbre, Esq., William Vaux, Esq., and Thomas Tresham, to permit Eleanor, daughter of William Vaux, Esq. deceased, to have sufficient estate for her life in the manors of Astwell and Helydon in Northamptonshire and in certain lands, etc., in Astwell and Helydon and in Water Stratford, co. Bucks- apparently a marriage settlement. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 267-268.) In 1434 Thomas Giffard was one of those who were required to take oath not to maintain lawbreakers (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1429-1436, page 397), and in 1439 he was commissioned to investigate the escapes of felons in co. Bucks (ib., 1436-1441, page 269). he appears to have been a Yorkist, as he began to hold local offices in Bucks upon the victory of Edward IV at Towton in 1461. He was a commissioner of peace and array in Bucks in 1460-1464 and 1466 (ib., 1461-1467, page 560). At his death he held Twyford. John Gifford, Esq., aged thirty-eight years and more, was found, by an inquisition taken at Dadyngton, co. Oxford, in Oct. 1469, to be his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 235). Children:
    • 16. i. JOHN, born about 1431.
    • ii. ELIZABETH, m. ---- MOORE, Esq., according to a Visitataion pedigree.
  • Pg.135
  • 16 JOHN GIFFORD (Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1431, died before 23 Sept. 1506. He married (according to the pedigree in Heralds' College entered by his great-grandson, Thomas Giffard of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks) first ALLES ---- ; and secondly AGNES WINSLOWE, daughter of Thomas of Begbroke, co. Oxford.(*)
  • In 1479 and 1483 he was commissioner of the peace. He appears to have adhered to Richard III. He was high sheriff of co. Bucks in 1497 (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire, vol. 1, pag xvi). On 24 Nov. 1487 he granted his lands in Fringford, co. Oxford, to his son Thomas and his (Thomas's) wife Joan and their heirs (REIGISTER, vol. 74, page235(T)), and on 23 Sept. 22 Henry VII [2506], his son Thomas received licence to enter, without proof of age, upon the lands of his father, John Gifford of Twyford, a tenant in chief (Calendar of Patent Rolls). Children by first wife: .... etc.


  • Eleanor VAUX
  • Born: ABT 1408, Twyford, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Died: 1478
  • Father: William VAUX
  • Mother: Eleanor DRAKELOW
  • Married: Thomas GIFFORD (son of Robert Gifford and Isabella Stretle) ABT 1430
  • Children:
    • 1. John GIFFORD (Esq.)
    • 2. Elizabeth GIFFORD
  • From: VAUX1


  • Collections for a history of Staffordshire
    • CHART
  • Sir John Giffard of Twyford, co. Bucks, and of Hellidon, living 1304. ; ch: Sir John Giffard del Beuf
    • Sir John Giffard del Beuf, 9 E. II. ; ch: Sir John, Nicholas, Sir Gilbert, Thomas Giffard.
      • Nicholas.
      • Sir Gilbert, occurs 47 E. III.
      • Thomas.
      • Sir John Giffard, 13 E. III and 24 E. III. ; ch: Sir Thomas, Richard (m. Joan __ ) Giffard.
        • Richard levied a fine of Hellidon, 7 R. II. = Joan.
        • Sir Thomas Giffard, 14 R. II. ; ch: Sir Thomas (17 R. II.) Giffard
          • Sir Thomas, 17 R. II. ; ch: Roger (m. Elizabeth Seyton & Isabella de Stretele) Giffard.
            • Roger Giffard ob. 10 H. IV. = Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Seyton.; ch: Catharine (d. unm.) Giffard.; = Isabella de Stretele.; ch: Thomas (m. Eleanor _ ), Elizabeth, Katharine (m. Sir Thomas Billings), Mary (m. John Clopton) Giffard.
              • Mary = John Clopton.
              • Katharine = Sir Thomas Billings.
              • Elizabeth.
              • Thomas = Eleanor. ; ch: John (3 H. VII.) Giffard.
                • John Giffard, 3 H. VII. ; ch: Thomas (ob. 3 H. VIII.), Roger Giffard.
                  • Roger Giffard. - Giffards of St. James's Abbey, Duston.
                  • Thomas Giffard, ob. 3 H. VIII. Inqn.p.m. ; ch: Thomas (ob. 4 E. VI.) Giffard.
                    • Thomas Giffard, ob. 4 E. VI. ; ch: Ursula, ob. 1 Eliz. = Sir Thomas Wenman of Carswell, co. Oxon, ob 19 Eliz.
  • Sir Thomas Wenman was ancestor of the Viscounts Wenman, now extinct.
  • This pedigree, however, is not free from error, as will be seen from the notes which follow. Roger Giffard, who died in 10 H. VI, was grandson, not great-grandson, of Sir John Giffard, living temp. E. III, and Katharine who married Sir Thomas
  • Billings, was daughter and heir of Roger Giffard of Stanlake (see p. 64) .... etc.
  • A suit in Banco of 3 H. V (1415), gives a descent of four generations from the last-named John. In this suit Thomas Gyffard sued John Stokes and Isabella, his wife, for the manor of Helidene (Hellidon), co. Northampton, and gave this descent: --
  • John Gyffard of Twyford, kt., seised of the manor temp. E. III = Lucy. ; ch: Thomas (m. Elizabeth _ ) Gyffard.
    • Thomas = Elizabeth. ; ch: Roger Gyffard
      • Roger. ; ch: Thomas (the plaintiff.(6)) Gyffard.
  • The plaintiff in this suit was under age, and sued by his custos. Isabella, the defendant, was the widow of Roger Giffard and admitted the claim of Thomas. This Thomas proved his age in 8 H. VI (1430).(7) Going back for two generations, Sir Thomas Giffard, the grandfather of the last-named Thomas, died in 1394
  • (18 Ric. II). The inquisition taken in Kent on his death is extant, and states that he held the vill of Leisdon in the Isle of Shapaa (Sheppey), co. Kent, of the King in capite, that he died on the 25th September last, and that Roger his son was his nearest heir, and was twenty-six years of age. .... etc.


Aged about 1 year at his father’s death. The King’s kinsman, William, Lord Roos of Hamlak was granted custody of the yound heir. Lord Roos died in 1414 and custody granted to Thomas, Duke of Clarence, who was killed in Battle of Beauge in 1420.

In 1429 Thomas was hold the manor of Helydon and also the Somerton lands.

Tha manor of Fringford came to him on death of Sybil, widow of his grandfatgher Sir Thomas.

He appears to have been a Yorkist, as he began to hold local office in Bucks upon victory of Edward IV at Towton in 1461.


Thomas was little more than 1 year of age when his father died. On 21 October 1409, William, Lord Roos of Hamlak, was granted custody. Lord Roos died in 1414. On 3 May 1415, custody was granted to Thomas, Duke of Clarence, who was killed in the Battle of Beauge in 1420.


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Thomas Giffard of Twyford's Timeline

December 29, 1408
Age 1
Fringford, Oxfordshire, England
Age 23
Twyford, Buckinghamshire, England
Age 25
Twyford (Buckinghamshire) England
March 9, 1469
Age 61
Twyford, Buckinghamshire, England
May 1469
Age 61
August 23, 1932
Age 61
December 5, 1932
Age 61
February 4, 1960
Age 61